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Aliases for CNIH1 Gene

Aliases for CNIH1 Gene

  • Cornichon Family AMPA Receptor Auxiliary Protein 1 2 3 4 5
  • T-Cell Growth-Associated Molecule 77 3 4
  • CNIH-1 3 4
  • TGAM77 3 4
  • CNIH 3 4
  • CNIL 3 4
  • Cornichon Homolog (Drosophila) 2
  • Protein Cornichon Homolog 4
  • Cornichon Homolog 3

External Ids for CNIH1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CNIH1 Gene

  • CNIH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CNIH1 Gene

  • GC14M054894

Summaries for CNIH1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for CNIH1 Gene

CNIH1 (Cornichon Family AMPA Receptor Auxiliary Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CNIH1 include Schizophrenia. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Vesicle-mediated transport. An important paralog of this gene is CNIH4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNIH1 Gene

  • Involved in the selective transport and maturation of TGF-alpha family proteins.

Gene Wiki entry for CNIH1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CNIH1 Gene

Genomics for CNIH1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CNIH1 Gene

Enhancers for CNIH1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around CNIH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CNIH1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CNIH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for CNIH1 Gene

54,423,560 bp from pter
54,441,431 bp from pter
17,872 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CNIH1 Gene

Genes around CNIH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CNIH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CNIH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CNIH1 Gene

Proteins for CNIH1 Gene

  • Protein details for CNIH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein cornichon homolog 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3SYM7

    Protein attributes for CNIH1 Gene

    144 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    16699 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with AREG immature precursor and with immature TGFA, i.e. with a prosegment and lacking full N-glycosylation, but not with the fully N-glycosylated form. In the Golgi apparatus, may form a complex with GORASP55 and transmembrane TGFA.

neXtProt entry for CNIH1 Gene

Proteomics data for CNIH1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CNIH1 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for CNIH1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CNIH1 Gene

Domains & Families for CNIH1 Gene

Protein Domains for CNIH1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CNIH1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the cornichon family.
  • Belongs to the cornichon family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CNIH1: view

No data available for Gene Families for CNIH1 Gene

Function for CNIH1 Gene

Molecular function for CNIH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the selective transport and maturation of TGF-alpha family proteins.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CNIH1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for CNIH1

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CNIH1 Gene

Localization for CNIH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNIH1 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Golgi apparatus membrane. Note=Located primarily in the ER; may cycle between the ER and the Golgi apparatus.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CNIH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0012507 ER to Golgi transport vesicle membrane TAS --
GO:0033116 endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNIH1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS for CNIH1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CNIH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CNIH1: view

Interacting Proteins for CNIH1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CNIH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0018279 protein N-linked glycosylation via asparagine TAS --
GO:0043687 post-translational protein modification TAS --
GO:0061024 membrane organization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNIH1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CNIH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CNIH1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for CNIH1 Gene

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CNIH1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for CNIH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CNIH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CNIH1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CNIH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (59.0) and Liver (6.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CNIH1 Gene

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CNIH1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in heart, liver, skeletal muscle, pancreas, adrenal medulla and cortex, thyroid, testis, spleen, appendix, peripheral blood lymphocytes and bone marrow. Lower expression found in brain, placenta, lung, kidney, ovary, small intestine, stomach, lymph node, thymus and fetal liver. Expression is up-regulated in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia (postmortem brain study).
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CNIH1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CNIH1 Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for CNIH1 Gene

Orthologs for CNIH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for CNIH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CNIH1 35
  • 97.22 (n)
  • 100 (a)
  • 80 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CNIH1 35
  • 96.3 (n)
  • 100 (a)
CNIH1 36
  • 52 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cnih1 35
  • 91.9 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Cnih1 16
Cnih1 36
  • 100 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CNIH 35
  • 99.54 (n)
  • 100 (a)
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cnih1 35
  • 93.52 (n)
  • 100 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CNIH1 36
  • 89 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CNIH 35
  • 89.81 (n)
  • 99.31 (a)
CNI 36
  • 99 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CNIH1 36
  • 89 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cnih1 35
  • 85.19 (n)
  • 98.61 (a)
Str.6297 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cnih1 35
  • 80.09 (n)
  • 96.53 (a)
cnih1 36
  • 97 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008974 35
  • 63.66 (n)
  • 69.44 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta cni 35
  • 60.88 (n)
  • 66.67 (a)
cni 36
  • 67 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cnih-2 35
  • 56.02 (n)
  • 59.03 (a)
cni-1 36
  • 59 (a)
Y64H9A.1 36
  • 57 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ERV14 36
  • 33 (a)
ERV15 36
  • 31 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2430 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5635 36
  • 80 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CNIH1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CNIH1 Gene

Gene Tree for CNIH1 (if available)
Gene Tree for CNIH1 (if available)

Paralogs for CNIH1 Gene

Paralogs for CNIH1 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for CNIH1 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CNIH1: view

Variants for CNIH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CNIH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs7149793 -- 54,443,136(+) gaccc(A/T)cactc upstream-variant-2KB
rs3759655 -- 54,442,019(+) TGGTG(A/T)GACTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs3759656 -- 54,442,408(+) GCTGA(C/T)GGAAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs3783635 -- 54,428,074(+) TAGAA(C/T)GGCAC intron-variant
rs3783636 -- 54,440,728(+) AAAAA(A/T)GTGAT intron-variant

Variation tolerance for CNIH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 55.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.14; 3.13% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Relevant External Links for CNIH1 Gene

Disorders for CNIH1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CNIH1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • schizophrenia 12
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CNIH1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CNIH1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CNIH1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CNIH1 Gene

Publications for CNIH1 Gene

  1. The human homolog of Drosophila cornichon protein is differentially expressed in alloactivated T-cells. (PMID: 10209299) Utku N. … Gullans S.R. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1999) 2 3 4 67
  2. AMPA receptor modulation by cornichon-2 dictated by transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein isoform. (PMID: 22211840) Gill M.B. … Bredt D.S. (Eur. J. Neurosci. 2012) 3
  3. Upregulation of cornichon transcripts in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. (PMID: 23103966) Drummond J.B. … Meador-Woodruff J.H. (Neuroreport 2012) 3
  4. Cornichon regulates transport and secretion of TGFalpha-related proteins in metazoan cells. (PMID: 17607000) Perez Castro C. … Derynck R. (J. Cell Sci. 2007) 3
  5. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3

Products for CNIH1 Gene

Sources for CNIH1 Gene