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Aliases for COG4 Gene

Aliases for COG4 Gene

  • Component Of Oligomeric Golgi Complex 4 2 3 4 5
  • COG Complex Subunit 4 3 4
  • Conserved Oligomeric Golgi Complex Protein 4 3
  • Complexed With Dor1p 3
  • CDG2J 3
  • COD1 3

External Ids for COG4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for COG4 Gene

  • GC16M061216
  • GC16M070934
  • GC16M070249
  • GC16M070290
  • GC16M069071
  • GC16M056346

Summaries for COG4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for COG4 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a component of an oligomeric protein complex involved in the structure and function of the Golgi apparatus. Defects in this gene may be a cause of congenital disorder of glycosylation type IIj. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GeneCards Summary for COG4 Gene

COG4 (Component Of Oligomeric Golgi Complex 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with COG4 include Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Iij and Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Ii. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COG4 Gene

  • Required for normal Golgi function. Plays a role in SNARE-pin assembly and Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport via its interaction with SCFD1.

Gene Wiki entry for COG4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for COG4 Gene

Genomics for COG4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for COG4 Gene

Enhancers for COG4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around COG4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for COG4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around COG4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for COG4 Gene

70,480,568 bp from pter
70,523,565 bp from pter
42,998 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for COG4 Gene

Genes around COG4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
COG4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for COG4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for COG4 Gene

Proteins for COG4 Gene

  • Protein details for COG4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Conserved oligomeric Golgi complex subunit 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DMN8
    • C9JS23
    • Q96D40
    • Q9BRF0
    • Q9BVZ2
    • Q9H5Y4
    • Q9Y3W3

    Protein attributes for COG4 Gene

    785 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    89083 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer. Component of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex which is composed of eight different subunits and is required for normal Golgi morphology and localization. Mediates interaction of SCFD1 with the COG complex. Interacts with STX5.
    • Sequence=BAB15483.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for COG4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for COG4 Gene


neXtProt entry for COG4 Gene

Proteomics data for COG4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for COG4 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 73
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for COG4 Gene

Domains & Families for COG4 Gene

Gene Families for COG4 Gene

Protein Domains for COG4 Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the COG4 family.
  • Belongs to the COG4 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with COG4: view

Function for COG4 Gene

Molecular function for COG4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required for normal Golgi function. Plays a role in SNARE-pin assembly and Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport via its interaction with SCFD1.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with COG4: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for COG4 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

miRNA for COG4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target COG4

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for COG4 Gene

Localization for COG4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COG4 Gene

Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for COG4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for COG4 gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
endoplasmic reticulum 2
nucleus 2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for COG4 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for COG4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with COG4: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for COG4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000301 retrograde transport, vesicle recycling within Golgi IBA --
GO:0006890 retrograde vesicle-mediated transport, Golgi to ER IMP 19536132
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with COG4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for COG4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for COG4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for COG4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for COG4 Gene

Component of oligomeric golgi complex 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for COG4 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b · 21c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for COG4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for COG4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for COG4 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for COG4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (60.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for COG4 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for COG4 Gene Hs.208680

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with COG4: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for COG4 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for COG4 Gene

Orthologs for COG4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for COG4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia COG4 35
  • 91.93 (n)
  • 96.18 (a)
COG4 36
  • 96 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia COG4 35
  • 92.98 (n)
  • 97.21 (a)
COG4 36
  • 97 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cog4 35
  • 89.68 (n)
  • 94.39 (a)
Cog4 16
Cog4 36
  • 94 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia COG4 35
  • 99.12 (n)
  • 98.94 (a)
COG4 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cog4 35
  • 90.32 (n)
  • 94.78 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia COG4 36
  • 93 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia COG4 36
  • 91 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves COG4 35
  • 80.17 (n)
  • 86.01 (a)
COG4 36
  • 86 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia COG4 36
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100145689 35
  • 75.8 (n)
  • 84.27 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cog4 35
  • 69.67 (n)
  • 72.07 (a)
Dr.214 35
cog4 36
  • 72 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10077 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7456 37
  • 38 (a)
CG7456 35
  • 50.93 (n)
  • 41.2 (a)
CG7456 36
  • 39 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008875 35
  • 50.3 (n)
  • 41.56 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y51H7C.6a 37
  • 32 (a)
Y51H7C.6b 37
  • 32 (a)
cogc-4 35
  • 47.04 (n)
  • 34.79 (a)
cogc-4 36
  • 30 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes COG4 36
  • 18 (a)
COG4 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT4G01400 35
  • 46.35 (n)
  • 35.23 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.15610 35
Os02g0456000 35
  • 43.2 (n)
  • 30.56 (a)
Species with no ortholog for COG4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for COG4 Gene

Gene Tree for COG4 (if available)
Gene Tree for COG4 (if available)

Paralogs for COG4 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for COG4 Gene

Variants for COG4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for COG4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs3931036 - 70,514,394(-) ACATA(C/T)TCATC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_063767 Congenital disorder of glycosylation 2J (CDG2J)
rs7919 -- 70,480,925(+) AAGCC(A/C)GACAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs11054 -- 70,481,452(+) ATGAG(C/G/T)GACCT downstream-variant-500B, reference, synonymous-codon
rs8062546 -- 70,489,501(+) catga(A/G)ccacc intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for COG4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7285 OTHER Inversion 18451855
nsv833272 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2714671 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2047908 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2675941 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2673546 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2439753 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv2008425 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv4553 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv2714672 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv8463 CNV Loss 19470904
esv2676236 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv2425317 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv1193820 CNV Deletion 17803354

Variation tolerance for COG4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 32.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.38; 42.16% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for COG4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for COG4 Gene

Disorders for COG4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for COG4 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
congenital disorder of glycosylation, type iij
  • congenital disorder of glycosylation 2j
congenital disorder of glycosylation, type ii
  • congenital disorder of glycosylation, type iie
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search COG4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation 2J (CDG2J) [MIM:613489]: A multisystem disorder caused by a defect in glycoprotein biosynthesis and characterized by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins. Congenital disorders of glycosylation result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency. The broad spectrum of features reflects the critical role of N-glycoproteins during embryonic development, differentiation, and maintenance of cell functions. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19494034}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for COG4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with COG4: view

No data available for Genatlas for COG4 Gene

Publications for COG4 Gene

  1. Structural basis for a human glycosylation disorder caused by mutation of the COG4 gene. (PMID: 19651599) Richardson B.C. … Hughson F.M. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009) 3 4 67
  2. Characterization of a mammalian Golgi-localized protein complex, COG, that is required for normal Golgi morphology and function. (PMID: 11980916) Ungar D. … Waters M.G. (J. Cell Biol. 2002) 2 3
  3. Temporal proteomics of NGF-TrkA signaling identifies an inhibitory role for the E3 ligase Cbl-b in neuroblastoma cell differentiation. (PMID: 25921289) Emdal K.B. … Olsen J.V. (Sci Signal 2015) 3
  4. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3
  5. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3

Products for COG4 Gene

Sources for COG4 Gene