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Aliases for CHRD Gene

Aliases for CHRD Gene

  • Chordin 2 3 5

External Ids for CHRD Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHRD Gene

  • GC03P180570
  • GC03P185091
  • GC03P185499
  • GC03P185419
  • GC03P185421
  • GC03P185580
  • GC03P184097
  • GC03P181483

Summaries for CHRD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CHRD Gene

  • This gene encodes a secreted protein that dorsalizes early vertebrate embryonic tissues by binding to ventralizing TGF-beta-like bone morphogenetic proteins and sequestering them in latent complexes. The encoded protein may also have roles in organogenesis and during adulthood. It has been suggested that this gene could be a candidate gene for Cornelia de Lange syndrome. Reduced expression of this gene results in enhanced bone regeneration. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Other alternative splice variants have been described but their full length sequence has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

GeneCards Summary for CHRD Gene

CHRD (Chordin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHRD include cornelia de lange syndrome. Among its related pathways are TGF-beta signaling pathway (KEGG) and Signaling by BMP. GO annotations related to this gene include heparin binding and syndecan binding. An important paralog of this gene is CHRDL2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRD Gene

  • Dorsalizing factor. Key developmental protein that dorsalizes early vertebrate embryonic tissues by binding to ventralizing TGF-beta family bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and sequestering them in latent complexes (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CHRD Gene

Genomics for CHRD Gene

Regulatory Elements for CHRD Gene

Promoters for CHRD Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CHRD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CHRD gene promoter:

Genomic Location for CHRD Gene

Chromosome:
3
Start:
184,380,073 bp from pter
End:
184,390,736 bp from pter
Size:
10,664 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CHRD Gene

Genes around CHRD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CHRD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CHRD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CHRD Gene

Proteins for CHRD Gene

  • Protein details for CHRD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9H2X0-CHRD_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Chordin
    Protein Accession:
    Q9H2X0
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O95254
    • Q2M1I8
    • Q6UW83
    • Q9H2D3
    • Q9H2W8
    • Q9H2W9
    • Q9P0Z2
    • Q9P0Z3
    • Q9P0Z4
    • Q9P0Z5

    Protein attributes for CHRD Gene

    Size:
    955 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    102032 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with TWSG1 and/or BMP4.

    Alternative splice isoforms for CHRD Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CHRD Gene

Proteomics data for CHRD Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CHRD Gene

  • Cleaved by tolloid proteases; cleavage participates in dorsoventral patterning during early development.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 217, Asn 351, Asn 365, and Asn 434
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CHRD Gene

Domains & Families for CHRD Gene

Protein Domains for CHRD Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CHRD Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9H2X0

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CHRD_HUMAN :
  • Contains 4 CHRD domains.
  • Belongs to the chordin family.
Domain:
  • Contains 4 CHRD domains.
  • Contains 4 VWFC domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the chordin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CHRD: view

No data available for Gene Families for CHRD Gene

Function for CHRD Gene

Molecular function for CHRD Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
chordin,developmental protein,highly conserved,inhibiting the ventralizing activity of bone morphogenetic proteins,active during gastrulation,expressed in fetal and adult liver and cerebellum
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Dorsalizing factor. Key developmental protein that dorsalizes early vertebrate embryonic tissues by binding to ventralizing TGF-beta family bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and sequestering them in latent complexes (By similarity).

LifeMap Function Summary for CHRD Gene

During embryonic development, CHRD as signaling molecule is secreted from the following cells

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CHRD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008201 heparin binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRD: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CHRD: view

Animal Models for CHRD Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CHRD:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CHRD Gene

Localization for CHRD Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRD Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CHRD Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CHRD gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 2
plasma membrane 2
lysosome 1
nucleus 1
vacuole 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CHRD Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CHRD Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CHRD: view

Pathways by source for CHRD Gene

1 GeneTex pathway for CHRD Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for CHRD Gene
1 KEGG pathway for CHRD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CHRD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation IEA --
GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second IEA --
GO:0002053 positive regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation IMP 18533030
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007389 pattern specification process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHRD: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CHRD Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CHRD Gene

