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Aliases for CENPN Gene

Aliases for CENPN Gene

  • Centromere Protein N 2 3
  • Interphase Centromere Complex Protein 32 3 4
  • C16orf60 3 4
  • CENP-N 3 4
  • ICEN32 3 4
  • Chromosome 16 Open Reading Frame 60 2
  • BM039 3

External Ids for CENPN Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CENPN Gene

  • C16orf60

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CENPN Gene

  • GC16P079598
  • GC16P066796

Summaries for CENPN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CENPN Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene forms part of the nucleosome-associated complex and is important for kinetochore assembly. It is bound to kinetochores during S phase and G2 and recruits other proteins to the centromere. Pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosome 2. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]

GeneCards Summary for CENPN Gene

CENPN (Centromere Protein N) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and Cell Cycle, Mitotic.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPN Gene

  • Component of the CENPA-NAC (nucleosome-associated) complex, a complex that plays a central role in assembly of kinetochore proteins, mitotic progression and chromosome segregation. The CENPA-NAC complex recruits the CENPA-CAD (nucleosome distal) complex and may be involved in incorporation of newly synthesized CENPA into centromeres. CENPN is the first protein to bind specifically to CENPA nucleosomes and the direct binding of CENPA nucleosomes by CENPN is required for centromere assembly. Required for chromosome congression and efficiently align the chromosomes on a metaphase plate.

Gene Wiki entry for CENPN Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CENPN Gene

Genomics for CENPN Gene

Regulatory Elements for CENPN Gene

Genomic Location for CENPN Gene

Start:
81,006,498 bp from pter
End:
81,033,114 bp from pter
Size:
26,617 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for CENPN Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CENPN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CENPN Gene

Proteins for CENPN Gene

  • Protein details for CENPN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q96H22-CENPN_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Centromere protein N
    Protein Accession:
    Q96H22
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8MZE6
    • B3KN53
    • B4DJD1
    • B4DPY7
    • C9JJM5
    • D3DUK8
    • E7ES30
    • E7ETS3
    • Q9NZ83

    Protein attributes for CENPN Gene

    Size:
    339 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39555 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the CENPA-NAC complex, at least composed of CENPA, CENPC, CENPH, CENPM, CENPN, CENPT and CENPU. The CENPA-NAC complex interacts with the CENPA-CAD complex, composed of CENPI, CENPK, CENPL, CENPO, CENPP, CENPQ, CENPR and CENPS. Interacts directly with CENPA.

    Alternative splice isoforms for CENPN Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for CENPN Gene

Proteomics data for CENPN Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CENPN Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys207 and Lys276
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CENPN Gene

Domains for CENPN Gene

Protein Domains for CENPN Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CENPN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CENPN: view

No data available for Gene Families and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPN Gene

Function for CENPN Gene

Molecular function for CENPN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Component of the CENPA-NAC (nucleosome-associated) complex, a complex that plays a central role in assembly of kinetochore proteins, mitotic progression and chromosome segregation. The CENPA-NAC complex recruits the CENPA-CAD (nucleosome distal) complex and may be involved in incorporation of newly synthesized CENPA into centromeres. CENPN is the first protein to bind specifically to CENPA nucleosomes and the direct binding of CENPA nucleosomes by CENPN is required for centromere assembly. Required for chromosome congression and efficiently align the chromosomes on a metaphase plate.

Phenotypes for CENPN Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for CENPN:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CENPN: view

miRNA for CENPN Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CENPN

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CENPN Gene

Localization for CENPN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPN Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome, centromere, kinetochore. Note=Localizes exclusively in the kinetochore domain of centromeres. Kinetochore-bound levels decrease when cells enter mitosis and increase again when cells exit mitosis.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CENPN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CENPN gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 4
cytoskeleton 3
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CENPN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region --
GO:0000776 kinetochore --
GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CENPN: view

Pathways for CENPN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CENPN: view

Pathways by source for CENPN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CENPN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly TAS --
GO:0007059 chromosome segregation IEA --
GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division IEA --
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CENPN: view

Transcripts for CENPN Gene

Unigene Clusters for CENPN Gene

Centromere protein N:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CENPN Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: -
SP7:

Relevant External Links for CENPN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CENPN
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CENPN

Expression for CENPN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CENPN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CENPN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Prostate (5.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CENPN Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CENPN Gene Hs.726537

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CENPN: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CENPN Gene

Orthologs for CENPN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for CENPN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CENPN 35
  • 99.41 (n)
  • 98.82 (a)
CENPN 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CENPN 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CENPN 35
  • 87.22 (n)
  • 85.84 (a)
CENPN 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cenpn 35
  • 79.03 (n)
  • 73.29 (a)
Cenpn 16
Cenpn 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CENPN 36
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CENPN 36
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Cenpn 35
  • 79.65 (n)
  • 71.68 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CENPN 35
  • 66.17 (n)
  • 60.96 (a)
CENPN 36
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CENPN 36
  • 45 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.13228 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia cenpn 35
  • 62.87 (n)
  • 52.99 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii cenpn 35
  • 51.64 (n)
  • 35.58 (a)
cenpn 36
  • 28 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 20 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for CENPN:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CENPN Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CENPN (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CENPN (if available)

Paralogs for CENPN Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for CENPN Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for CENPN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CENPN: view

No data available for Paralogs for CENPN Gene

Variants for CENPN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CENPN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs935939 - 81,017,360(+) TGGGA(A/T)GTTTT reference, missense, intron-variant
rs935940 -- 81,017,722(+) AGCTC(C/T)CTTGA intron-variant
rs935941 -- 81,018,071(+) GAGCT(C/T)TCTGC intron-variant
rs1453327 -- 81,014,959(+) ggatg(A/C)ttttg intron-variant
rs1453328 -- 81,019,240(+) GAAAC(A/G)TGGTC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CENPN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522168 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv1897 CNV Loss 18451855
esv2422360 CNV Duplication 17116639

Relevant External Links for CENPN Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CENPN

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPN Gene

Disorders for CENPN Gene

Relevant External Links for CENPN

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CENPN
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CENPN: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPN Gene

Publications for CENPN Gene

  1. The human CENP-A centromeric nucleosome-associated complex. (PMID: 16622419) Foltz D.R. … Cleveland D.W. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2006) 2 3 4
  2. The CENP-H-I complex is required for the efficient incorporation of newly synthesized CENP-A into centromeres. (PMID: 16622420) Okada M. … Fukagawa T. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2006) 3 4
  3. Comprehensive analysis of the ICEN (Interphase Centromere Complex) components enriched in the CENP-A chromatin of human cells. (PMID: 16716197) Izuta H. … Yoda K. (Genes Cells 2006) 3 4
  4. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PMID: 17081983) Olsen J.V. … Mann M. (Cell 2006) 3 4
  5. Centromere assembly requires the direct recognition of CENP-A nucleosomes by CENP-N. (PMID: 19543270) Carroll C.W. … Straight A.F. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2009) 3 4

Products for CENPN Gene

Sources for CENPN Gene

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