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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

CST1 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 61
GCID: GC20M023728

Cystatin SN

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Cystatin SN1 2     cystatin-12
Salivary Cystatin-SA-12 3     cystatin-SN2
cystain-SA-I2     Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitor, Type 2 Family2
Cystatin 12     Cystain-SA-I3
Cystatin SA-I2     Cystatin-13

External Ids:    HGNC: 24731   Entrez Gene: 14692   Ensembl: ENSG000001703737   OMIM: 1238555   UniProtKB: P010373   

Export aliases for CST1 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC20M023716 GC20M023676 GC20M023723 GC20M023687


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for CST1 Gene:
The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members
are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory
activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type
2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found
in a variety of human fluids and secretions, where they appear to provide protective functions. The cystatin
locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located
in the cystatin locus and encodes a cysteine proteinase inhibitor found in saliva, tears, urine, and seminal
fluid. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for CST1 Gene: 
CST1 (cystatin SN) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with CST1 include denture stomatitis, and dental caries, and among its related super-pathways are Gastric acid secretion. GO annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CST4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: CYTN_HUMAN, P01037
Function: Human saliva appears to contain several cysteine proteinase inhibitors that are immunologically related
to cystatin S but that differ in their specificity due to amino acid sequence differences. Cystatin SN, with a pI
of 7.5, is a much better inhibitor of papain and dipeptidyl peptidase I than is cystatin S, although both inhibit
ficin equally well

Gene Wiki entry for CST1 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000020.10  NC_018931.2  NT_011387.8  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the CST1 gene promoter:
         COUP-TF1   COUP   HNF-4alpha2   HNF-4alpha1   COUP-TF   POU2F1   POU2F1a   Zic1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidCST1 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for CST1

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat CST1


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 20p11.21   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  20p11.21   HGNC cytogenetic band: 20p11.2

CST1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
CST1 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 20         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC20M023728:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
23,728,190 bp from pter      End:
23,731,905 bp from pter
Size:
3,716 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: CYTN_HUMAN, P01037 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Cystatin-SN precursor  
Size: 141 amino acids; 16388 Da
Subcellular location: Secreted
Mass spectrometry: Mass=14303.1553; Mass_error=0.0675; Method=Electrospray; Range=21-141; Source=PubMed:20189825;
Mass spectrometry: Mass=14319.171; Mass_error=0.0523; Method=Electrospray; Range=21-141; Note=Variant Leu-31;
Source=PubMed:20189825;
Secondary accessions: Q96LE6 Q9UCQ6

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for CST1: NX_P01037

Explore proteomics data for CST1 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_P01037

  • CST1 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    CST1 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_001889.2  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000305731   ENSP00000381439  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for CST1: 
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    Sino Biological Recombinant Protein for CST1
    Sino Biological Cell Lysate for CST1 
    ProSpec Recombinant Protein for CST1
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for CST1 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005576extracellular region IEA--

    CST1 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    3 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR018073 Prot_inh_cystat_CS
     IPR000010 Prot_inh_cystat
     IPR027214 Cystatin

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry P01037

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: P01037

    3 Blocks protein domains:
    IPB000010 Cysteine protease inhibitor
    IPB001005 Myb DNA-binding domain
    IPB003243 Proteinase inhibitor I25A and I25B


    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: CYTN_HUMAN, P01037
    Similarity: Belongs to the cystatin family


    CST1 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: CYTN_HUMAN, P01037
    Function: Human saliva appears to contain several cysteine proteinase inhibitors that are immunologically related
    to cystatin S but that differ in their specificity due to amino acid sequence differences. Cystatin SN, with a pI
    of 7.5, is a much better inhibitor of papain and dipeptidyl peptidase I than is cystatin S, although both inhibit
    ficin equally well

         Genatlas biochemistry entry for CST1:
    cystatin SN,cysteine proteinase inhibitor,type 2 family

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0004869cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity IEA--
         
    CST1 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for CST1:
     Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory 

