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Aliases for CTPS2 Gene

Aliases for CTPS2 Gene

  • CTP Synthase 2 2 3 5
  • EC 6.3.4.2 4 61
  • UTP--Ammonia Ligase 2 4
  • CTP Synthetase 2 4
  • CTP Synthase II 2

External Ids for CTPS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTPS2 Gene

  • GC0XM016336
  • GC0XM015431
  • GC0XM015808
  • GC0XM015967
  • GC0XM016365
  • GC0XM016516
  • GC0XM014360

Summaries for CTPS2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CTPS2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the formation of CTP from UTP with the concomitant deamination of glutamine to glutamate. This protein is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of cytosine nucleotides, which play an important role in various metabolic processes and provide the precursors necessary for the synthesis of RNA and DNA. Cancer cells that exhibit increased cell proliferation also exhibit an increased activity of this encoded protein. Thus, this protein is an attractive target for selective chemotherapy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

GeneCards Summary for CTPS2 Gene

CTPS2 (CTP Synthase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTPS2 include Gliosarcoma. Among its related pathways are superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and CTP synthase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CTPS1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTPS2 Gene

  • Catalyzes the ATP-dependent amination of UTP to CTP with either L-glutamine or ammonia as the source of nitrogen. Constitutes the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of cytosine nucleotides.

Gene Wiki entry for CTPS2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CTPS2 Gene

Genomics for CTPS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CTPS2 Gene

Enhancers for CTPS2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH0XF016711 0.2 ENCODE 0.8 +0.8 774 2.4 ARID4B SIN3A YY1 GLIS2 GATA2 ZNF143 ZNF263 REST SMARCB1 ZNF610 CTPS2 S100G
GH0XF016664 0.7 ENCODE 0.2 +48.6 48647 0.2 CTCF RAD21 S100G CTPS2
GH0XF016665 0.2 ENCODE 0.2 +47.3 47333 2.2 CTCF BHLHE40 RAD21 YY1 TEAD3 ZNF121 JUND NR2F6 FOS ZNF600 S100G CTPS2
GH0XF016649 0.2 ENCODE 0.2 +61.0 60978 5.0 CTCF ZNF654 CEBPB CEBPG REST ZBTB40 RAD21 ZNF316 MAFF ZNF366 S100G CTPS2
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around CTPS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CTPS2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000070781 678 2200 ARID4B SIN3A YY1 GLIS2 GATA2 ZNF143 ZNF263 REST SMARCB1 ZNF610

Genomic Location for CTPS2 Gene

Chromosome:
X
Start:
16,587,999 bp from pter
End:
16,712,979 bp from pter
Size:
124,981 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CTPS2 Gene

Genes around CTPS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CTPS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CTPS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CTPS2 Gene

Proteins for CTPS2 Gene

  • Protein details for CTPS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9NRF8-PYRG2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    CTP synthase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9NRF8
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KWM2
    • Q9BRI0
    • Q9H809
    • Q9H8K9

    Protein attributes for CTPS2 Gene

    Size:
    586 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65678 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CTPS2 Gene

neXtProt entry for CTPS2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for CTPS2 Gene

Q9NRF8:
  • KERRGDY
  • EAFRQFQFK
  • TTGKIYQ
  • GLSPDLIVCRS
  • EERHRHR
  • GGTMRLG
  • KIDPYIN
  • GTILKSCGL
  • HEAWQKLC
  • YLGKTVQ
  • GVQFHPEF
  • VPGGFGIRG
  • KALEHSALAI
  • GGVISGIGKG
  • ERRGDYLG
  • DMPEHNPG
  • ILVPGGF
  • VINKERRG
  • GGTIGDIE
  • VTAIKIDPY
  • AVIEFAR
  • DLDLGNYER
  • IHVSLVP
  • NITTGKIY
  • TGEQKTKPTQNSVR
  • EHGEVFV
  • HGEVFVL
  • LRGLGLSPDL
  • VKEKISMFCHV
  • IASSIGTILKS
  • CLGMQLAV
  • HDVSSTY
  • GNYERFLD
  • DPYINID
  • TVQVVPH
  • PYEHGEV
  • GDIEGMP
  • MADRYERL
  • CSIALVGKYTK

Post-translational modifications for CTPS2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 264
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for CTPS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CTPS2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9NRF8

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PYRG2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 glutamine amidotransferase type-1 domain.
  • Belongs to the CTP synthase family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 glutamine amidotransferase type-1 domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the CTP synthase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CTPS2: view

