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Aliases for CTNS Gene

Aliases for CTNS Gene

  • Cystinosin, Lysosomal Cystine Transporter 2 3 5
  • Cystinosis, Nephropathic 2
  • Cystinosis Nephropathic 3
  • CTNS-LSB 3
  • PQLC4 3

External Ids for CTNS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTNS Gene

  • GC17P003854
  • GC17P003490
  • GC17P003746
  • GC17P003486
  • GC17P003431

Summaries for CTNS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CTNS Gene

  • This gene encodes a seven-transmembrane domain protein that functions to transport cystine out of lysosomes. Its activity is driven by the H+ electrochemical gradient of the lysosomal membrane. Mutations in this gene cause cystinosis, a lysosomal storage disorder. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]

GeneCards Summary for CTNS Gene

CTNS (Cystinosin, Lysosomal Cystine Transporter) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTNS include cystinosis, nephropathic and cystinosis, late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Lysosome. GO annotations related to this gene include L-cystine transmembrane transporter activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTNS Gene

  • Cystine/H(+) symporter thought to transport cystine out of lysosomes. Plays an important role in melanin synthesis, possibly by preventing melanosome acidification and subsequent degradation of tyrosinase TYR.

Gene Wiki entry for CTNS Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CTNS Gene

Genomics for CTNS Gene

Regulatory Elements for CTNS Gene

Promoters for CTNS Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CTNS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for CTNS Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
3,636,468 bp from pter
End:
3,663,103 bp from pter
Size:
26,636 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CTNS Gene

Genes around CTNS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CTNS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CTNS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CTNS Gene

Proteins for CTNS Gene

  • Protein details for CTNS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O60931-CTNS_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Cystinosin
    Protein Accession:
    O60931
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DTJ5
    • Q8IZ01
    • Q9UNK6

    Protein attributes for CTNS Gene

    Size:
    367 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    41738 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for CTNS Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CTNS Gene

Proteomics data for CTNS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CTNS Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 36, Asn 41, Asn 51, Asn 66, Asn 84, Asn 104, and Asn 107
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CTNS Gene

Domains & Families for CTNS Gene

Protein Domains for CTNS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CTNS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O60931

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CTNS_HUMAN :
  • Contains 2 PQ-loop domains.
  • Belongs to the cystinosin family.
Domain:
  • Contains 2 PQ-loop domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the cystinosin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CTNS: view

No data available for Gene Families for CTNS Gene

Function for CTNS Gene

Molecular function for CTNS Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
cytinosin,strongly expressed in pancreas,kidney,skeletal muscle,homolog to C elegans C41C4.7 protein and yeast ERS1,involved in cystine transport across the lysosomal membrane
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Cystine/H(+) symporter thought to transport cystine out of lysosomes. Plays an important role in melanin synthesis, possibly by preventing melanosome acidification and subsequent degradation of tyrosinase TYR.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CTNS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CTNS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for CTNS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CTNS:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CTNS Gene

Localization for CTNS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTNS Gene

Isoform 1: Lysosome membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Melanosome.
Isoform 2: Lysosome membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CTNS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CTNS gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
endosome 5
extracellular 5
lysosome 5
plasma membrane 5
vacuole 5
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CTNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane TAS --
GO:0005769 NOT early endosome IDA 11150305
GO:0005770 late endosome IDA 15128704
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CTNS: view

Pathways & Interactions for CTNS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CTNS: view

Interacting Proteins for CTNS Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000371294%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000006777%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000216085%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000344779%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000371294 for CTNS Gene via STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CTNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006520 cellular amino acid metabolic process NAS 9537412
GO:0006811 ion transport TAS --
GO:0007420 brain development IMP 17471495
GO:0007616 long-term memory IEA --
GO:0007625 grooming behavior IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CTNS: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CTNS Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CTNS Gene

(1) Drugs for CTNS Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Cystine Approved Nutra Target 0

(2) Additional Compounds for CTNS Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CTNS: view

Transcripts for CTNS Gene

Unigene Clusters for CTNS Gene

Cystinosin, lysosomal cystine transporter:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CTNS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: -
SP6: -
SP7: - - - - -

Relevant External Links for CTNS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CTNS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CTNS

Expression for CTNS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CTNS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CTNS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for CTNS Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CTNS Gene Hs.187667

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CTNS Gene

O60931-CTNS_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Strongly expressed in pancreas, kidney (adult and fetal), skeletal muscle, melanocytes and keratinocytes. Expressed at lower levels in placenta and heart. Weakly expressed in lung, liver and brain (adult and fetal). Isoform 2 represents 5-20 % of CTNS transcripts, with the exception of the testis that expresses both isoforms in equal proportions.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CTNS: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CTNS Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for CTNS Gene