(2) Drugs for CHRD Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(5) Additional Compounds for CHRD Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CHRD: view

Transcripts for CHRD Gene

Unigene Clusters for CHRD Gene

Chordin:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CHRD Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - -
SP8:
SP9: - - - - -
SP10: - -
SP11: - - - -
SP12: -
SP13:
SP14:

ExUns: 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20a · 20b ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23 ^ 24 ^ 25a · 25b
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP3: -
SP4: -
SP5: - -
SP6: - -
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:

Relevant External Links for CHRD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CHRD
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CHRD

Expression for CHRD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CHRD Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CHRD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x8.9), Brain - Cerebellum (x5.2), and Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x4.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CHRD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (55.9) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CHRD Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CHRD Gene Hs.166186

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CHRD Gene

Q9H2X0-CHRD_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed at the highest level in liver.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CHRD: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CHRD Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for CHRD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CHRD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CHRD 35
  • 89.23 (n)
  • 91.21 (a)
CHRD 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CHRD 35
  • 90.46 (n)
  • 92.71 (a)
CHRD 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Chrd 35
  • 85.64 (n)
  • 87.12 (a)
Chrd 16
Chrd 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CHRD 35
  • 99.33 (n)
  • 99.25 (a)
CHRD 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Chrd 35
  • 84.81 (n)
  • 86.47 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CHRD 36
  • 33 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CHRD 36
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CHRD 35
  • 64.32 (n)
  • 57.95 (a)
CHRD 36
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CHRD 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia chrd 35
  • 59.02 (n)
  • 54.33 (a)
Str.2204 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398045 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii chd 35
  • 56.38 (n)
  • 49.83 (a)
chd 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta sog 37
  • 29 (a)
sog 35
  • 44.92 (n)
  • 31.69 (a)
sog 36
  • 17 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000472 35
  • 38.9 (n)
  • 23.44 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 29 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for CHRD:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CHRD Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CHRD (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CHRD (if available)

Paralogs for CHRD Gene

Paralogs for CHRD Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for CHRD Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CHRD: view

Variants for CHRD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CHRD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs16858780 - 184,386,115(+) CCCTG(A/C)TGATC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_048727 -
rs2293606 -- 184,388,705(-) CCAAA(A/C)GGGGG nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs1881972 -- 184,388,429(-) ACGGA(C/T)GGATG intron-variant
rs2239856 -- 184,382,168(-) CTGAG(C/T)CTCAG intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CHRD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv878060 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv829813 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2422400 CNV Duplication 17116639
esv25970 CNV Loss 19812545
nsv511206 CNV Gain 21212237
nsv518580 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for CHRD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 71.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.74; 86.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CHRD Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CHRD

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHRD Gene

Disorders for CHRD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CHRD Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cornelia de lange syndrome
  • brachmann de lange syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CHRD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CHRD

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CHRD
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CHRD
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CHRD
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CHRD: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CHRD Gene

Publications for CHRD Gene

  1. Coding sequence and expression patterns of mouse chordin and mapping of the cognate mouse chrd and human CHRD genes. (PMID: 9782094) Pappano W.N. … Greenspan D.S. (Genomics 1998) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. The human chordin gene encodes several differentially expressed spliced variants with distinct BMP opposing activities. (PMID: 11472837) Millet C. … Francois V. (Mech. Dev. 2001) 2 3 23
  3. Regional and cellular localisation of BMPs and their inhibitors' expression in human fractures. (PMID: 19023570) Kwong F.N. … Freemont A.J. (Int Orthop 2009) 3 23
  4. Chordin knockdown enhances the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. (PMID: 18533030) Kwong F.N. … Evans C.H. (Arthritis Res. Ther. 2008) 3 23
  5. Chordin is underexpressed in ovarian tumors and reduces tumor cell motility. (PMID: 16449796) Moll F. … FranAsois V. (FASEB J. 2006) 3 23

Products for CHRD Gene

Sources for CHRD Gene

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