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Aliases for CXCL2 Gene

Aliases for CXCL2 Gene

  • Chemokine (C-X-C Motif) Ligand 2 2 3
  • MIP2A 3 4 6
  • GRO2 3 4 6
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Protein 2-Alpha 3 4
  • Growth-Regulated Protein Beta 3 4
  • GRO2 Oncogene 2 3
  • MIP2-Alpha 3 4
  • Gro-Beta 3 4
  • SCYB2 3 4
  • GROb 3 4
  • Melanoma Growth Stimulatory Activity Beta 3
  • C-X-C Motif Chemokine 2 3
  • MGSA Beta 3
  • CINC-2a 3
  • MIP-2A 3
  • MGSA-B 3
  • MIP2 3

External Ids for CXCL2 Gene

Previous Symbols for CXCL2 Gene

  • GRO2

Summaries for CXCL2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CXCL2 Gene

  • This antimicrobial gene is part of a chemokine superfamily that encodes secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The superfamily is divided into four subfamilies based on the arrangement of the N-terminal cysteine residues of the mature peptide. This chemokine, a member of the CXC subfamily, is expressed at sites of inflammation and may suppress hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

GeneCards Summary for CXCL2 Gene

CXCL2 (Chemokine (C-X-C Motif) Ligand 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CXCL2 include acanthamoeba keratitis and stachybotrys chartarum. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Akt Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include chemokine activity. An important paralog of this gene is PF4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CXCL2 Gene

  • Produced by activated monocytes and neutrophils and expressed at sites of inflammation. Hematoregulatory chemokine, which, in vitro, suppresses hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation. GRO-beta(5-73) shows a highly enhanced hematopoietic activity.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CXCL2 Gene

Genomics for CXCL2 Gene

Genomic Location for CXCL2 Gene

74,097,035 bp from pter
74,099,293 bp from pter
2,259 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CXCL2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CXCL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CXCL2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CXCL2 Gene

Proteins for CXCL2 Gene

  • Protein details for CXCL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    C-X-C motif chemokine 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6FGD6
    • Q9UPB8

    Protein attributes for CXCL2 Gene

    107 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    11389 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CXCL2 Gene

neXtProt entry for CXCL2 Gene

Proteomics data for CXCL2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CXCL2 Gene

  • The N-terminal processed form GRO-beta(5-73) is produced by proteolytic cleavage after secretion from bone marrow stromal cells.

Other Protein References for CXCL2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CXCL2 Gene

Domains for CXCL2 Gene

Gene Families for CXCL2 Gene


Protein Domains for CXCL2 Gene


  • Belongs to the intercrine alpha (chemokine CxC) family.:
    • P19875
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CXCL2: view

Function for CXCL2 Gene

Molecular function for CXCL2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Produced by activated monocytes and neutrophils and expressed at sites of inflammation. Hematoregulatory chemokine, which, in vitro, suppresses hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation. GRO-beta(5-73) shows a highly enhanced hematopoietic activity.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CXCL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 18275857
GO:0008009 chemokine activity IEA --
GO:0045236 CXCR chemokine receptor binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CXCL2: view

Phenotypes for CXCL2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for CXCL2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CXCL2: view

miRNA for CXCL2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CXCL2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CXCL2 Gene

Localization for CXCL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CXCL2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CXCL2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CXCL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CXCL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CXCL2: view

Pathways for CXCL2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CXCL2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CXCL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002237 response to molecule of bacterial origin IDA 19912257
GO:0002690 positive regulation of leukocyte chemotaxis IBA --
GO:0006935 chemotaxis TAS 2643119
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006955 immune response IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CXCL2: view

Compounds for CXCL2 Gene


Pharmaceutical: GRO-beta(5-73) is available under the name Garnocestim as immunomodulator. It is used prior to hematopoietic transplantation for peripheral blood stem cell mobilization and reduction of incidence, duration, and/or severity of chemotherapy induced cytopenias

(41) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for CXCL2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
grobeta 92.1 26
grogamma 91.3 14
groalpha 81.6 11
rantes 73.5 35
ccl3 68.7 9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CXCL2: view

Transcripts for CXCL2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CXCL2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CXCL2 Gene

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CXCL2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CXCL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CXCL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CXCL2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CXCL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (19.8) and Lung (4.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CXCL2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CXCL2 Gene Hs.75765

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CXCL2: view

Orthologs for CXCL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CXCL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CXCL2 36
  • 98.44 (n)
  • 96.26 (a)
CXCL2 37
  • 96 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 82 (a)
CXCL2 36
  • 85.46 (n)
  • 82.98 (a)
CXCL3 37
  • 80 (a)
GRO1 37
  • 52 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cxcl1 36
  • 78.67 (n)
  • 72 (a)
Cxcl1 37
  • 65 (a)
Cxcl2 16
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 42 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 58 (a)
-- 37
  • 38 (a)
-- 37
  • 54 (a)
-- 37
  • 52 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cxcl1 36
  • 79.11 (n)
  • 73.33 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 37
  • 38 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 37
  • 39 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CXCL2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for CXCL2 Gene

Gene Tree for CXCL2 (if available)
Gene Tree for CXCL2 (if available)

Paralogs for CXCL2 Gene

Paralogs for CXCL2 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for CXCL2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CXCL2: view

Variants for CXCL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CXCL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs9131 -- 74,097,332(-) CCAGT(A/G)AGATC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1049806 -- 74,097,653(-) CCTGG(A/C)TTGCG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1837558 -- 74,097,867(-) ATTCA(A/G)AAAAC intron-variant
rs3806792 -- 74,099,557(+) CATCC(C/T)TACCG upstream-variant-2KB
rs5859414 -- 74,097,601(+) ATAAA(-/ATAA)TAAAT utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CXCL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv525980 CNV Gain 19592680

Relevant External Links for CXCL2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

Disorders for CXCL2 Gene

(33) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for CXCL2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
inflammation 65 19
bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 63 12
necrosis 58 53
pneumonia 53.2 2
pulmonary infection 41.3 1

Relevant External Links for CXCL2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CXCL2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CXCL2 Gene

Publications for CXCL2 Gene

  1. Identification of unique truncated KC/GRO beta chemokines with potent hematopoietic and anti-infective activities. (PMID: 10725737) King A.G. … Pelus L.M. (J. Immunol. 2000) 3 4 23
  2. Cloning and characterization of cDNAs for murine macrophage inflammatory protein 2 and its human homologues. (PMID: 2201751) Tekamp-Olson P. … Cerami A. (J. Exp. Med. 1990) 3 4 23
  3. Cloning and sequencing of a new gro transcript from activated human monocytes: expression in leukocytes and wound tissue. (PMID: 2078213) Iida N. … Grotendorst G.R. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1990) 3 4 23
  4. A CXCL2 polymorphism is associated with better outcomes in patients with severe sepsis. (PMID: 17944017) Villar J. … Kacmarek R.M. (Crit. Care Med. 2007) 3 23 49
  5. Identification of three related human GRO genes encoding cytokine functions. (PMID: 2217207) Haskill S. … Sager R. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1990) 2 3 4

Products for CXCL2 Gene

Sources for CXCL2 Gene

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