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Aliases for CNIH2 Gene

Aliases for CNIH2 Gene

  • Cornichon Family AMPA Receptor Auxiliary Protein 2 2 3 4 5
  • CNIH-2 3 4
  • CNIL 3 4
  • Cornichon Homolog 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • Protein Cornichon Homolog 2 3
  • Cornichon-Like Protein 4
  • Cornichon Homolog 2 3

External Ids for CNIH2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CNIH2 Gene

  • GC11P065803
  • GC11P066045
  • GC11P062375

Summaries for CNIH2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CNIH2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is an auxiliary subunit of the ionotropic glutamate receptor of the AMPA subtype. AMPA receptors mediate fast synaptic neurotransmission in the central nervous system. This protein has been reported to interact with the Type I AMPA receptor regulatory protein isoform gamma-8 to control assembly of hippocampal AMPA receptor complexes, thereby modulating receptor gating and pharmacology. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]

GeneCards Summary for CNIH2 Gene

CNIH2 (Cornichon Family AMPA Receptor Auxiliary Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CNIH2 include Schizophrenia. Among its related pathways are Vesicle-mediated transport and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. An important paralog of this gene is CNIH3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNIH2 Gene

  • Regulates the trafficking and gating properties of AMPA-selective glutamate receptors (AMPARs). Promotes their targeting to the cell membrane and synapses and modulates their gating properties by regulating their rates of activation, deactivation and desensitization. Blocks CACNG8-mediated resensitization of AMPA receptors.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CNIH2 Gene

Genomics for CNIH2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CNIH2 Gene

Enhancers for CNIH2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around CNIH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CNIH2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for CNIH2 Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
66,278,190 bp from pter
End:
66,285,301 bp from pter
Size:
7,112 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CNIH2 Gene

Genes around CNIH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CNIH2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CNIH2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CNIH2 Gene

Proteins for CNIH2 Gene

  • Protein details for CNIH2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q6PI25-CNIH2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein cornichon homolog 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q6PI25

    Protein attributes for CNIH2 Gene

    Size:
    160 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18931 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Acts as an auxiliary subunit for AMPA-selective glutamate receptors (AMPARs). Found in a complex with GRIA1, GRIA2, GRIA3, GRIA4, CNIH3, CACNG2, CACNG3, CACNG4, CACNG5, CACNG7 and CACNG8 (By similarity). Interacts with CACGN8 (By similarity). Interacts with GRIA1.

neXtProt entry for CNIH2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CNIH2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for CNIH2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CNIH2 Gene

Domains & Families for CNIH2 Gene

Protein Domains for CNIH2 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CNIH2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q6PI25

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CNIH2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the cornichon family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the cornichon family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CNIH2: view

No data available for Gene Families for CNIH2 Gene

Function for CNIH2 Gene

Molecular function for CNIH2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Regulates the trafficking and gating properties of AMPA-selective glutamate receptors (AMPARs). Promotes their targeting to the cell membrane and synapses and modulates their gating properties by regulating their rates of activation, deactivation and desensitization. Blocks CACNG8-mediated resensitization of AMPA receptors.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CNIH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA,IPI 20805473
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNIH2: view

Phenotypes for CNIH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CNIH2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for CNIH2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CNIH2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CNIH2 Gene

Localization for CNIH2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNIH2 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell projection, dendrite. Cell projection, dendritic spine. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane, postsynaptic density. Note=Also localizes to the cell membrane of extrasynaptic sites (dendritic shafts, spines of pyramidal cells). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CNIH2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CNIH2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 4
golgi apparatus 4
extracellular 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CNIH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0012507 ER to Golgi transport vesicle membrane TAS --
GO:0014069 postsynaptic density IEA,ISS --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNIH2: view

Pathways & Interactions for CNIH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CNIH2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CNIH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006888 ER to Golgi vesicle-mediated transport TAS --
GO:0035249 synaptic transmission, glutamatergic IEA --
GO:0042391 regulation of membrane potential IEA --
GO:0048208 COPII vesicle coating TAS --
GO:0051668 localization within membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNIH2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CNIH2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CNIH2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for CNIH2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CNIH2 Gene

Cornichon homolog 2 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CNIH2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d · 7e
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for CNIH2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CNIH2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CNIH2

Expression for CNIH2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CNIH2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CNIH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Hippocampus (x11.0), Brain - Amygdala (x5.4), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.7), Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x4.5), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x4.4), and Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CNIH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal Brain (59.7) and Frontal cortex (9.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CNIH2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CNIH2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CNIH2 Gene:

CNIH2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CNIH2 Gene:

Hs.437072

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CNIH2 Gene:

Q6PI25-CNIH2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expression is up-regulated in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia (postmortem brain study).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CNIH2: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for CNIH2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for CNIH2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CNIH2 34
  • 89.37 (n)
  • 88.75 (a)
CNIH2 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cnih2 34
  • 97.29 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Cnih2 16
Cnih2 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CNIH2 34
  • 99.79 (n)
  • 100 (a)
CNIH2 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cnih2 34
  • 97.5 (n)
  • 100 (a)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CNIH2 35
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CNIH2 35
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cnih2 34
  • 76.86 (n)
  • 89.81 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.17156 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cnih2 34
  • 80 (n)
  • 90 (a)
Dr.15131 34
cnih2 35
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta cni 35
  • 53 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cni-1 35
  • 50 (a)
ManyToMany
Y64H9A.1 35
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ERV14 35
  • 32 (a)
ManyToMany
ERV15 35
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5635 35
  • 65 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for CNIH2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CNIH2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CNIH2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CNIH2 (if available)

Paralogs for CNIH2 Gene

Paralogs for CNIH2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for CNIH2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CNIH2: view

Variants for CNIH2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CNIH2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1783732 -- 66,280,643(-) GTCAC(C/G)CCTCC intron-variant
rs1789147 -- 66,282,026(-) CCCTT(C/T)CAAAA intron-variant
rs34082665 -- 66,283,725(+) TCCAA(C/G)CCCCA nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs34620898 -- 66,283,822(+) GCAGG(G/T)GCTCC nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs34970605 -- 66,283,848(+) CATGG(-/C)CAGTC nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CNIH2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1070967 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1118214 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1121838 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv555223 CNV loss 21841781
nsv825956 CNV gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for CNIH2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 47.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.08; 1.76% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CNIH2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CNIH2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNIH2 Gene

Disorders for CNIH2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CNIH2 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
schizophrenia
  • schizophrenia 12
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CNIH2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CNIH2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CNIH2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CNIH2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CNIH2 Gene

Publications for CNIH2 Gene

  1. Cornichon2 dictates the time course of excitatory transmission at individual hippocampal synapses. (PMID: 24853943) Boudkkazi S. … Fakler B. (Neuron 2014) 2 3 65
  2. Upregulation of cornichon transcripts in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. (PMID: 23103966) Drummond J.B. … Meador-Woodruff J.H. (Neuroreport 2012) 3 4 65
  3. Functional comparison of the effects of TARPs and cornichons on AMPA receptor trafficking and gating. (PMID: 20805473) Shi Y. … Nicoll R.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010) 3 4 65
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 65
  5. AMPA receptor modulation by cornichon-2 dictated by transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein isoform. (PMID: 22211840) Gill M.B. … Bredt D.S. (Eur. J. Neurosci. 2012) 3 65

Products for CNIH2 Gene

Sources for CNIH2 Gene

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