Orthologs for CTNS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for CTNS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CTNS 35
  • 87.66 (n)
  • 85.08 (a)
CTNS 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CTNS 35
  • 87.29 (n)
  • 84.53 (a)
CTNS 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ctns 35
  • 83.24 (n)
  • 83.98 (a)
Ctns 16
Ctns 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CTNS 35
  • 93.38 (n)
  • 91.71 (a)
CTNS 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ctns 35
  • 83.06 (n)
  • 82.04 (a)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CTNS 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CTNS 35
  • 67.84 (n)
  • 70.59 (a)
CTNS 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ctns 35
  • 64.12 (n)
  • 66.18 (a)
Str.5735 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ctns 35
  • 64.05 (n)
  • 61.06 (a)
Dr.16073 35
ctns 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG17119 37
  • 49 (a)
CG17119 35
  • 55.86 (n)
  • 49.66 (a)
CG17119 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004115 35
  • 58.67 (n)
  • 54.07 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ctns-1 35
  • 51.37 (n)
  • 47.54 (a)
ctns-1 36
  • 33 (a)
OneToOne
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ERS1 36
  • 28 (a)
OneToOne
ERS1 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G40670 35
  • 51.84 (n)
  • 45.67 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os12g0278700 35
  • 51.36 (n)
  • 45.12 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.7965 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01250 35
  • 49.74 (n)
  • 41.02 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for CTNS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CTNS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CTNS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CTNS (if available)

Paralogs for CTNS Gene

No data available for Paralogs for CTNS Gene

Variants for CTNS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CTNS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_010285 -
VAR_010286 Cystinosis, nephropathic type (CTNS)
VAR_010287 Cystinosis, late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic type (CTNSJAN)
VAR_010288 Cystinosis, late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic type (CTNSJAN)
VAR_010677 Cystinosis, nephropathic type (CTNS)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CTNS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv907565 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv516676 CNV Gain+Loss 19592680
esv2662762 CNV Deletion 23128226
dgv358n27 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv833342 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv1947 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv907569 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for CTNS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 82.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.07; 68.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CTNS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CTNS
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CTNS

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTNS Gene

Disorders for CTNS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for CTNS Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cystinosis, nephropathic
  • cystinosis, atypical nephropathic
cystinosis, late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic
  • intermediate cystinosis
cystinosis, ocular nonnephropathic
  • cystinosis, adult, nonnephropathic
non-nephropathic cystinosis
  • cystinosis, benign/adult-onset
juvenile nephropathic cystinosis
  • intermediate cystinosis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CTNS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CTNS_HUMAN
  • Cystinosis, adult, non-nephropathic type (CTNSANN) [MIM:219750]: A form of cystinosis, a lysosomal storage disease due to defective transport of cystine across the lysosomal membrane. This results in cystine accumulation and crystallization in the cells causing widespread tissue damage. Cystinosis adult non-nephropathic type is characterized by ocular features and a benign course. Patients manifest mild photophobia due to conjunctival and corneal cystine crystals. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10625078}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Cystinosis, late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic type (CTNSJAN) [MIM:219900]: A form of cystinosis, a lysosomal storage disease due to defective transport of cystine across the lysosomal membrane. This results in cystine accumulation and crystallization in the cells causing widespread tissue damage. Late-onset juvenile or adolescent nephropathic cystinosis is an intermediated form, manifesting first at age 10 to 12 years with proteinuria due to glomerular damage rather than with the manifestations of tubular damage that occur first in infantile cystinosis. There is no excess amino aciduria and stature is normal. Photophobia, late development of pigmentary retinopathy, and chronic headaches are features. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10444339, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12442267, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9792862}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Cystinosis, nephropathic type (CTNS) [MIM:219800]: A form of cystinosis, a lysosomal storage disease due to defective transport of cystine across the lysosomal membrane. This results in cystine accumulation and crystallization in the cells causing widespread tissue damage. The classical nephropathic form has onset in the first year of life and is characterized by a polyuro-polydipsic syndrome, marked height-weight growth delay, generalized impaired proximal tubular reabsorptive capacity, with severe fluid-electrolyte balance alterations, renal failure, ocular symptoms and other systemic complications. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10482956, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10556299, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12204010, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12442267, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12825071, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19852576, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21786142, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22450360, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9792862}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for CTNS Gene

cystinosis,infantile,nephropathic type

Relevant External Links for CTNS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CTNS
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CTNS
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CTNS
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CTNS: view

Publications for CTNS Gene

  1. A novel gene encoding an integral membrane protein is mutated in nephropathic cystinosis. (PMID: 9537412) Town M. … Antignac C. (Nat. Genet. 1998) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Molecular pathogenesis of cystinosis: effect of CTNS mutations on the transport activity and subcellular localization of cystinosin. (PMID: 15128704) Kalatzis V. … Antignac C. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2004) 2 3 23
  3. Modulation of CTNS gene expression by intracellular thiols. (PMID: 20079424) Bellomo F. … Taranta A. (Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2010) 3 23
  4. Analysis of CTNS gene transcripts in nephropathic cystinosis. (PMID: 20352457) Taranta A. … Emma F. (Pediatr. Nephrol. 2010) 3 23
  5. A futile cycle, formed between two ATP-dependant gamma-glutamyl cycle enzymes, gamma-glutamyl cysteine synthetase and 5-oxoprolinase: the cause of cellular ATP depletion in nephrotic cystinosis? (PMID: 20413906) Kumar A. … Bachhawat A.K. (J. Biosci. 2010) 3 23

Products for CTNS Gene

Sources for CTNS Gene

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