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Aliases for COLGALT2 Gene

Aliases for COLGALT2 Gene

  • Collagen Beta(1-O)Galactosyltransferase 2 2 3 4 5
  • Glycosyltransferase 25 Domain Containing 2 2 3
  • Glycosyltransferase 25 Family Member 2 3 4
  • Hydroxylysine Galactosyltransferase 2 3 4
  • C1orf17 3 4
  • GLT25D2 3 4
  • Procollagen Galactosyltransferase 2 3
  • Chromosome 1 Open Reading Frame 17 2
  • Procollagen Galactosyltransferase 2
  • EC 4
  • KIAA0584 4

External Ids for COLGALT2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for COLGALT2 Gene

  • C1orf17
  • GLT25D2

Summaries for COLGALT2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for COLGALT2 Gene

COLGALT2 (Collagen Beta(1-O)Galactosyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis and Collagen chain trimerization. GO annotations related to this gene include procollagen galactosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is COLGALT1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT2 Gene

  • Has a beta-galactosyltransferase activity; transfers beta-galactose to hydroxylysine residues on collagen.

Additional gene information for COLGALT2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for COLGALT2 Gene

Genomics for COLGALT2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for COLGALT2 Gene

Enhancers for COLGALT2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01H184036 1.7 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 18.3 +14.5 14474 2.3 HDGF FOXA2 ARNT FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 GLIS2 CBX5 ZNF302 COLGALT2 SMG7 TSEN15 RGL1 GC01P183964
GH01H183911 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 16.1 +140.0 140043 1 TBL1XR1 BMI1 BATF ZNF207 ATF7 ETV6 RUNX3 CREM IKZF2 SMARCA5 COLGALT2 NCF2 APOBEC4 ARPC5 GC01M183931 ENSG00000227554
GH01H184001 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 15.8 +49.1 49115 1.3 ELF3 MLX ARID4B ZNF766 FOS HMG20B MIER2 KAT8 SMARCA4 RCOR2 COLGALT2 GC01P183964
GH01H183955 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +94.5 94519 2.9 PKNOX1 ATF1 TBL1XR1 BMI1 BATF RAD21 RFX5 ELK1 SCRT2 ZNF143 COLGALT2 TSEN15 GC01P183964 GC01M183940
GH01H183997 0.5 dbSUPER 31.3 +53.5 53459 1.2 TCF12 SOX6 TAL1 COLGALT2 APOBEC4 TSEN15 ENSG00000271387 GC01P183964
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around COLGALT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for COLGALT2 Gene

Genomic Locations for COLGALT2 Gene
121,950 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for COLGALT2 Gene

Genes around COLGALT2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COLGALT2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COLGALT2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COLGALT2 Gene

Proteins for COLGALT2 Gene

  • Protein details for COLGALT2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Procollagen galactosyltransferase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O60327
    • Q9BZR0

    Protein attributes for COLGALT2 Gene

    626 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    72924 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BAA25510.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for COLGALT2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for COLGALT2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn97, posLast=185185, Asn382, and posLast=580580
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COLGALT2 Gene

Domains & Families for COLGALT2 Gene

Gene Families for COLGALT2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for COLGALT2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 25 family.
  • Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 25 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COLGALT2: view

Function for COLGALT2 Gene

Molecular function for COLGALT2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=33.5 uM for UDP-galactose {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19075007};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
UDP-alpha-D-galactose + [procollagen]-(2S,5R)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine = UDP + [procollagen]-(2S,5R)-5-O-(beta-D-galactosyl)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has a beta-galactosyltransferase activity; transfers beta-galactose to hydroxylysine residues on collagen.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for COLGALT2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for COLGALT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for COLGALT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016757 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups IEA --
GO:0050211 procollagen galactosyltransferase activity TAS,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLGALT2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COLGALT2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for COLGALT2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target COLGALT2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COLGALT2 Gene

Localization for COLGALT2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT2 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum lumen.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COLGALT2 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleus (2)
  • Vesicles (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COLGALT2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLGALT2: view

Pathways & Interactions for COLGALT2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with COLGALT2: view

Pathways by source for COLGALT2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COLGALT2 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for COLGALT2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COLGALT2 Gene

(2) Drugs for COLGALT2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Uridine diphosphategalactose Experimental Pharma 0
Uridine-5'-Diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with COLGALT2: view

Transcripts for COLGALT2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for COLGALT2 Gene

Collagen beta(1-O)galactosyltransferase 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COLGALT2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b ·
SP1: - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: -
SP8: - -

ExUns: 16c

Relevant External Links for COLGALT2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for COLGALT2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for COLGALT2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for COLGALT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x5.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COLGALT2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal heart (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for COLGALT2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for COLGALT2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of COLGALT2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COLGALT2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COLGALT2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in brain and skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for COLGALT2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Intestine(4.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COLGALT2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for COLGALT2 Gene

Orthologs for COLGALT2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for COLGALT2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GLT25D2 33 34
  • 99.73 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COLGALT2 34
  • 92 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GLT25D2 33 34
  • 91.8 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Colgalt2 33 16 34
  • 88.87 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COLGALT2 33 34
  • 87.7 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Colgalt2 33
  • 87.03 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia COLGALT2 34
  • 87 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves COLGALT2 34
  • 79 (a)
GLT25D2 33
  • 78.44 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia COLGALT2 34
  • 83 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia colgalt2 33
  • 72.17 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.12299 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii colgalt2 33 34
  • 65.41 (n)
COLGALT2 (2 of 2) 34
  • 58 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG31915 34
  • 41 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea D2045.9 34
  • 34 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.13713 33
Species where no ortholog for COLGALT2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COLGALT2 Gene

Gene Tree for COLGALT2 (if available)
Gene Tree for COLGALT2 (if available)

Paralogs for COLGALT2 Gene

Paralogs for COLGALT2 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for COLGALT2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with COLGALT2: view

Variants for COLGALT2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for COLGALT2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_036978 A breast cancer sample
rs1000000445 -- 183,946,922(+) GCTAC(C/T)TGGGA intron-variant
rs1000007086 -- 183,989,208(+) GGCCC(A/T)GGAAT intron-variant
rs1000110919 -- 184,016,547(+) GGTGG(C/G)GCAGC intron-variant
rs1000143237 -- 183,947,160(+) GGAAG(A/T)CATCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COLGALT2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv832026 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv526480 CNV loss 19592680
nsv525878 CNV gain 19592680
esv3588120 CNV gain 21293372
esv3588119 CNV loss 21293372
esv24684 CNV loss 19812545
esv2010262 CNV deletion 18987734

Variation tolerance for COLGALT2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 72.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.68; 57.16% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for COLGALT2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT2 Gene

Disorders for COLGALT2 Gene

Relevant External Links for COLGALT2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for COLGALT2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for COLGALT2 Gene

Publications for COLGALT2 Gene

  1. Core glycosylation of collagen is initiated by two beta(1-O)galactosyltransferases. (PMID: 19075007) Schegg B … Hennet T (Molecular and cellular biology 2009) 2 3 4 60
  2. Cloning and characterization of 13 novel transcripts and the human RGS8 gene from the 1q25 region encompassing the hereditary prostate cancer (HPC1) locus. (PMID: 11318611) Sood R … Carpten JD (Genomics 2001) 3 4 60
  3. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. IX. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which can code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 9628581) Nagase T … Ohara O (DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1998) 3 4 60
  4. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 60
  5. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin EL … Gygi SP (Cell 2015) 3 60

Products for COLGALT2 Gene

Sources for COLGALT2 Gene

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