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Aliases for CIITA Gene

Aliases for CIITA Gene

  • Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Transactivator 2 3
  • Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization Domain, Leucine Rich Repeat And Acid Domain Containing 2 3
  • Class II, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Transactivator 2 5
  • NLR Family, Acid Domain Containing 2 3
  • MHC Class II Transactivator 2 3
  • MHC2TA 3 4
  • MHC Class II Transactivator Type III 3
  • MHC Class II Transactivator Type I 3
  • EC 2.7.11.1 4
  • EC 2.3.1.- 4
  • CIITAIV 3
  • C2TA 3
  • NLRA 3

External Ids for CIITA Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CIITA Gene

  • MHC2TA

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CIITA Gene

  • GC16P010971

Summaries for CIITA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CIITA Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein with an acidic transcriptional activation domain, 4 LRRs (leucine-rich repeats) and a GTP binding domain. The protein is located in the nucleus and acts as a positive regulator of class II major histocompatibility complex gene transcription, and is referred to as the "master control factor" for the expression of these genes. The protein also binds GTP and uses GTP binding to facilitate its own transport into the nucleus. Once in the nucleus it does not bind DNA but rather uses an intrinsic acetyltransferase (AT) activity to act in a coactivator-like fashion. Mutations in this gene have been associated with bare lymphocyte syndrome type II (also known as hereditary MHC class II deficiency or HLA class II-deficient combined immunodeficiency), increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and possibly myocardial infarction. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]

GeneCards Summary for CIITA Gene

CIITA (Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Transactivator) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CIITA include Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome, Type Ii, Complementation Group C and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Among its related pathways are Tuberculosis and Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and protein complex binding. An important paralog of this gene is NOD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIITA Gene

  • Essential for transcriptional activity of the HLA class II promoter; activation is via the proximal promoter. No DNA binding of in vitro translated CIITA was detected. May act in a coactivator-like fashion through protein-protein interactions by contacting factors binding to the proximal MHC class II promoter, to elements of the transcription machinery, or both. Alternatively it may activate HLA class II transcription by modifying proteins that bind to the MHC class II promoter. Also mediates enhanced MHC class I transcription; the promoter element requirements for CIITA-mediated transcription are distinct from those of constitutive MHC class I transcription, and CIITA can functionally replace TAF1 at these genes. Exhibits intrinsic GTP-stimulated acetyltransferase activity. Exhibits serine/threonine protein kinase activity: can phosphorylate the TFIID component TAF7, the RAP74 subunit of the general transcription factor TFIIF, histone H2B at Ser-37 and other histones (in vitro).

Gene Wiki entry for CIITA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CIITA Gene

Genomics for CIITA Gene

Regulatory Elements for CIITA Gene

Enhancers for CIITA Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around CIITA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for CIITA Gene

Chromosome:
16
Start:
10,866,212 bp from pter
End:
10,941,449 bp from pter
Size:
75,238 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CIITA Gene

Genes around CIITA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CIITA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CIITA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CIITA Gene

Proteins for CIITA Gene

  • Protein details for CIITA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P33076-C2TA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    MHC class II transactivator
    Protein Accession:
    P33076
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0N0N9
    • D3DUG0
    • E9PFE0
    • Q29675
    • Q8SNB8
    • Q96KL4

    Protein attributes for CIITA Gene

    Size:
    1130 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    123514 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ZXDA and ZXDC. Interacts with PML (isoform PML-2).

    Alternative splice isoforms for CIITA Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CIITA Gene

Post-translational modifications for CIITA Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CIITA Gene

Domains & Families for CIITA Gene

Gene Families for CIITA Gene

HGNC:
IUPHAR :

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P33076

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

C2TA_HUMAN :
  • The acetyltransferase domain is necessary for activation of both class I and class II transcription.
  • Contains 4 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats.
Domain:
  • The acetyltransferase domain is necessary for activation of both class I and class II transcription.
  • The GTP-binding motif doesnt confer GTPase activity but promotes nuclear localization.
  • Contains 1 NACHT domain.
Similarity:
  • Contains 4 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CIITA: view

Function for CIITA Gene

Molecular function for CIITA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential for transcriptional activity of the HLA class II promoter; activation is via the proximal promoter. No DNA binding of in vitro translated CIITA was detected. May act in a coactivator-like fashion through protein-protein interactions by contacting factors binding to the proximal MHC class II promoter, to elements of the transcription machinery, or both. Alternatively it may activate HLA class II transcription by modifying proteins that bind to the MHC class II promoter. Also mediates enhanced MHC class I transcription; the promoter element requirements for CIITA-mediated transcription are distinct from those of constitutive MHC class I transcription, and CIITA can functionally replace TAF1 at these genes. Exhibits intrinsic GTP-stimulated acetyltransferase activity. Exhibits serine/threonine protein kinase activity: can phosphorylate the TFIID component TAF7, the RAP74 subunit of the general transcription factor TFIIF, histone H2B at Ser-37 and other histones (in vitro).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CIITA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 NOT DNA binding TAS 15771576
GO:0003713 transcription coactivator activity TAS 7749984
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16600381
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CIITA: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for CIITA Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for CIITA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CIITA:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for CIITA