No data available for Gene Families for CTPS2 Gene

Function for CTPS2 Gene

Molecular function for CTPS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + UTP + L-glutamine = ADP + phosphate + CTP + L-glutamate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the ATP-dependent amination of UTP to CTP with either L-glutamine or ammonia as the source of nitrogen. Constitutes the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of cytosine nucleotides.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CTPS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CTPS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003883 CTP synthase activity EXP,TAS 10899599
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016874 ligase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CTPS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CTPS2: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for CTPS2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CTPS2 Gene

Localization for CTPS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CTPS2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CTPS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
cytoskeleton 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CTPS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CTPS2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTPS2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CTPS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CTPS2: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9NRF8-PYRG2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Pyrimidine metabolism; CTP biosynthesis via de novo pathway; CTP from UDP: step 2/2.

SIGNOR curated interactions for CTPS2 Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CTPS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006220 pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process TAS 10899599
GO:0006221 pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006241 CTP biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006541 glutamine metabolic process IEA --
GO:0015949 nucleobase-containing small molecule interconversion TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CTPS2: view

Drugs & Compounds for CTPS2 Gene

(8) Drugs for CTPS2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Famotidine Approved Pharma Histamine H2-receptor antagonist 59
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra Full agonist, Agonist 0

(3) Additional Compounds for CTPS2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
Ammonia
  • Ammonia anhydrous
  • Ammonia inhalant
  • Ammonia solution strong [usan]
  • Ammonia water
  • Ammoniak
7664-41-7
Phosphate
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
14265-44-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CTPS2: view

Transcripts for CTPS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CTPS2 Gene

CTP synthase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CTPS2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23a ·
SP1: - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7: - -

ExUns: 23b · 23c ^ 24a · 24b
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:

Relevant External Links for CTPS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CTPS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CTPS2

Expression for CTPS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for CTPS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CTPS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal gut (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for CTPS2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CTPS2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CTPS2 Gene:

CTPS2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CTPS2 Gene:

Hs.227049
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CTPS2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CTPS2 Gene

Orthologs for CTPS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for CTPS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CTPS2 34 35
  • 99.32 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CTPS2 34 35
  • 92.61 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CTPS2 34 35
  • 91.75 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CTPS2 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ctps2 34 16 35
  • 87.6 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ctps2 34
  • 87.6 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CTPS2 35
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CTPS2 34 35
  • 77.42 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CTPS2 35
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ctps2 34
  • 73.31 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CTPsyn 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0E05545g 34
  • 58.24 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AGL320C 34
  • 57.56 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes URA7 34 35
  • 57.26 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT1G30820 34
  • 58.72 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3483 35
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes cts1 34
  • 57.59 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU00261 34
  • 54.36 (n)
Species where no ortholog for CTPS2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for CTPS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CTPS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CTPS2 (if available)

Paralogs for CTPS2 Gene

Paralogs for CTPS2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for CTPS2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CTPS2: view

Variants for CTPS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CTPS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10126950 -- 16,673,432(+) cagta(C/T)tttct intron-variant
rs10156939 -- 16,692,372(+) tgagg(G/T)gggag intron-variant
rs1048392 -- 16,609,633(-) AGGCC(A/G)ATGAA nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs10588742 -- 16,682,970(+) GTGAG(-/TTC)TTCTG intron-variant
rs10604869 -- 16,698,557(+) TTTTG(-/TTT)TTTTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CTPS2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33194 CNV loss 17666407
esv33814 CNV gain 17666407
esv3573611 CNV loss 25503493
nsv438125 CNV loss 16468122
nsv6814 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv6815 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv6816 CNV insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for CTPS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 31.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.55; 11.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CTPS2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CTPS2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTPS2 Gene

Disorders for CTPS2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CTPS2 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
gliosarcoma
  • glioblastoma with sarcomatous component
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CTPS2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CTPS2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CTPS2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CTPS2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CTPS2 Gene

Publications for CTPS2 Gene

  1. Expression of human CTP synthetase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals phosphorylation by protein kinase A. (PMID: 16179339) Han G.-S. … Carman G.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2005) 3 4 22 64
  2. Identification of a cDNA encoding an isoform of human CTP synthetase. (PMID: 10899599) van Kuilenburg A.B.P. … van Gennip A.H. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2000) 2 3 4 64
  3. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PMID: 17081983) Olsen J.V. … Mann M. (Cell 2006) 3 4 64
  4. The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome. (PMID: 15772651) Ross M.T. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2005) 3 4 64
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for CTPS2 Gene

Sources for CTPS2 Gene

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