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Aliases for CRYGS Gene

Aliases for CRYGS Gene

  • Crystallin, Gamma S 2 3
  • CRYG8 3 4 6
  • Gamma-Crystallin S 3 4
  • Gamma-S-Crystallin 3 4
  • CTRCT20 3 6
  • Crystallin, Gamma 8 3
  • Beta-Crystallin S 3
  • Crystallin 2
  • Gamma 8 2

External Ids for CRYGS Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CRYGS Gene

  • CRYG8

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CRYGS Gene

  • GC03M183027
  • GC03M187513
  • GC03M187658
  • GC03M187577
  • GC03M187738
  • GC03M186256
  • GC03M183665

Summaries for CRYGS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CRYGS Gene

  • Crystallins are separated into two classes: taxon-specific, or enzyme, and ubiquitous. The latter class constitutes the major proteins of vertebrate eye lens and maintains the transparency and refractive index of the lens. Since lens central fiber cells lose their nuclei during development, these crystallins are made and then retained throughout life, making them extremely stable proteins. Mammalian lens crystallins are divided into alpha, beta, and gamma families; beta and gamma crystallins are also considered as a superfamily. Alpha and beta families are further divided into acidic and basic groups. Seven protein regions exist in crystallins: four homologous motifs, a connecting peptide, and N- and C-terminal extensions. Gamma-crystallins are a homogeneous group of highly symmetrical, monomeric proteins typically lacking connecting peptides and terminal extensions. They are differentially regulated after early development. This gene encodes a protein initially considered to be a beta-crystallin but the encoded protein is monomeric and has greater sequence similarity to other gamma-crystallins. This gene encodes the most significant gamma-crystallin in adult eye lens tissue. Whether due to aging or mutations in specific genes, gamma-crystallins have been involved in cataract formation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CRYGS Gene

CRYGS (Crystallin, Gamma S) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CRYGS include cataract 20, multiple types and cataract, total congenital. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of eye lens. An important paralog of this gene is CRYGC.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CRYGS Gene

  • Crystallins are the dominant structural components of the vertebrate eye lens

Gene Wiki entry for CRYGS Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CRYGS Gene

Genomics for CRYGS Gene

Regulatory Elements for CRYGS Gene

Genomic Location for CRYGS Gene

186,538,441 bp from pter
186,546,702 bp from pter
8,262 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CRYGS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CRYGS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CRYGS Gene

Proteins for CRYGS Gene

  • Protein details for CRYGS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Beta-crystallin S
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RAF8

    Protein attributes for CRYGS Gene

    178 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21007 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CRYGS Gene

neXtProt entry for CRYGS Gene

Proteomics data for CRYGS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CRYGS Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for CRYGS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CRYGS Gene

Domains for CRYGS Gene

Protein Domains for CRYGS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CRYGS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Has a two-domain beta-structure, folded into four very similar Greek key motifs
  • Belongs to the beta/gamma-crystallin family.
  • Has a two-domain beta-structure, folded into four very similar Greek key motifs
  • Contains 4 beta/gamma crystallin Greek key domains.
  • Belongs to the beta/gamma-crystallin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CRYGS: view

No data available for Gene Families for CRYGS Gene

Function for CRYGS Gene

Molecular function for CRYGS Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
crystallin,gamma S polypeptide
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Crystallins are the dominant structural components of the vertebrate eye lens

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CRYGS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005212 structural constituent of eye lens IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CRYGS: view

Phenotypes for CRYGS Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for CRYGS:
inferred from 3 alleles
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CRYGS: view

Animal Models for CRYGS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CRYGS:

miRNA for CRYGS Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CRYGS

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CRYGS

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CRYGS Gene

Localization for CRYGS Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CRYGS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CRYGS gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CRYGS Gene