    Animal Models:
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section

    SuperPaths for CST1 About                                                                                                See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Gastric acid secretion
    Salivary secretion0.34

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways




    1         Kegg Pathway  (Kegg details for CST1):
        Salivary secretion


    CST1 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for CST1

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see more details)

    1 Interacting protein for CST1 (P010373 ENSP000003057314) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    SOD2P041793, ENSP000003371274I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000337127
    About this table

    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section

    CST1 for compounds           About GeneDecksing

    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for CST1 (CYTN)

    3 Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for CST1 gene    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    kininogen 63.9 4 9099741 (1), 2107324 (1)
    cysteine 62.1 15 10439027 (3), 19463800 (2), 8428660 (1), 9099741 (1) (see all 9)
    iptg 45.6 2 7822260 (1)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about CST1 / CYTN

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
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    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for CST1 gene: 
    NM_001898.2  

    Unigene Cluster for CST1:

    Cystatin SN
    Hs.123114  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: BU839412
    2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000304749(uc002wtp.3) ENST00000398402
    miRNA
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    Inhib. RNA
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    Primer
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      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat CST1

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    BC021225.2 J03870.1 

    10 DOTS entries:

    DT.97759874  DT.91721790  DT.100781828  DT.120823084  DT.120823092  DT.120823095  DT.120823099  DT.97759875 
    DT.99999111  DT.120823070 

    24/198 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 198):

    BC074952 BX485701 NM_001899 AI648499 BC074953 NM_001898 CD721796 CK429248 
    CD721927 BP333792 BP334029 BV203402 BP334083 BP334853 BP335115 BF689815 
    BP334812 BG403934 BP334936 CB957799 BP334716 BP334674 BP334734 BG290406 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    CST1 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      CST1 embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GTACACACCC
    CST1 Expression
    About this image


    CST1 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/13 selected tissues (see all 13) fully expand
     
     Oral Cavity (Gastrointestinal Tract)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             salivary gland ; glandular cells   
             salivary gland   
     
     Uncategorized (Uncategorized)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             PureStem Progenitor EN7
     
     Heart (Cardiovascular System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             DKK1-induced cells ( Derivation of cardiomyocytes from pluripotent stem cells and...
             Coronary Artery Smooth Muscle Cells (CASMC)   
     
     Inner Cell Mass (Early Embryonic Tissues)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             hIPS1
     
     Fibroblast (Uncategorized)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             Human Gingival Fibroblasts (HGF)   

    See CST1 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for CST1

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.123114

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: CYTN_HUMAN, P01037
    Tissue specificity: Expressed in submandibular and sublingual saliva but not in parotid saliva (at protein level).
    Expressed in saliva, tears, urine and seminal fluid

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    In Situ
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for CST1

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for CST1 gene from 3/9 species (see all 9)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves gga-mir-35266
    gga-mir-3526
    38(a)
    1 → many
    3(14928612-14932913)
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia --
    Uncharacterized protein
    38(a)
    1 → many
    4(82204275-82217421)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii cst36
    zgc:1630306
    zgc:163030
    34(a)
    30(a)
    many ↔ many
    many ↔ many
    13(33900031-33908388)
    13(33894411-33896169)
            Species with no ortholog for CST1

    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for CST1 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for CST1 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for CST1 gene
    CST42  CST22  CSTL12  CST82  CST32  CST52  CST112  
    10 SIMAP similar genes for CST1 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     CYTN_HUMAN:
    CST4    CST2    CST5    CST3    CST8    CST11
    CSTL1    CST6    CST7    CST9LP1

