Aliases for CTC1 Gene
External Ids for CTC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CTC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CTC1 Gene
This gene encodes a component of the CST complex. This complex plays an essential role in protecting telomeres from degradation. This protein also forms a heterodimer with the CST complex subunit STN1 to form the enzyme alpha accessory factor. This enzyme regulates DNA replication. Mutations in this gene are the cause of cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts. Alternate splicing results in both coding and non-coding variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]
GeneCards Summary for CTC1 Gene
CTC1 (CTS Telomere Maintenance Complex Component 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CTC1 include cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts and dyskeratosis congenita. GO annotations related to this gene include single-stranded DNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CTC1 Gene
Component of the CST complex proposed to act as a specialized replication factor promoting DNA replication under conditions of replication stress or natural replication barriers such as the telomere duplex. The CST complex binds single-stranded DNA with high affinity in a sequence-independent manner, while isolated subunits bind DNA with low affinity by themselves. Initially the CST complex has been proposed to protect telomeres from DNA degradation (PubMed:19854130). However, the CST complex has been shown to be involved in several aspects of telomere replication. The CST complex inhibits telomerase and is involved in telomere length homeostasis; it is proposed to bind to newly telomerase-synthesized 3 overhangs and to terminate telomerase action implicating the association with the ACD:POT1 complex thus interfering with its telomerase stimulation activity. The CST complex is also proposed to be involved in fill-in synthesis of the telomeric C-strand probably implicating recruitment and activation of DNA polymerase alpha (PubMed:22763445). The CST complex facilitates recovery from many forms of exogenous DNA damage; seems to be involved in the re-initiation of DNA replication at repaired forks and/or dormant origins (PubMed:25483097). Involved in telomere maintenance (PubMed:19854131, PubMed:22863775). Involved in genome stability (PubMed:22863775). May be in involved in telomeric C-strand fill-in during late S/G2 phase (By similarity).