Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for COLGALT1 Gene

Aliases for COLGALT1 Gene

  • Collagen Beta(1-O)Galactosyltransferase 1 2 3 4 5
  • Glycosyltransferase 25 Domain Containing 1 2 3
  • Glycosyltransferase 25 Family Member 1 3 4
  • Hydroxylysine Galactosyltransferase 1 3 4
  • GLT25D1 3 4
  • Hydroxylysine Galactosyltransferase 2
  • Procollagen Galactosyltransferase 1 3
  • Procollagen Galactosyltransferase 2
  • EC 4

External Ids for COLGALT1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for COLGALT1 Gene

  • GLT25D1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for COLGALT1 Gene

  • GC19P017747
  • GC19P017916

Summaries for COLGALT1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for COLGALT1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is one of two enzymes that transfers galactose moieties to hydroxylysine residues of collagen and mannose binding lectin. This gene is constitutively expressed and encodes a soluble protein that localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]

GeneCards Summary for COLGALT1 Gene

COLGALT1 (Collagen Beta(1-O)Galactosyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Lysine degradation and Collagen chain trimerization. GO annotations related to this gene include procollagen galactosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is COLGALT2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT1 Gene

  • Has a beta-galactosyltransferase activity; transfers beta-galactose to hydroxylysine residues of collagen.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for COLGALT1 Gene

Genomics for COLGALT1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for COLGALT1 Gene

Enhancers for COLGALT1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19G018372 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 30.7 +825.5 825507 18.0 MLX CREB3L1 AGO1 ZFP64 DMAP1 FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF548 ENSG00000268030 COLGALT1 UPF1 ENSG00000268938 MVB12A ENSG00000269191 KXD1 IFI30 GDF15 PGLS
GH19G018168 1.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 20.2 +616.3 616329 7.4 CREB3L1 MLX AGO1 DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC ENSG00000268030 UPF1 ENSG00000268938 MVB12A ENSG00000269191 COLGALT1 MPV17L2 KXD1 LRRC25 IFI30
GH19G018277 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 21.2 +725.0 725034 6.4 MLX CREB3L1 AGO1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 ENSG00000268030 UPF1 ENSG00000268938 KIAA1683 COLGALT1 MVB12A PDE4C LSM4 PGLS MPV17L2
GH19G018361 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.9 +809.1 809129 6.6 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF548 ZNF263 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 COLGALT1 ENSG00000268030 ENSG00000269439 UPF1 PGPEP1 SUGP2 GDF15
GH19G018253 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 20.9 +698.9 698912 2.7 DMAP1 FEZF1 SLC30A9 ZNF548 SP3 MEF2D ZNF610 GLIS1 RCOR2 NBN PDE4C COLGALT1 ENSG00000268030 UPF1 B3GNT3 LOC729966 LOC102725254
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around COLGALT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for COLGALT1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for COLGALT1 Gene

17,555,594 bp from pter
17,583,162 bp from pter
27,569 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for COLGALT1 Gene

Genes around COLGALT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COLGALT1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COLGALT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COLGALT1 Gene

Proteins for COLGALT1 Gene

  • Protein details for COLGALT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Procollagen galactosyltransferase 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8NC64

    Protein attributes for COLGALT1 Gene

    622 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    71636 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for COLGALT1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for COLGALT1 Gene

Other Protein References for COLGALT1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COLGALT1 Gene

Domains & Families for COLGALT1 Gene

Gene Families for COLGALT1 Gene

Protein Domains for COLGALT1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for COLGALT1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 25 family.
  • Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 25 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COLGALT1: view

Function for COLGALT1 Gene

Molecular function for COLGALT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=18.7 uM for UDP-galactose {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19075007};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
UDP-alpha-D-galactose + [procollagen]-(2S,5R)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine = UDP + [procollagen]-(2S,5R)-5-O-(beta-D-galactosyl)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has a beta-galactosyltransferase activity; transfers beta-galactose to hydroxylysine residues of collagen.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for COLGALT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for COLGALT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016757 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups IEA --
GO:0050211 procollagen galactosyltransferase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLGALT1: view

