Aliases for CHRM2 Gene
External Ids for CHRM2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHRM2 Gene
The muscarinic cholinergic receptors belong to a larger family of G protein-coupled receptors. The functional diversity of these receptors is defined by the binding of acetylcholine to these receptors and includes cellular responses such as adenylate cyclase inhibition, phosphoinositide degeneration, and potassium channel mediation. Muscarinic receptors influence many effects of acetylcholine in the central and peripheral nervous system. The muscarinic cholinergic receptor 2 is involved in mediation of bradycardia and a decrease in cardiac contractility. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CHRM2 Gene
CHRM2 (Cholinergic Receptor, Muscarinic 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHRM2 include tendinosis and neurogenic bladder. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled acetylcholine receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CHRM4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRM2 Gene
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor mediates various cellular responses, including inhibition of adenylate cyclase, breakdown of phosphoinositides and modulation of potassium channels through the action of G proteins. Primary transducing effect is adenylate cyclase inhibition. Signaling promotes phospholipase C activity, leading to the release of inositol trisphosphate (IP3); this then triggers calcium ion release into the cytosol.
Muscarinic receptors are widely distributed throughout the body and control distinct functions according to location and subtype (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5). They are predominantly expressed in the parasympathetic nervous system where they exert both inhibitory and excitatory effects. Muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists could prove useful in the research and treatment of a wide range of central nervous system diseases including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.