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Aliases for CHP2 Gene

Aliases for CHP2 Gene

  • Calcineurin Like EF-Hand Protein 2 2 3 5
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma-Associated Antigen 520 4
  • HCA520 4

External Ids for CHP2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CHP2 Gene

  • GC16P023674
  • GC16P021855

Summaries for CHP2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CHP2 Gene

  • This gene product is a small calcium-binding protein that regulates cell pH by controlling plasma membrane-type Na+/H+ exchange activity. This protein shares sequence similarity with calcineurin B and can bind to and stimulate the protein phosphatase activity of calcineurin A (CnA) and functions in the calcineurin/NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) signaling pathway. Another member of the CHP subfamily, Calcineurin B homologous protein 1, is located on Chromosome 15 and is an inhibitor of calcineurin activity and has a genetic phenotype associated with Parkinson's Disease (OMIM:606988). This gene was initially identified as a tumor-associated antigen and was previously referred to as Hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen 520. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for CHP2 Gene

CHP2 (Calcineurin Like EF-Hand Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CHP2 include Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is CHP1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHP2 Gene

  • Functions as an integral cofactor in cell pH regulation by controlling plasma membrane-type Na(+)/H(+) exchange activity. Binds to and activates SLC9A1/NHE1 in a serum-independent manner, thus increasing pH and protecting cells from serum deprivation-induced death. Also plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation and tumor growth by increasing the phosphatase activity of PPP3CA in a calcium-dependent manner. Activator of the calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway. Involved in the cytoplasmic translocation of the transcription factor NFATC3 to the nucleus.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CHP2 Gene

Genomics for CHP2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CHP2 Gene

Enhancers for CHP2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH16F023785 0.6 ENCODE 28.6 +32.2 32208 1.9 BCOR RAD51 BCL11A USF2 POU5F1 KDM1A CHP2 PRKCB ENSG00000279756 GC16M023816
GH16F023803 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 20.1 +49.1 49135 1.1 YBX3 HDGF HDAC1 CBX3 ARNT NFRKB ZBTB40 ZNF2 RAD21 CHAMP1 PRKCB CHP2 GC16M023816 ENSG00000279756
GH16F023763 0.4 ENCODE 18.1 +10.1 10063 2.6 ZNF316 MAFG MNT MAFK PRKCB CHP2 ENSG00000279756 GC16M023816
GH16F023784 0.8 ENCODE 17.9 +30.4 30368 0.2 HDAC1 PKNOX1 ATF1 TBL1XR1 CREB3L1 INSM2 KLF17 CHAMP1 CBX5 GATA2 PRKCB CHP2 ENSG00000279756 GC16M023816
GH16F023806 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 17.3 +52.8 52774 1.2 IKZF1 MGA SPI1 CHP2 PRKCB GGA2 GC16M023816 ENSG00000279756
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around CHP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CHP2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001800482 473 201 HDAC1 ATF1 UBTF ZBTB40 ZNF316 ZFHX2 ZNF600 E2F6 EGR2 EZH2

Genomic Location for CHP2 Gene

Chromosome:
16
Start:
23,754,627 bp from pter
End:
23,758,951 bp from pter
Size:
4,325 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CHP2 Gene

Genes around CHP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CHP2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CHP2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CHP2 Gene

Proteins for CHP2 Gene

  • Protein details for CHP2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43745-CHP2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Calcineurin B homologous protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    O43745
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K2I8

    Protein attributes for CHP2 Gene

    Size:
    196 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    22452 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with PPP3CA. Interacts with SLC9A1/NHE1; the interaction occurs in a calcium-dependent manner.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CHP2 Gene

neXtProt entry for CHP2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CHP2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for CHP2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CHP2 Gene

Domains & Families for CHP2 Gene

Gene Families for CHP2 Gene

Protein Domains for CHP2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CHP2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O43745

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CHP2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 4 EF-hand domains.
  • Belongs to the calcineurin regulatory subunit family. CHP subfamily.
Domain:
  • Contains 4 EF-hand domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the calcineurin regulatory subunit family. CHP subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CHP2: view

Function for CHP2 Gene

Molecular function for CHP2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Functions as an integral cofactor in cell pH regulation by controlling plasma membrane-type Na(+)/H(+) exchange activity. Binds to and activates SLC9A1/NHE1 in a serum-independent manner, thus increasing pH and protecting cells from serum deprivation-induced death. Also plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation and tumor growth by increasing the phosphatase activity of PPP3CA in a calcium-dependent manner. Activator of the calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway. Involved in the cytoplasmic translocation of the transcription factor NFATC3 to the nucleus.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CHP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IDA 21392185
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21392185
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHP2: view