Phenotypes for COLGALT1 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for COLGALT1:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COLGALT1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COLGALT1 Gene

Localization for COLGALT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT1 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Note=Colocalized with PLOD3 and mannose binding lectin.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COLGALT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 2
plasma membrane 1
peroxisome 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COLGALT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COLGALT1: view

Pathways & Interactions for COLGALT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with COLGALT1: view

Pathways by source for COLGALT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COLGALT1 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for COLGALT1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COLGALT1 Gene

(2) Drugs for COLGALT1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Uridine diphosphategalactose Experimental Pharma 0
Uridine-5'-Diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with COLGALT1: view

Transcripts for COLGALT1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for COLGALT1 Gene

Collagen beta(1-O)galactosyltransferase 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COLGALT1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b · 13c · 13d · 13e ^ 14a · 14b
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for COLGALT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for COLGALT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for COLGALT1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for COLGALT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COLGALT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (12.4), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.1), and Bone marrow stromal cell (8.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for COLGALT1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for COLGALT1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of COLGALT1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COLGALT1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COLGALT1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous with higher levels in placenta, heart, lung and spleen.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for COLGALT1 Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COLGALT1: view

Primer Products

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for COLGALT1 Gene

Orthologs for COLGALT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for COLGALT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GLT25D1 35 34
  • 98.79 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Colgalt1 16 35
  • 92 (a)
Glt25d1 34
  • 86.79 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COLGALT1 34 35
  • 90.73 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia COLGALT1 34 35
  • 89.66 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia COLGALT1 35
  • 89 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Colgalt1 34
  • 86.05 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COLGALT1 35
  • 85 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 35
  • 84 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia COLGALT1 35
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100488616 34
  • 69.34 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.13613 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii COLGALT1 (3 of 3) 35
  • 75 (a)
COLGALT1 (1 of 3) 35
  • 73 (a)
colgalt1 34 35
  • 68.37 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4024 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG31915 35
  • 41 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea D2045.9 35
  • 34 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 47 (a)
Species where no ortholog for COLGALT1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COLGALT1 Gene

Gene Tree for COLGALT1 (if available)
Gene Tree for COLGALT1 (if available)

Paralogs for COLGALT1 Gene

Paralogs for COLGALT1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for COLGALT1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with COLGALT1: view

Variants for COLGALT1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for COLGALT1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000092675 -- 17,579,057(+) GTAAT(C/T)CCAGC intron-variant
rs1000152465 -- 17,554,237(+) CAGTT(C/T)GGGAG intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000210078 -- 17,554,537(+) CCAGC(A/G)CTTTG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000215364 -- 17,563,435(+) AGCTC(C/T)GCCTC intron-variant
rs1000332474 -- 17,566,087(+) AGACC(A/G)GGCAC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COLGALT1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2422429 CNV duplication 17116639
nsv138503 CNV insertion 16902084
nsv952419 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for COLGALT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 33.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.27; 52.91% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for COLGALT1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COLGALT1 Gene

Disorders for COLGALT1 Gene

Relevant External Links for COLGALT1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for COLGALT1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for COLGALT1 Gene

Publications for COLGALT1 Gene

  1. Core glycosylation of collagen is initiated by two beta(1- O)galactosyltransferases. (PMID: 19075007) Schegg B. … Hennet T. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2009) 2 3 4 64
  2. The human collagen beta(1-O)galactosyltransferase, GLT25D1, is a soluble endoplasmic reticulum localized protein. (PMID: 20470363) Liefhebber J.M. … van Leeuwen H.C. (BMC Cell Biol. 2010) 3 4 64
  3. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3 4 64
  4. Collagen Accumulation in Osteosarcoma Cells lacking GLT25D1 Collagen Galactosyltransferase. (PMID: 27402836) Baumann S. … Hennet T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2016) 3 64
  5. Temporal proteomics of NGF-TrkA signaling identifies an inhibitory role for the E3 ligase Cbl-b in neuroblastoma cell differentiation. (PMID: 25921289) Emdal K.B. … Olsen J.V. (Sci Signal 2015) 3 64

Products for COLGALT1 Gene

Sources for COLGALT1 Gene

Loading form....