External Ids for CTSF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTSF Gene
Cathepsins are papain family cysteine proteinases that represent a major component of the lysosomal proteolytic system. Cathepsins generally contain a signal sequence, followed by a propeptide and then a catalytically active mature region. The very long (251 amino acid residues) proregion of the cathepsin F precursor contains a C-terminal domain similar to the pro-segment of cathepsin L-like enzymes, a 50-residue flexible linker peptide, and an N-terminal domain predicted to adopt a cystatin-like fold. The cathepsin F proregion is unique within the papain family cysteine proteases in that it contains this additional N-terminal segment predicted to share structural similarities with cysteine protease inhibitors of the cystatin superfamily. This cystatin-like domain contains some of the elements known to be important for inhibitory activity. CTSF encodes a predicted protein of 484 amino acids which contains a 19 residue signal peptide. Cathepsin F contains five potential N-glycosylation sites, and it may be targeted to the endosomal/lysosomal compartment via the mannose 6-phosphate receptor pathway. The cathepsin F gene is ubiquitously expressed, and it maps to chromosome 11q13, close to the gene encoding cathepsin W. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CTSF Gene
CTSF (Cathepsin F) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTSF include Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Neuronal, 13 and Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and MHC class II antigen presentation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase activity and cysteine-type peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CTSW.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTSF Gene
Thiol protease which is believed to participate in intracellular degradation and turnover of proteins. Has also been implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis.