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Aliases for CIITA Gene

Aliases for CIITA Gene

  • Class II, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Transactivator 2 3
  • MHC2TA 3 4 6
  • MHC Class II Transactivator 2 3
  • C2TA 3 6
  • Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization Domain, Leucine Rich Repeat And Acid Domain Containing 3
  • Leucine Rich Repeat And Acid Domain Containing 2
  • Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization Domain 2
  • MHC Class II Transactivator Type III 3
  • NLR Family, Acid Domain Containing 3
  • Acid Domain Containing 2
  • EC 2.7.11.1 4
  • NLR Family 2
  • EC 2.3.1.- 4
  • CIITAIV 3
  • NLRA 3

External Ids for CIITA Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CIITA Gene

  • MHC2TA

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CIITA Gene

  • GC16P010971

Summaries for CIITA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CIITA Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein with an acidic transcriptional activation domain, 4 LRRs (leucine-rich repeats) and a GTP binding domain. The protein is located in the nucleus and acts as a positive regulator of class II major histocompatibility complex gene transcription, and is referred to as the "master control factor" for the expression of these genes. The protein also binds GTP and uses GTP binding to facilitate its own transport into the nucleus. Once in the nucleus it does not bind DNA but rather uses an intrinsic acetyltransferase (AT) activity to act in a coactivator-like fashion. Mutations in this gene have been associated with bare lymphocyte syndrome type II (also known as hereditary MHC class II deficiency or HLA class II-deficient combined immunodeficiency), increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and possibly myocardial infarction. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

GeneCards Summary for CIITA Gene

CIITA (Class II, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Transactivator) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CIITA include mhc class ii deficiency and staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome. Among its related pathways are Interferon Signaling and Interferon Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription coactivator activity and protein C-terminus binding. An important paralog of this gene is NLRX1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIITA Gene

  • Essential for transcriptional activity of the HLA class II promoter; activation is via the proximal promoter. No DNA binding of in vitro translated CIITA was detected. May act in a coactivator-like fashion through protein-protein interactions by contacting factors binding to the proximal MHC class II promoter, to elements of the transcription machinery, or both. Alternatively it may activate HLA class II transcription by modifying proteins that bind to the MHC class II promoter. Also mediates enhanced MHC class I transcription; the promoter element requirements for CIITA-mediated transcription are distinct from those of constitutive MHC class I transcription, and CIITA can functionally replace TAF1 at these genes. Exhibits intrinsic GTP-stimulated acetyltransferase activity. Exhibits serine/threonine protein kinase activity: can phosphorylate the TFIID component TAF7, the RAP74 subunit of the general transcription factor TFIIF, histone H2B at Ser-37 and other histones (in vitro).

Gene Wiki entry for CIITA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CIITA Gene

Genomics for CIITA Gene

Regulatory Elements for CIITA Gene

Genomic Location for CIITA Gene

Start:
10,866,228 bp from pter
End:
10,936,274 bp from pter
Size:
70,047 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CIITA Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CIITA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CIITA Gene

Proteins for CIITA Gene

  • Protein details for CIITA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P33076-C2TA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    MHC class II transactivator
    Protein Accession:
    P33076
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0N0N9
    • D3DUG0
    • E9PFE0
    • Q29675
    • Q8SNB8
    • Q96KL4

    Protein attributes for CIITA Gene

    Size:
    1130 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    123514 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ZXDA and ZXDC. Interacts with PML (isoform PML-2).

    Alternative splice isoforms for CIITA Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CIITA Gene

Proteomics data for CIITA Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CIITA Gene

Other Protein References for CIITA Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CIITA Gene

Domains for CIITA Gene

Gene Families for CIITA Gene

HGNC:
  • NLR :Nucleotide-binding domain and leucine rich repeat containing
IUPHAR :

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P33076

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

C2TA_HUMAN :
  • P33076
Domain:
  • The acetyltransferase domain is necessary for activation of both class I and class II transcription
  • The GTP-binding motif doesnt confer GTPase activity but promotes nuclear localization
  • Contains 1 NACHT domain.
Similarity:
  • Contains 4 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CIITA: view

Function for CIITA Gene

Molecular function for CIITA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Essential for transcriptional activity of the HLA class II promoter; activation is via the proximal promoter. No DNA binding of in vitro translated CIITA was detected. May act in a coactivator-like fashion through protein-protein interactions by contacting factors binding to the proximal MHC class II promoter, to elements of the transcription machinery, or both. Alternatively it may activate HLA class II transcription by modifying proteins that bind to the MHC class II promoter. Also mediates enhanced MHC class I transcription; the promoter element requirements for CIITA-mediated transcription are distinct from those of constitutive MHC class I transcription, and CIITA can functionally replace TAF1 at these genes. Exhibits intrinsic GTP-stimulated acetyltransferase activity. Exhibits serine/threonine protein kinase activity: can phosphorylate the TFIID component TAF7, the RAP74 subunit of the general transcription factor TFIIF, histone H2B at Ser-37 and other histones (in vitro).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CIITA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 NOT DNA binding TAS 15771576
GO:0003713 transcription coactivator activity TAS 7749984
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16600381
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CIITA: view

