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Aliases for CGB1 Gene

Aliases for CGB1 Gene

  • Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit 1 2 3 5
  • Chorionic Gonadotropin, Beta Polypeptide 1 2

External Ids for CGB1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CGB1 Gene

  • GC19M050185
  • GC19M049895
  • GC19M054203
  • GC19M054219
  • GC19M054230
  • GC19M054224
  • GC19M049538
  • GC19M045915

Summaries for CGB1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CGB1 Gene

  • The beta subunit of chorionic gonadotropin (CGB) is encoded by six highly homologous and structurally similar genes that are arranged in tandem and inverted pairs on chromosome 19q13.3, and contiguous with the luteinizing hormone beta (LHB) subunit gene. The CGB genes are primarily distinguished by differences in the 5' untranscribed region. This gene was originally thought to be one of the two pseudogenes (CGB1 and CGB2) of CGB subunit, however, detection of CGB1 and CGB2 transcripts in vivo, and their presence on the polysomes, suggested that these transcripts are translated. To date, a protein product corresponding to CGB1 has not been isolated. The deduced sequence of the hypothetical protein of 132 aa does not share any similarity with that of functional CGB subunits (PMID:8954017). However, a 155 aa protein, translated from a different frame, is about the same size, and shares 98% identity with other CGB subunits. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CGB1 Gene

CGB1 (Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is CGB5.

Gene Wiki entry for CGB1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CGB1 Gene

Genomics for CGB1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CGB1 Gene


Genomic Location for CGB1 Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
49,035,569 bp from pter
End:
49,036,934 bp from pter
Size:
1,366 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CGB1 Gene

Genes around CGB1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CGB1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CGB1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CGB1 Gene

Proteins for CGB1 Gene

  • Protein details for CGB1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    A6NKQ9-CGB1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Choriogonadotropin subunit beta variant 1
    Protein Accession:
    A6NKQ9
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4FVC8
    • A8MUK6

    Protein attributes for CGB1 Gene

    Size:
    187 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    20468 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for CGB1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CGB1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CGB1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at posLast=6363 and posLast=8080
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CGB1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CGB1 Gene

Domains & Families for CGB1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CGB1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

A6NKQ9

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CGB1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the glycoprotein hormones subunit beta family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the glycoprotein hormones subunit beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CGB1: view

No data available for Gene Families for CGB1 Gene

Function for CGB1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CGB1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005179 hormone activity IMP 19523396
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CGB1: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CGB1 Gene

Localization for CGB1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CGB1 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CGB1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CGB1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB1: view

Pathways & Interactions for CGB1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for CGB1 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000301407%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000349954%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000301408%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000358595%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000352295%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000403649%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000301407 A6NKQ9-CGB1_HUMAN for CGB1 Gene via STRING IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CGB1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA --
GO:0007267 cell-cell signaling IBA --
GO:0009755 hormone-mediated signaling pathway IBA --
GO:0030728 ovulation IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CGB1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for CGB1 Gene

Transcripts for CGB1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CGB1 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(409) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CGB1 Gene

Chorionic gonadotropin, beta polypeptide 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CGB1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CGB1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CGB1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CGB1

Expression for CGB1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for CGB1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CGB1 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CGB1 Gene:

CGB1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CGB1 Gene:

Hs.659014

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CGB1 Gene:

A6NKQ9-CGB1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in placenta, testis and pituitary.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CGB1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CGB1 Gene

Orthologs for CGB1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CGB1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LHB 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LHB 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToMany
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lhb 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LHB 35
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 36 (a)
OneToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lhb 35
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for CGB1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CGB1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CGB1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CGB1 (if available)

Paralogs for CGB1 Gene

Paralogs for CGB1 Gene

(8) SIMAP similar genes for CGB1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CGB1: view

Variants for CGB1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CGB1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000388115 -- 49,038,170(+) GAGAG(C/T)TGATC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000442863 -- 49,038,348(+) CAGAC(A/C)GTTGA upstream-variant-2KB
rs1002542292 -- 49,038,918(+) GAAAG(A/G/T)CTCCA upstream-variant-2KB
rs1002736778 -- 49,036,378(+) TGGTA(C/T)ACCAC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1002813143 -- 49,036,922(+) CCCTC(A/C)CTGGC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CGB1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv592n67 CNV loss 20364138
esv22462 CNV gain 19812545
esv2718698 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv579907 CNV loss 21841781
nsv833857 CNV loss 17160897
nsv833859 CNV loss 17160897
nsv953598 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv9739 CNV gain+loss 18304495
nsv978832 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for CGB1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 82.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.08; 80.40% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CGB1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CGB1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CGB1 Gene

Disorders for CGB1 Gene

Relevant External Links for CGB1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CGB1

No disorders were found for CGB1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CGB1 Gene

Publications for CGB1 Gene

  1. The evolution and genomic landscape of CGB1 and CGB2 genes. (PMID: 17055150) Hallast P. … Laan M. (Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 2007) 3 22 64
  2. Analysis of the human CGB/LHB gene cluster in breast tumors by real-time quantitative RT-PCR assays. (PMID: 11368883) Giovangrandi Y. … BiA"che I. (Cancer Lett. 2001) 3 22 64
  3. The beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin is encoded by multiple genes. (PMID: 6194155) Policastro P. … Boime I. (J. Biol. Chem. 1983) 2 3 64
  4. Novel insights into the expression of CGB1 & 2 genes by epithelial cancer cell lines secreting ectopic free hCGI^. (PMID: 24778026) Burczynska B.B. … Iles R.K. (Anticancer Res. 2014) 3 64
  5. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit Genes CGB1 and CGB2 are Transcriptionally Active in Ovarian Cancer. (PMID: 23774837) Kubiczak M. … Jankowska A. (Int J Mol Sci 2013) 3 64

Products for CGB1 Gene

Sources for CGB1 Gene

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