    CST1 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/275 SNPs in CST1 are shown (see all 275)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 20 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs60365161,2
    C,F,A,H--23727697(+) GTAGGG/TGCCTA 1 -- ds50016Minor allele frequency- T:0.35WA NA CSA EA 363
    rs1914473931,2
    --23727700(+) GGTGCC/TTAAAG 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1464827891,2
    --23727715(+) CTGTGC/GAAAGA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1408994391,2
    C--23727727(+) CTACAC/TGTTGA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1156640801,2
    F--23727734(+) TTGATC/TGCTGT 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- T:0.07WA 118
    rs43315841,2
    C,F,A,H--23727735(+) TGATCG/ACTGTC 1 -- ds500110Minor allele frequency- A:0.14NS EA NA WA 782
    rs116992151,2
    C,F,H--23727744(+) TCTATT/ATAGTG 1 -- ds50017Minor allele frequency- A:0.17WA NA CSA EA 365
    rs60490671,2
    C,F,A,H--23727828(+) CCTGGG/CGAGCT 1 -- ds500115Minor allele frequency- C:0.36NS EA NA CSA WA 921
    rs1497387361,2
    --23727880(+) CTCCTC/TGTGGT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs45055981,2
    C,F,H--23727917(+) CAGCCC/TAGCTT 1 -- ds500118Minor allele frequency- T:0.04NS EA NA WA CSA 817

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for CST1 (23728190 - 23731905 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 10/12 variations for CST1 (see all 12):    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv2667835CNV Deletion23128226
    dgv698e201CNV Deletion23290073
    esv2722309CNV Deletion23290073
    esv2722303CNV Deletion23290073
    dgv697e201CNV Deletion23290073
    nsv458953CNV Loss19166990
    nsv912822CNV Loss21882294
    nsv515880CNV Loss19592680
    nsv518208CNV Gain19592680
    esv33509CNV Gain17666407

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 123855    OMIM disorders: --

    12 diseases for CST1:    About MalaCards
    denture stomatitis    dental caries    cerebral hemorrhage    keratitis
    periodontal disease    stomatitis    gingivitis    periodontitis
    cerebritis    insulin resistance    gastric cancer    colorectal cancer

    1 disease from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for CST1:
    Denture stomatitis

    CST1 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    1 Novoseek inferred disease relationship for CST1 gene    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    inflammation 0 1 17044913 (1)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): CST1
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: CST1 (3 documents)

    Export disorders for CST1 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for CST1 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 56):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with CST1)
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    1. Identification of full-sized forms of salivary (S-type) cystatins (cystatin SN, cystatin SA, cystatin S, and two phosphorylated forms of cystatin S) in human whole saliva and determination of phosphorylation sites of cystatin S. (PubMed id 1778989)1, 2, 9 Isemura S.... Minakata K. (1991)
    2. A variation in the cerebroside sulfotransferase gene is linked to exercise-modified insulin resistance and to type 2 diabetes. (PubMed id 19587831)1, 4 Roeske-Nielsen A....Lindblad U. (2009)
    3. Association study between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 199 drug-related genes and commonly measured quantitative traits of 752 healthy Japanese subjects. (PubMed id 19343046)1, 4 Saito A....Kamatani N. (2009)
    4. Signal peptide prediction based on analysis of experimentally verified cleavage sites. (PubMed id 15340161)1, 2 Zhang Z. and Henzel W.J. (2004)
    5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    6. Newly identified proteins in human nasal lavage fluid from non- smokers and smokers using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting. (PubMed id 11788998)1, 2 Ghafouri B.... Lindahl M. (2002)
    7. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20. (PubMed id 11780052)1, 2 Deloukas P....Rogers J. (2001)
    8. Cystatin superfamily. Evidence that family II cystatin genes are evolutionarily related to family III cystatin genes. (PubMed id 3202964)1, 2 Saitoh E.... Maeda N. (1988)
    9. Purification, molecular cloning, and sequencing of salivary cystatin SA-1. (PubMed id 2837486)1, 2 Al-Hashimi I.... Levine M.J. (1988)
    10. Human cysteine-proteinase inhibitors: nucleotide sequence analysis of three members of the cystatin gene family. (PubMed id 3446578)1, 2 Saitoh E.... Maeda N. (1987)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 1469 HGNC: 2473 AceView: CST1andCST4 Ensembl:ENSG00000170373 euGenes: HUgn1469
    ECgene: CST1 Kegg: 1469 H-InvDB: CST1

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for CST1 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for CST1 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving CST1

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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