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CIITA Gene

Localization for CIITA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIITA Gene

Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Note=Recruited to PML body by PML.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CIITA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CIITA gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 4
endosome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0009986 cell surface IEA --
GO:0016605 PML body IDA 23007646
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view

Pathways & Interactions for CIITA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CIITA: view

Pathways by source for CIITA Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for CIITA Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for CIITA Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for CIITA Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CIITA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IMP 19041327
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006955 immune response TAS 8402893
GO:0007568 aging IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CIITA: view

Drugs & Compounds for CIITA Gene

(30) Drugs for CIITA Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(26) Additional Compounds for CIITA Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CIITA: view

Transcripts for CIITA Gene

Unigene Clusters for CIITA Gene

Class II, major histocompatibility complex, transactivator:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for CIITA

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CIITA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - -
SP8: - -
SP9: -
SP10:
SP11:

ExUns: 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b · 21c ^ 22a · 22b
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for CIITA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CIITA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CIITA

Expression for CIITA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CIITA Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CIITA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (x4.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CIITA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (66.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CIITA Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CIITA Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CIITA Gene:

CIITA

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CIITA Gene:

Hs.701991
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CIITA: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CIITA Gene

Orthologs for CIITA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CIITA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CIITA 34
  • 80.89 (n)
  • 76.92 (a)
CIITA 35
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CIITA 34
  • 82.25 (n)
  • 79.33 (a)
CIITA 35
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ciita 34
  • 77.06 (n)
  • 74.48 (a)
Ciita 16
Ciita 35
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CIITA 34
  • 99.03 (n)
  • 98.67 (a)
CIITA 35
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ciita 34
  • 77.02 (n)
  • 74.13 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CIITA 35
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CIITA 35
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC416633 34
  • 52.21 (n)
  • 45.78 (a)
CIITA 35
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CIITA 35
  • 32 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ciita 34
  • 43.84 (n)
  • 33.02 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ciita 34
  • 46.56 (n)
  • 36.35 (a)
ciita 35
  • 31 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for CIITA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CIITA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CIITA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CIITA (if available)

Paralogs for CIITA Gene

Paralogs for CIITA Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for CIITA Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CIITA: view

Variants for CIITA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CIITA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs4774 - 10,906,991(+) AGACG(C/G)CTTCG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_015551 Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 (BLS2)
rs2229319 - 10,907,465(+) CCTGG(C/G)AGAGC intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_015553 Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 (BLS2)
rs2229317 - 10,895,362(+) ACCCC(A/C/G/T)TGTGC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CIITA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3637917 CNV loss 21293372
esv3637918 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1040428 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1069918 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1138412 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv571452 CNV loss 21841781

Variation tolerance for CIITA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 21.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.21; 62.04% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CIITA Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CIITA
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CIITA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CIITA Gene

Disorders for CIITA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for CIITA Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
bare lymphocyte syndrome, type ii, complementation group c
  • bare lymphocyte syndrome, type ii, complementation group e
rheumatoid arthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis, progression of
mhc class ii deficiency
  • severe combined immunodeficiency
staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome
  • bacterial toxic-shock syndrome
gray zone lymphoma
  • b-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large b-cell lymphoma and classical hodgkin lymphoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CIITA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

C2TA_HUMAN
  • Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 (BLS2) [MIM:209920]: A severe combined immunodeficiency disease with early onset. It is characterized by a profound defect in constitutive and interferon-gamma induced MHC II expression, absence of cellular and humoral T-cell response to antigen challenge, hypogammaglobulinemia and impaired antibody production. The consequence include extreme susceptibility to viral, bacterial and fungal infections. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10501838, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11466404, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11862382, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7749984, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8402893}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for CIITA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CIITA
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CIITA
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CIITA
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CIITA: view

No data available for Genatlas for CIITA Gene

Publications for CIITA Gene

  1. CIITA variation in the presence of HLA-DRB1*1501 increases risk for multiple sclerosis. (PMID: 20211854) Bronson P.G. … Barcellos L.F. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2010) 3 22 46 65
  2. Autoimmune disease association signals in CIITA and KIAA0350 are not involved in celiac disease susceptibility. (PMID: 19317741) Dema B. … NA_A+ez C. (Tissue Antigens 2009) 3 22 46 65
  3. Polymorphisms in CLEC16A and CIITA at 16p13 are associated with primary adrenal insufficiency. (PMID: 18593762) Skinningsrud B. … Undlien D.E. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2008) 3 22 46 65
  4. ZXDC, a novel zinc finger protein that binds CIITA and activates MHC gene transcription. (PMID: 16600381) Al-Kandari W. … Fontes J.D. (Mol. Immunol. 2007) 3 4 22 65
  5. The zinc finger proteins ZXDA and ZXDC form a complex that binds CIITA and regulates MHC II gene transcription. (PMID: 17493635) Al-Kandari W. … Fontes J.D. (J. Mol. Biol. 2007) 3 4 22 65

Products for CIITA Gene

Sources for CIITA Gene

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