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Aliases for CGB5 Gene

Aliases for CGB5 Gene

  • Chorionic Gonadotropin, Beta Polypeptide 5 2 3
  • Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta 5 Subunit 3
  • Chorionic Gonadotrophin Chain Beta 4
  • CGB CGB5 CGB7 CGB8 4
  • CG-Beta 4
  • CGB3 4
  • HCG 3

External Ids for CGB5 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CGB5 Gene

  • GC19P050194
  • GC19P049915
  • GC19P054223
  • GC19P054227
  • GC19P054238
  • GC19P049547
  • GC19P045923

Summaries for CGB5 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CGB5 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the glycoprotein hormone beta chain family and encodes the beta 5 subunit of chorionic gonadotropin (CG). Glycoprotein hormones are heterodimers consisting of a common alpha subunit and an unique beta subunit which confers biological specificity. CG is produced by the trophoblastic cells of the placenta and stimulates the ovaries to synthesize the steroids that are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. The beta subunit of CG is encoded by 6 genes which are arranged in tandem and inverted pairs on chromosome 19q13.3 and contiguous with the luteinizing hormone beta subunit gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CGB5 Gene

CGB5 (Chorionic Gonadotropin, Beta Polypeptide 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CGB5 include corpus luteum cyst and malignant sertoli cell tumor. Among its related pathways are Biosynthesis of the N-glycan precursor (dolichol lipid-linked oligosaccharide, LLO) and transfer to a nascent protein and Peptide hormone metabolism. An important paralog of this gene is TSHB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CGB5 Gene

  • Stimulates the ovaries to synthesize the steroids that are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CGB5 Gene

Genomics for CGB5 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CGB5 Gene

Genomic Location for CGB5 Gene

49,043,845 bp from pter
49,045,311 bp from pter
1,467 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for CGB5 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CGB5 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CGB5 Gene

Proteins for CGB5 Gene

  • Protein details for CGB5 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Choriogonadotropin subunit beta
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1A5E0
    • B9ZVP5
    • Q13991
    • Q14000
    • Q3KPI3
    • Q3SY41
    • Q8WTT5
    • Q8WXL1
    • Q8WXL2
    • Q8WXL3
    • Q8WXL4

    Protein attributes for CGB5 Gene

    165 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    17739 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer of a common alpha chain and a unique beta chain which confers biological specificity to thyrotropin, lutropin, follitropin and gonadotropin
    • Sequence=CAA25068.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA25069.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CGB5 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for CGB5 Gene


neXtProt entry for CGB5 Gene

Proteomics data for CGB5 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CGB5 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn33, Asn50, Ser141, Ser147, Ser152, and Ser158
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CGB5 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CGB5 Gene

Domains for CGB5 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycoprotein hormones subunit beta family.
  • Belongs to the glycoprotein hormones subunit beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CGB5: view

No data available for Gene Families and Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CGB5 Gene

Function for CGB5 Gene

Molecular function for CGB5 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Stimulates the ovaries to synthesize the steroids that are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CGB5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005179 hormone activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB5: view

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CGB5

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CGB5 Gene

Localization for CGB5 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CGB5 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CGB5 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CGB5 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CGB5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB5: view

Pathways for CGB5 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CGB5: view

Pathways by source for CGB5 Gene

Interacting Proteins for CGB5 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: P01233-CGHB_HUMAN ENSP00000301408 for CGB5 Gene via MINT I2D STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CGB5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006915 apoptotic process --
GO:0007165 signal transduction --
GO:0007267 cell-cell signaling --
GO:0007292 female gamete generation --
GO:0016486 peptide hormone processing --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB5: view

Drugs for CGB5 Gene


Pharmaceutical: Available under the names Novarel (Ferring) and Profasi (Serono). Used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of obesity. There is no substantial evidence that it increases weight loss beyond that resulting from caloric restriction, that it causes a more attractive or normal distribution of fat, or that it decreases the hunger and discomfort associated with calorie-restricted diets

(1) ApexBio Compounds for CGB5 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone human acetate salt (LHRH) [71447-49-9]

(140) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for CGB5 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
progesterone 79.4 268
testosterone 73.2 195
gnrh 72.2 191
estradiol 69.8 105
b 152 65.9 3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CGB5: view

Transcripts for CGB5 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CGB5 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(247) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CGB5 Gene

Chorionic gonadotropin, beta polypeptide 5:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CGB5

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CGB5 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CGB5 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CGB5 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CGB5 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CGB5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (18.0), Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (6.2), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (6.1), Prostate (5.2), and Pituitary (5.1).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CGB5 Gene Hs.172944

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CGB5 Gene

Tissue specificity: Placenta
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CGB5: view

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Expression partners for CGB5 Gene

Orthologs for CGB5 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CGB5 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LHB 36
  • 65 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LHB 36
  • 64 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LHB 36
  • 55 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lhb 36
  • 62 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 97 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 36 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lhb 36
  • 39 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CGB5:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CGB5 Gene

Gene Tree for CGB5 (if available)
Gene Tree for CGB5 (if available)

Paralogs for CGB5 Gene

Paralogs for CGB5 Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for CGB5 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CGB5: view

Variants for CGB5 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CGB5 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs14207 -- 49,044,201(+) GGGAC(A/G)CACCA utr-variant-5-prime, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1058651 -- 49,044,104(+) CGAAG(G/T)TTAGT utr-variant-5-prime, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1058657 -- 49,044,121(+) CTCAC(C/T)CCAGC utr-variant-5-prime, upstream-variant-2KB
rs3956245 -- 49,044,388(+) GAAAT(G/T)TTGGG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs4002422 -- 49,044,395(+) TGGGG(C/T)ATCTC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CGB5 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv9739 CNV Gain+Loss 18304495
nsv833857 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv912248 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3970n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv833859 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv912251 CNV Loss 21882294
esv22462 CNV Gain 19812545
nsv912252 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv592n67 CNV Loss 20364138
esv2718698 CNV Deletion 23290073

Relevant External Links for CGB5 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CGB5 Gene

Disorders for CGB5 Gene

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for CGB5 Gene

(93) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for CGB5 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
choriocarcinoma 92.2 142
trophoblastic disease 90.7 60
hydatidiform mole 90 74
gestational trophoblastic disease 89.1 51
trophoblastic tumor 89 18

Relevant External Links for CGB5

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CGB5: view

No data available for OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CGB5 Gene

Publications for CGB5 Gene

  1. The beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin is encoded by multiple genes. (PMID: 6194155) Policastro P. … Boime I. (J. Biol. Chem. 1983) 2 3 4
  2. A map of the hCG beta-LH beta gene cluster. (PMID: 2422163) Policastro P.F. … Boime I. (J. Biol. Chem. 1986) 3 4
  3. Crystal structure of human chorionic gonadotropin. (PMID: 8202136) Lapthorn A.J. … Isaacs N.W. (Nature 1994) 3 4
  4. The ISOBM TD-7 Workshop on hCG and related molecules. Towards user-oriented standardization of pregnancy and tumor diagnosis: assignment of epitopes to the three-dimensional structure of diagnostically and commercially relevant monoclonal antibodies directed against human chorionic gonadotropin and derivatives. (PMID: 11893904) Berger P. … Stenman U.H. (Tumour Biol. 2002) 3 23
  5. A large-scale candidate gene association study of age at menarche and age at natural menopause. (PMID: 20734064) He C. … Hunter D.J. (Hum. Genet. 2010) 3 48

Products for CGB5 Gene

Sources for CGB5 Gene

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