Aliases for CSNK2B Gene
External Ids for CSNK2B Gene
This gene encodes the beta subunit of casein kinase II, a ubiquitous protein kinase which regulates metabolic pathways, signal transduction, transcription, translation, and replication. The enzyme is composed of three subunits, alpha, alpha prime and beta, which form a tetrameric holoenzyme. The alpha and alpha prime subunits are catalytic, while the beta subunit serves regulatory functions. The enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2013]
GeneCards Summary for CSNK2B Gene
CSNK2B (Casein Kinase 2, Beta Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CSNK2B include egg allergy. Among its related pathways are L1CAM interactions and NF-KappaB Family Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000263020.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSNK2B Gene
Participates in Wnt signaling (By similarity). Plays a complex role in regulating the basal catalytic activity of the alpha subunit.
Casein kinase II (CK2) is a constitutively active, ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine protein kinase that is thought to have a regulatory function in cell proliferation, cell differentiation and apoptosis. CK2 functions as a tetrameric complex consisting of two regulatory beta-subunits and two catalytic units (alpha and alpha) in a homomeric or heteromeric conformation. Whilst the alpha- and alpha-subunits are catalytically identical, proteins that regulate CK2, such as cdc2 and Hsp90, preferentially bind to the alpha and not the alpha-subunit. CK2 can phosphorylate a number of key intracellular signaling proteins implicated in tumor suppression (p53 and PTEN) and tumorigenesis (myc, jun, NF-kappaB). CK2 is also thought to influence Wnt signaling via beta-catenin phosphorylation and the PI 3-K signaling pathway via the phosphorylation of Akt.