Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for CSTL1 Gene

Aliases for CSTL1 Gene

  • Cystatin-Like 1 2 3
  • RCET11 3 4
  • DJ322G13.4 3
  • CTES1 3

External Ids for CSTL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSTL1 Gene

  • GC20P023408
  • GC20P023415

Summaries for CSTL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CSTL1 Gene

  • The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions. The cystatin locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located at the telomeric end of the cystatin locus and encodes a type 2 cystatin-like protein. The specific function of this protein has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CSTL1 Gene

CSTL1 (Cystatin-Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CST2.

Gene Wiki entry for CSTL1 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CSTL1 Gene

Genomics for CSTL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CSTL1 Gene

Genomic Location for CSTL1 Gene

23,439,685 bp from pter
23,444,930 bp from pter
5,246 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for CSTL1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CSTL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CSTL1 Gene

Proteins for CSTL1 Gene

  • Protein details for CSTL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Cystatin-like 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q17RA8
    • Q64FF7

    Protein attributes for CSTL1 Gene

    145 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    16989 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for CSTL1 Gene

Proteomics data for CSTL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CSTL1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn42, Asn54, Asn57, Asn94, Asn98, and Asn131
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CSTL1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CSTL1 Gene

Domains for CSTL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CSTL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9H114
  • Belongs to the cystatin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CSTL1: view

No data available for Gene Families for CSTL1 Gene

Function for CSTL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CSTL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004869 cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CSTL1: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CSTL1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CSTL1 Gene

Localization for CSTL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSTL1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CSTL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CSTL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CSTL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CSTL1: view

Pathways for CSTL1 Gene

SuperPathways for CSTL1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for CSTL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CSTL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0010951 negative regulation of endopeptidase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CSTL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for CSTL1 Gene

Transcripts for CSTL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CSTL1 Gene

(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CSTL1 Gene

Cystatin-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CSTL1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CSTL1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CSTL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CSTL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CSTL1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CSTL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (44.5).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CSTL1 Gene Hs.352134

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CSTL1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Expression partners for CSTL1 Gene

Orthologs for CSTL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CSTL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CSTL1 35
  • 69.98 (n)
  • 60.28 (a)
CSTL1 36
  • 61 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CSTL1 35
  • 82.24 (n)
  • 73.72 (a)
CSTL1 36
  • 72 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cstl1 35
  • 80.51 (n)
  • 74.58 (a)
Cstl1 16
Cstl1 36
  • 69 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CSTL1 35
  • 98.8 (n)
  • 97.3 (a)
CSTL1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cstl1 35
  • 79.94 (n)
  • 72.88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves gga-mir-3526 36
  • 25 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 26 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cst3 36
  • 24 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CSTL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CSTL1 Gene

Gene Tree for CSTL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for CSTL1 (if available)

Paralogs for CSTL1 Gene

Paralogs for CSTL1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for CSTL1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CSTL1: view

Variants for CSTL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CSTL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2277765 -- 23,444,526(+) GGGTC(C/T)GGCCA intron-variant
rs2277766 -- 23,444,547(+) TCCAG(A/G)TTCAC intron-variant
rs2424556 -- 23,438,919(+) AACAA(C/T)GCTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs2424557 -- 23,441,522(+) CTGAA(C/G)TCTTT intron-variant
rs3746736 - 23,443,976(+) TTGGC(C/T)GGACC missense, reference

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CSTL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4559n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv912820 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
nsv470544 CNV Gain 18288195

Relevant External Links for CSTL1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSTL1 Gene

Disorders for CSTL1 Gene

Relevant External Links for CSTL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)

No disorders were found for CSTL1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for CSTL1 Gene

Publications for CSTL1 Gene

  1. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20. (PMID: 11780052) Deloukas P. … Rogers J. (Nature 2001) 3 4
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  3. Evolution and human tissue expression of the Cres/Testatin subgroup genes, a reproductive tissue specific subgroup of the type 2 cystatins. (PMID: 20565543) Frygelius J. … TAPhAPnen V. (Evol. Dev. 2010) 2 3
  4. High-resolution whole-genome association study of Parkinson disease. (PMID: 16252231) Maraganore D.M. … Ballinger D.G. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2005) 48
  5. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3

Products for CSTL1 Gene

Sources for CSTL1 Gene

Back to Top