Phenotypes for CHP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CHP2: view

Animal Models for CHP2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CHP2:
  • Chp2 tm1b(KOMP)Mbp

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CHP2 Gene

Localization for CHP2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHP2 Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Note=Predominantly localized in a juxtanuclear region. Colocalizes with SLC9A3 in the juxtanuclear region and at the plasma membrane (By similarity). Exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm through a nuclear export signal (NES) pathway. May shuttle between nucleus and cytoplasm. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CHP2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CHP2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CHP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21392185
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 21392185
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA 21392185
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHP2: view

Pathways & Interactions for CHP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CHP2: view

Pathways by source for CHP2 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for CHP2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CHP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IDA 18815128
GO:0010922 positive regulation of phosphatase activity IDA 18815128
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
GO:0042307 positive regulation of protein import into nucleus IDA 18815128
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CHP2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CHP2 Gene

Transcripts for CHP2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CHP2 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(37) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CHP2 Gene

Calcineurin-like EF-hand protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CHP2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CHP2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CHP2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CHP2

Expression for CHP2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for CHP2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CHP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Transverse (x15.2), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x11.3), Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x10.1), and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x9.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CHP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Monocytes (34.2), Skin (9.7), Colon (7.4), and Rectum (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CHP2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CHP2 Gene:

CHP2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CHP2 Gene:

Hs.178589

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CHP2 Gene:

O43745-CHP2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in malignantly transformed cells but not detected in normal tissues.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CHP2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for CHP2 Gene

Orthologs for CHP2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for CHP2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CHP2 34 35
  • 99.83 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CHP2 35
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CHP2 34 35
  • 85.03 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Chp2 34 16 35
  • 83.84 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Chp2 34
  • 83.84 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CHP2 35
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CHP2 35
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii chp2 34 35
  • 64.95 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7594 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta elm 35
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pbo-1 34 35
  • 53.62 (n)
ZK856.8 35
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
F59D6.7 35
  • 45 (a)
ManyToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CNB1 35
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for CHP2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CHP2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CHP2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CHP2 (if available)

Paralogs for CHP2 Gene

Paralogs for CHP2 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for CHP2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CHP2: view

Variants for CHP2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CHP2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs109592 -- 23,757,389(+) GGAAA(C/T)GTTCA intron-variant
rs111442011 -- 23,755,539(+) TCCCC(A/G)GGATG intron-variant
rs111473912 -- 23,757,473(+) GAGGT(C/T)GGGAG intron-variant
rs111825074 -- 23,753,136(+) ACCTG(-/T)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs111982542 -- 23,755,408(+) GCTGA(C/T)GGCGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CHP2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1064223 CNV loss 25217958
nsv510681 CNV deletion 20534489

Variation tolerance for CHP2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 88.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.66; 56.95% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CHP2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CHP2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CHP2 Gene

Disorders for CHP2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for CHP2 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CHP2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CHP2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CHP2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CHP2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CHP2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CHP2 Gene

Publications for CHP2 Gene

  1. Expression of calcineurin B homologous protein 2 protects serum deprivation-induced cell death by serum-independent activation of Na+/H+ exchanger. (PMID: 12226101) Pang T. … Shigekawa M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Duffy-null-associated low neutrophil counts influence HIV-1 susceptibility in high-risk South African black women. (PMID: 21507922) Ramsuran V. … Ndung'u T. (Clin. Infect. Dis. 2011) 3 46 64
  3. Nuclear accumulation of calcineurin B homologous protein 2 (CHP2) results in enhanced proliferation of tumor cells. (PMID: 21392185) Li Q.H. … Pang T.X. (Genes Cells 2011) 3 4 64
  4. CHP2 activates the calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells signaling pathway and enhances the oncogenic potential of HEK293 cells. (PMID: 18815128) Li G.D. … Zhang Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 3 4 64
  5. Overexpression of CHP2 enhances tumor cell growth, invasion and metastasis in ovarian cancer. (PMID: 17708351) Jin Q. … Yang Q. (In Vivo 2007) 3 22 64

Products for CHP2 Gene

Sources for CHP2 Gene

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