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Aliases for CNFN Gene

Aliases for CNFN Gene

  • Cornifelin 2 3
  • Cornefied Envelope Protein Cornefilin 3
  • PLAC8L2 3

External Ids for CNFN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CNFN Gene

  • GC19M047584
  • GC19M042891
  • GC19M039321

Summaries for CNFN Gene

GeneCards Summary for CNFN Gene

CNFN (Cornifelin) is a Protein Coding gene. An important paralog of this gene is PLAC8L1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNFN Gene

  • Part of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CNFN Gene

Genomics for CNFN Gene

Regulatory Elements for CNFN Gene

Genomic Location for CNFN Gene

42,387,019 bp from pter
42,390,292 bp from pter
3,274 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CNFN Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CNFN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CNFN Gene

Proteins for CNFN Gene

  • Protein details for CNFN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R569

    Protein attributes for CNFN Gene

    112 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    12376 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Directly or indirectly cross-linked to CE proteins loricin and involucrin (IVL)

neXtProt entry for CNFN Gene

Proteomics data for CNFN Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CNFN Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for CNFN Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CNFN Gene

Domains for CNFN Gene

Protein Domains for CNFN Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CNFN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9BYD5
  • Belongs to the cornifelin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CNFN: view

No data available for Gene Families for CNFN Gene

Function for CNFN Gene

Molecular function for CNFN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Part of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia.

Phenotypes for CNFN Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for CNFN:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CNFN: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for CNFN Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CNFN

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CNFN

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CNFN Gene

Localization for CNFN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNFN Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Constituent of the scaffolding of the cornified envelope. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CNFN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CNFN gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 2
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CNFN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001533 cornified envelope IDA 15147942
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNFN: view

Pathways for CNFN Gene

SuperPathways for CNFN Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for CNFN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CNFN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031424 keratinization IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CNFN: view

No data available for Pathways by source for CNFN Gene

Transcripts for CNFN Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CNFN Gene

(14) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CNFN Gene

Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CNFN

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for CNFN

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CNFN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CNFN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CNFN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CNFN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CNFN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (23.2), Vagina (9.8), Cervix - Ectocervix (8.3), and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (4.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for CNFN Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CNFN Gene Hs.148590

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CNFN Gene

Tissue specificity: Abundant in the cervix. Moderately abundant in the uterus and fetal skin. Expression is markedly increased in psoriatic skin (18.5 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and its overexpression alters the protein composition of cornified cell envelope (CE), but does not affect keratinocyte differentiation. Expressed in the granular cell layer of epidermis in uninvolved psoriatic skin and in the psoriatic lesions it is found in the upper-spinous layer. Increased expression also seen in atopic dermatitis (14.3 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and mycosis fungoides (4.6 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and in both conditions expressed in the granular cell layer of epidermis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CNFN: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for CNFN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CNFN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CNFN 35
  • 99.11 (n)
  • 100 (a)
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CNFN 35
  • 92.19 (n)
  • 93.69 (a)
  • 93 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CNFN 35
  • 92.79 (n)
  • 98.2 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cnfn 35
  • 90.99 (n)
  • 98.2 (a)
Cnfn 16
Cnfn 36
  • 87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 41 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CNFN 36
  • 84 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cnfn 35
  • 89.49 (n)
  • 97.3 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 37 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CNFN 36
  • 48 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.6185 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cnfn 36
  • 47 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 23 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CNFN:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CNFN Gene

Gene Tree for CNFN (if available)
Gene Tree for CNFN (if available)

Paralogs for CNFN Gene

Paralogs for CNFN Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for CNFN Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CNFN: view

Variants for CNFN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CNFN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs851297 -- 42,388,000(-) ttttt(G/T)ttttg intron-variant
rs3810145 -- 42,392,135(-) GGAGA(C/G)ACAGA upstream-variant-2KB
rs3810147 -- 42,390,329(-) TGGCC(A/G)CCCAT upstream-variant-2KB
rs8108964 -- 42,389,602(+) AGGGA(C/T)GCTGG intron-variant
rs12165114 -- 42,388,711(+) CCTGA(G/T)AAGTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CNFN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522854 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv520239 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv911782 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv526186 CNV Gain 19592680
esv2422471 CNV Deletion 17116639
nsv911785 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv911788 CNV Gain 21882294

Relevant External Links for CNFN Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNFN Gene

Disorders for CNFN Gene

No disorders were found for CNFN Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CNFN Gene

Publications for CNFN Gene

  1. Identification and characterization of a novel component of the cornified envelope, cornifelin. (PMID: 15147942) Michibata H. … Imai Y. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2004) 3 4 23
  2. S100A11, S100A10, annexin I, desmosomal proteins, small proline-rich proteins, plasminogen activator inhibitor-2, and involucrin are components of the cornified envelope of cultured human epidermal keratinocytes. (PMID: 9115270) Robinson N.A. … Eckert R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. Proteomic analysis of podocyte exosome-enriched fraction from normal human urine. (PMID: 23376485) Prunotto M. … Moll S. (J Proteomics 2013) 3
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 4

Products for CNFN Gene

Sources for CNFN Gene

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