Pathways for CRYGS Gene

SuperPathways for CRYGS Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for CRYGS Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000312099 for CRYGS Gene via STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CRYGS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002009 morphogenesis of an epithelium IEA --
GO:0002088 lens development in camera-type eye IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CRYGS: view

No data available for Pathways by source for CRYGS Gene

Transcripts for CRYGS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CRYGS Gene

Unigene Clusters for CRYGS Gene

Crystallin, gamma S:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CRYGS

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CRYGS Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CRYGS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CRYGS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CRYGS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for CRYGS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Vitreous humor (68.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for CRYGS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CRYGS Gene Hs.376209

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CRYGS: view

Expression partners for CRYGS Gene

* - Elite partner

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CRYGS Gene

Orthologs for CRYGS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CRYGS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CRYGS 35
  • 91.39 (n)
  • 91.57 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CRYGS 35
  • 91.57 (n)
  • 93.26 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Crygs 35
  • 87.45 (n)
  • 89.89 (a)
Crygs 16
Crygs 36
  • 90 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CRYGS 35
  • 99.63 (n)
  • 98.88 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Crygs 35
  • 87.45 (n)
  • 89.89 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CRYGS 36
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CRYGS 36
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CRYGS 35
  • 76.22 (n)
  • 72.32 (a)
  • 72 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CRYGS 36
  • 74 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii crygs1 35
  • 69.77 (n)
  • 70.93 (a)
Dr.15246 35
crygs1 36
  • 70 (a)
crygs2 36
  • 66 (a)
crygs3 36
  • 52 (a)
crygs4 36
  • 53 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CRYGS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CRYGS Gene

Gene Tree for CRYGS (if available)
Gene Tree for CRYGS (if available)

Paralogs for CRYGS Gene

(14) SIMAP similar genes for CRYGS Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CRYGS: view

Variants for CRYGS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CRYGS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs12483 -- 186,541,012(-) CTAAG(C/T)CCAAC intron-variant
rs1374808 -- 186,538,344(+) GGAGA(A/G)AATGA downstream-variant-500B
rs1900616 -- 186,541,159(+) GGAAT(A/G)AGAGG intron-variant
rs3774802 -- 186,540,207(+) TAACA(A/G)AATGA intron-variant
rs3774803 -- 186,542,170(+) TGATA(C/T)GGTCA intron-variant

Relevant External Links for CRYGS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CRYGS Gene

Disorders for CRYGS Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for CRYGS Gene (123730)


  • Cataract 20, multiple types (CTRCT20) [MIM:116100]: An opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye that frequently results in visual impairment or blindness. Opacities vary in morphology, are often confined to a portion of the lens, and may be static or progressive. In general, the more posteriorly located and dense an opacity, the greater the impact on visual function. CTRCT20 includes progressive polymorphic anterior, posterior, or peripheral cortical. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16141006}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for CRYGS Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for CRYGS Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
cataract 64.3 3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CRYGS: view

No data available for Genatlas and External Links for CRYGS Gene

Publications for CRYGS Gene

  1. The complete sequence of human lens gamma s-crystallin. (PMID: 7733876) Smith J.B. … Russell P. (Biochem. J. 1995) 3 4 23
  2. Gamma-S crystallin gene (CRYGS) mutation causes dominant progressive cortical cataract in humans. (PMID: 16141006) Sun H. … Shen Y. (J. Med. Genet. 2005) 3 4 23
  3. Primary structure of beta s-crystallin from human lens. (PMID: 1445197) Zarina S. … Zaidi Z.H. (Biochem. J. 1992) 3 4 23
  4. Sequence analysis of betaA3, betaB3, and betaA4 crystallins completes the identification of the major proteins in young human lens. (PMID: 8999933) Lampi K.J. … David L.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997) 3 4
  5. The X-ray crystal structure of human gamma S-crystallin C-terminal domain. (PMID: 11706012) Purkiss A.G. … Slingsby C. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 3 4

Products for CRYGS Gene

Sources for CRYGS Gene

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