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Aliases for COX17 Gene

Aliases for COX17 Gene

  • COX17, Cytochrome C Oxidase Copper Chaperone 2 3 5
  • COX17 (Yeast) Homolog, Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Protein 2
  • COX17 Cytochrome C Oxidase Assembly Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2

External Ids for COX17 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for COX17 Gene

  • GC03M116001
  • GC03M119017
  • GC03M120642
  • GC03M120709
  • GC03M120871
  • GC03M119373
  • GC03M116764

Summaries for COX17 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for COX17 Gene

  • Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from reduced cytochrome c to oxygen. This component is a heteromeric complex consisting of 3 catalytic subunits encoded by mitochondrial genes and multiple structural subunits encoded by nuclear genes. The mitochondrially-encoded subunits function in electron transfer, and the nuclear-encoded subunits may function in the regulation and assembly of the complex. This nuclear gene encodes a protein which is not a structural subunit, but may be involved in the recruitment of copper to mitochondria for incorporation into the COX apoenzyme. This protein shares 92% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat Cox17 proteins. This gene is no longer considered to be a candidate gene for COX deficiency. A pseudogene COX17P has been found on chromosome 13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for COX17 Gene

COX17 (COX17, Cytochrome C Oxidase Copper Chaperone) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and AMPK Enzyme Complex Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include copper ion binding and copper chaperone activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COX17 Gene

  • Copper chaperone for cytochrome c oxidase (COX). Binds two copper ions and deliver them to the Cu(A) site of COX (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for COX17 Gene

Additional gene information for COX17 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for COX17 Gene

Genomics for COX17 Gene

Regulatory Elements for COX17 Gene

Enhancers for COX17 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH03H119675 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 15 +0.6 550 2.6 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF207 MAATS1 COX17 POPDC2 CD80 LOC105374063
GH03H119642 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14 +33.8 33780 2.2 MAX EED FOS ZNF584 ZNF639 ZNF197 ZNF687 L3MBTL2 NRF1 NR4A1 RPL10P7 COX17 ADPRH POPDC2
GH03H119595 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 7.6 +80.6 80624 3 FOXA2 PKNOX1 TBL1XR1 ZFP64 BATF RAD21 YY1 ATF7 IKZF2 SMAD5 CD80 ADPRH COX17 ARHGAP31 TMEM39A POGLUT1 PLA1A ENSG00000272967
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around COX17 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for COX17 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000157125 354 1801 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF207

Genomic Locations for COX17 Gene

Genomic Locations for COX17 Gene
22,942 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for COX17 Gene

Genes around COX17 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COX17 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COX17 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COX17 Gene

Proteins for COX17 Gene

  • Protein details for COX17 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Cytochrome c oxidase copper chaperone
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R5D2
    • D3DN84
    • Q3MHD6

    Protein attributes for COX17 Gene

    63 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    6915 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with COA1. Interacts with the chaperone CHCHD4; this is important for correct folding and the formation of disulfide bonds that stabilize the structure.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for COX17 Gene

neXtProt entry for COX17 Gene

Post-translational modifications for COX17 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for COX17 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COX17 Gene

Domains & Families for COX17 Gene

Gene Families for COX17 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for COX17 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for COX17 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the COX17 family.
  • Belongs to the COX17 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COX17: view

Function for COX17 Gene

Molecular function for COX17 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Copper chaperone for cytochrome c oxidase (COX). Binds two copper ions and deliver them to the Cu(A) site of COX (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for COX17 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005507 copper ion binding TAS 9050918
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
GO:0016531 copper chaperone activity IMP 19393246
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
GO:1903136 cuprous ion binding IDA 18093982
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COX17: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COX17: view

Animal Models for COX17 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for COX17:

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COX17 Gene

Localization for COX17 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COX17 Gene

Mitochondrion intermembrane space.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COX17 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 2
nucleus 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COX17 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 19393246
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005758 mitochondrial intermembrane space IDA 19393246
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COX17: view

Pathways & Interactions for COX17 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with COX17: view

Pathways by source for COX17 Gene

2 BioSystems pathways for COX17 Gene
2 Reactome pathways for COX17 Gene
2 KEGG pathways for COX17 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for COX17 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COX17 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy TAS 9050918
GO:0006825 copper ion transport IBA --
GO:0007420 brain development IEA --
GO:0007507 heart development IEA --
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IMP 19393246
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COX17: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for COX17 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COX17 Gene

(1) Drugs for COX17 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Copper Approved Pharma Carrier, binder 188

(1) Additional Compounds for COX17 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with COX17: view

Transcripts for COX17 Gene

Unigene Clusters for COX17 Gene

Cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog 17 (yeast):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COX17 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - -

Relevant External Links for COX17 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for COX17 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for COX17 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COX17 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (9.5) and Islet of Langerhans (8.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for COX17 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for COX17 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of COX17 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COX17 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COX17 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for COX17 Gene

  • Liver(4.5)
  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Heart(2.6)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COX17: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for COX17 Gene

Orthologs for COX17 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for COX17 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia COX17 33 34
  • 100 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COX17 34
  • 100 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gm21987 34
  • 92 (a)
Cox17 33 16 34
  • 87.83 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COX17 33 34
  • 90.48 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cox17 33
  • 89.42 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia COX17 33 34
  • 88.89 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves COX17 33 34
  • 76.44 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cox17 33
  • 74.71 (n)
Str.3403 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cox17 33 34
  • 72.32 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4443 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9065 34
  • 41 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cox-17 34
  • 60 (a)
Species where no ortholog for COX17 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COX17 Gene

Gene Tree for COX17 (if available)
Gene Tree for COX17 (if available)

Paralogs for COX17 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for COX17 Gene

Variants for COX17 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for COX17 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000189096 -- 119,674,172(+) CTGCC(C/T)AGCTG intron-variant
rs1000262514 -- 119,667,761(+) TCATC(A/G)AAGAG intron-variant
rs1000444989 -- 119,674,061(+) TGCTG(C/T)CCCGT intron-variant
rs1000506984 -- 119,661,087(+) TCAGG(G/T)TCAGA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000704540 -- 119,660,734(+) CTTCC(C/T)TGGTT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COX17 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv591390 CNV gain 21841781
nsv460834 CNV gain 19166990
nsv1014394 CNV loss 25217958
esv3568977 CNV loss 25503493

Variation tolerance for COX17 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 51.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.31; 70.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for COX17 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COX17 Gene

Disorders for COX17 Gene

Relevant External Links for COX17

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for COX17 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for COX17 Gene

Publications for COX17 Gene

  1. Isolation of a cDNA encoding the human homolog of COX17, a yeast gene essential for mitochondrial copper recruitment. (PMID: 9050918) Amaravadi R … Tzagoloff A (Human genetics 1997) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Functional role of two interhelical disulfide bonds in human Cox17 protein from a structural perspective. (PMID: 21816817) Banci L … Gallo A (The Journal of biological chemistry 2011) 2 3 4 60
  3. Characterization and localization of human COX17, a gene involved in mitochondrial copper transport. (PMID: 10982038) Punter FA … Glerum DM (Human genetics 2000) 3 4 22 60
  4. Iterative orthology prediction uncovers new mitochondrial proteins and identifies C12orf62 as the human ortholog of COX14, a protein involved in the assembly of cytochrome c oxidase. (PMID: 22356826) Szklarczyk R … Huynen MA (Genome biology 2012) 3 4 60
  5. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 45 60

Products for COX17 Gene

Sources for COX17 Gene

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