Aliases for CSNK1G2 Gene
External Ids for CSNK1G2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CSNK1G2 Gene
GeneCards Summary for CSNK1G2 Gene
CSNK1G2 (Casein Kinase 1 Gamma 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CSNK1G3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CSNK1G2 Gene
Serine/threonine-protein kinase. Casein kinases are operationally defined by their preferential utilization of acidic proteins such as caseins as substrates. It can phosphorylate a large number of proteins. Participates in Wnt signaling. Phosphorylates COL4A3BP/CERT, MTA1 and SMAD3. Involved in brain development and vesicular trafficking and neurotransmitter releasing from small synaptic vesicles. Regulates fast synaptic transmission mediated by glutamate. SMAD3 phosphorylation promotes its ligand-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome degradation, thus inhibiting SMAD3-mediated TGF-beta responses. Hyperphosphorylation of the serine-repeat motif of COL4A3BP/CERT leads to its inactivation by dissociation from the Golgi complex, thus down-regulating ER-to-Golgi transport of ceramide and sphingomyelin synthesis. Triggers PER1 proteasomal degradation probably through phosphorylation.
Casein kinase I (CK1) is a monomeric serine-threonine protein kinase with 7 isoforms: alpha, beta, gamma1, gamma2, gamma3, delta and epsilon. CK1 is involved in many cellular processes including DNA repair, cell division, nuclear localization and membrane transport. Isoforms are also integral to development.