Aliases for CYP24A1 Gene
External Ids for CYP24A1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CYP24A1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CYP24A1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This mitochondrial protein initiates the degradation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the physiologically active form of vitamin D3, by hydroxylation of the side chain. In regulating the level of vitamin D3, this enzyme plays a role in calcium homeostasis and the vitamin D endocrine system. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP24A1 Gene
CYP24A1 (Cytochrome P450 Family 24 Subfamily A Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP24A1 include Hypercalcemia, Infantile and Hypercalcemia. Among its related pathways are Vitamin D synthesis and Phase II conjugation. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and heme binding. An important paralog of this gene is CYP11B1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYP24A1 Gene
Has a role in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent 24-hydroxylation of calcidiol (25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)) and calcitriol (1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)). The enzyme can perform up to 6 rounds of hydroxylation of calcitriol leading to calcitroic acid. It also shows 23-hydroxylating activity leading to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone as end product.