Animal Models for CIITA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CIITA:

miRNA for CIITA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CIITA

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CIITA Gene

Localization for CIITA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIITA Gene

Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Note=Recruited to PML body by PML.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CIITA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CIITA gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0009986 cell surface --
GO:0016605 PML body IDA 23007646
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view

Pathways for CIITA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CIITA: view

Pathways by source for CIITA Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for CIITA Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for CIITA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IMP 19041327
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response --
GO:0006955 immune response TAS 8402893
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view

Compounds for CIITA Gene

(56) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for CIITA Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
toxin-1 52.5 5
enterotoxin 45.1 5
glatiramer acetate 40.8 5
mdms 26.4 1
mannose 22.5 4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CIITA: view

Transcripts for CIITA Gene

Unigene Clusters for CIITA Gene

Class II, major histocompatibility complex, transactivator:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CIITA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - -
SP8: - -
SP9: -
SP10:
SP11:

ExUns: 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b · 21c ^ 22a · 22b
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for CIITA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CIITA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CIITA

Expression for CIITA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CIITA Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CIITA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (4.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CIITA Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CIITA Gene Hs.701991

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CIITA: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CIITA Gene

Orthologs for CIITA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CIITA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CIITA 35
  • 99.03 (n)
  • 98.67 (a)
CIITA 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CIITA 35
  • 80.89 (n)
  • 76.92 (a)
CIITA 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CIITA 35
  • 82.25 (n)
  • 79.33 (a)
CIITA 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ciita 35
  • 77.06 (n)
  • 74.48 (a)
Ciita 16
Ciita 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CIITA 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CIITA 36
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ciita 35
  • 77.02 (n)
  • 74.13 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CIITA 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
LOC416633 35
  • 52.21 (n)
  • 45.78 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CIITA 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ciita 35
  • 43.84 (n)
  • 33.02 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ciita 35
  • 46.56 (n)
  • 36.35 (a)
ciita 36
  • 31 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for CIITA:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CIITA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CIITA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CIITA (if available)

Paralogs for CIITA Gene

Paralogs for CIITA Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for CIITA Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CIITA: view

Variants for CIITA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CIITA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs4774 - 10,906,991(+) AGACG(C/G)CTTCG missense, reference, intron-variant
rs1139564 -- 10,924,765(+) GCTAA(C/T)GGGAC utr-variant-3-prime, nc-transcript-variant, intron-variant
rs1139565 -- 10,926,378(+) GTGTG(C/T)GCCTA intron-variant
rs2071170 -- 10,876,770(+) ATTTG(C/G)TGTGG upstream-variant-2KB, intron-variant
rs2228238 -- 10,909,047(+) GACAC(A/G)GTGGC synonymous-codon, reference, intron-variant

Relevant External Links for CIITA Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CIITA
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CIITA
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
CIITA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CIITA Gene

Disorders for CIITA Gene

(2) OMIM Diseases for CIITA Gene (600005)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

C2TA_HUMAN
  • Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 (BLS2) [MIM:209920]: A severe combined immunodeficiency disease with early onset. It is characterized by a profound defect in constitutive and interferon-gamma induced MHC II expression, absence of cellular and humoral T-cell response to antigen challenge, hypogammaglobulinemia and impaired antibody production. The consequence include extreme susceptibility to viral, bacterial and fungal infections. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10501838, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11466404, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11862382, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7749984, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8402893}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for CIITA Gene

(96) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for CIITA Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
bare lymphocyte syndrome 91.2 12
hla-do 73.5 1
toxic shock syndrome 52 5
immunodeficiency 51.6 27
autoimmune diseases 50.8 10

Relevant External Links for CIITA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CIITA
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CIITA
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CIITA: view

Publications for CIITA Gene

  1. Complementation cloning of an MHC class II transactivator mutated in hereditary MHC class II deficiency (or bare lymphocyte syndrome). (PMID: 8402893) Steimle V. … Mach B. (Cell 1993) 2 3 4 23
  2. Activation of class II MHC genes requires both the X box region and the class II transactivator (CIITA). (PMID: 7749984) Riley J.L. … Boss J.M. (Immunity 1995) 3 4 23
  3. Absence of MHC class II gene expression in a patient with a single amino acid substitution in the class II transactivator protein CIITA. (PMID: 10501838) Quan V. … Kelly A.P. (Immunogenetics 1999) 3 4 23
  4. GTP binding by class II transactivator: role in nuclear import. (PMID: 10464099) Harton J.A. … Ting J.P. (Science 1999) 3 4 23
  5. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in MHC2TA, the gene encoding the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA). (PMID: 11857059) Patarroyo J.C. … Zamvil S.S. (Genes Immun. 2002) 3 23 48

Products for CIITA Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for CIITA

Sources for CIITA Gene

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