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Aliases for CENPB Gene

Aliases for CENPB Gene

  • Centromere Protein B 2 3 4 5
  • Centromere Protein B, 80kDa 2 3
  • CENP-B 3 4
  • Centromere Protein B (80kD) 2
  • Centromere Autoantigen B 3

External Ids for CENPB Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CENPB Gene

  • GC20M003752
  • GC20M003759
  • GC20M003712

Summaries for CENPB Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CENPB Gene

  • This gene product is a highly conserved protein that facilitates centromere formation. It is a DNA-binding protein that is derived from transposases of the pogo DNA transposon family. It contains a helix-loop-helix DNA binding motif at the N-terminus, and a dimerization domain at the C-terminus. The DNA binding domain recognizes and binds a 17-bp sequence (CENP-B box) in the centromeric alpha satellite DNA. This protein is proposed to play an important role in the assembly of specific centromere structures in interphase nuclei and on mitotic chromosomes. It is also considered a major centromere autoantigen recognized by sera from patients with anti-centromere antibodies. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for CENPB Gene

CENPB (Centromere Protein B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CENPB include Crest Syndrome and Raynaud Disease. Among its related pathways are FOXM1 transcription factor network. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TIGD4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPB Gene

  • Interacts with centromeric heterochromatin in chromosomes and binds to a specific 17 bp subset of alphoid satellite DNA, called the CENP-B box. May organize arrays of centromere satellite DNA into a higher-order structure which then directs centromere formation and kinetochore assembly in mammalian chromosomes.

Gene Wiki entry for CENPB Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CENPB Gene

Genomics for CENPB Gene

Regulatory Elements for CENPB Gene

Enhancers for CENPB Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around CENPB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CENPB Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CENPB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CENPB gene promoter:

Genomic Location for CENPB Gene

3,783,851 bp from pter
3,786,690 bp from pter
2,840 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CENPB Gene

Genes around CENPB on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CENPB Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CENPB Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CENPB Gene

Proteins for CENPB Gene

  • Protein details for CENPB Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Major centromere autoantigen B
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q96EI4

    Protein attributes for CENPB Gene

    599 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65171 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Antiparallel homodimer. Interacts with CENPT.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CENPB Gene

neXtProt entry for CENPB Gene

Proteomics data for CENPB Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CENPB Gene

  • N-terminally methylated by METTL11A/NTM1. Alpha-N-methylation is stimulated in response to extracellular stimuli, including increased cell density and heat shock, and seems to facilitate binding to CENP-B boxes. Chromatin-bound CENP-B is primarily trimethylated.
  • Poly-ADP-ribosylated by PARP1.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 266, Lys 276, and Lys 334
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CENPB Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for CENPB

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CENPB Gene

Domains & Families for CENPB Gene

Gene Families for CENPB Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CENPB Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 HTH CENPB-type DNA-binding domain.
  • Contains 1 HTH CENPB-type DNA-binding domain.
  • Contains 1 HTH psq-type DNA-binding domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CENPB: view

Function for CENPB Gene

Molecular function for CENPB Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
centromere protein B (80kDa),associated with most human centromeres,function unknown
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Interacts with centromeric heterochromatin in chromosomes and binds to a specific 17 bp subset of alphoid satellite DNA, called the CENP-B box. May organize arrays of centromere satellite DNA into a higher-order structure which then directs centromere formation and kinetochore assembly in mammalian chromosomes.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CENPB Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA,NAS 1893793
GO:0003696 satellite DNA binding NAS 1893793
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding TAS 11682612
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CENPB: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CENPB: view

Animal Models for CENPB Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CENPB:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for CENPB Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CENPB

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CENPB Gene

Localization for CENPB Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CENPB Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome, centromere.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CENPB Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CENPB gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 3

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CENPB Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CENPB Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CENPB: view

Pathways by source for CENPB Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for CENPB Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CENPB Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for CENPB Gene

Drugs & Compounds for CENPB Gene

(1) Drugs for CENPB Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for CENPB Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CENPB: view

Transcripts for CENPB Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CENPB Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(244) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for CENPB Gene

Centromere protein B, 80kDa:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CENPB Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CENPB Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CENPB Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CENPB Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CENPB Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (18.6), Adipocyte (14.6), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CENPB Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CENPB Gene Hs.516855

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CENPB: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CENPB Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CENPB Gene

Orthologs for CENPB Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for CENPB Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CENPB 35
  • 91.56 (n)
  • 94.78 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Cenpb 35
  • 87.09 (n)
  • 89.98 (a)
Cenpb 16
Cenpb 36
  • 93 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CENPB 36
  • 95 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CENPB 36
  • 78 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CENPB 36
  • 73 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CENPB 36
  • 100 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CENPB:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for CENPB Gene

Gene Tree for CENPB (if available)
Gene Tree for CENPB (if available)

Paralogs for CENPB Gene

Paralogs for CENPB Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for CENPB Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CENPB: view

Variants for CENPB Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CENPB Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1051349 -- 3,784,165(-) GCGGG(C/T)TCCTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1051368 -- 3,784,114(-) TCTGG(C/T)CCTGT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1051372 -- 3,784,050(-) CCCCC(A/C)CCGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs6052076 -- 3,784,531(+) CGGCC(A/G)AGGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs6107345 -- 3,783,760(+) CTTGC(C/T)TCCAT downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CENPB Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833899 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv912617 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv828673 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv912618 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv4522n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912621 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for CENPB Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 12.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.10; 51.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for CENPB Gene

Disorders for CENPB Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for CENPB Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
crest syndrome
  • calcinosis - raynaud phenomenon - esophageal involvement - sclerodactyly - telangiectasia
raynaud disease
  • raynaud's disease
connective tissue disease
  • connective tissue disorder
limited scleroderma
  • crest syndrome
dyskinesia of esophagus
  • dyskinesia of oesophagus
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CENPB in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CENPB

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CENPB: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CENPB Gene

Publications for CENPB Gene

  1. A human centromere protein, CENP-B, has a DNA binding domain containing four potential alpha helices at the NH2 terminus, which is separable from dimerizing activity. (PMID: 1469042) Yoda K. … Okazaki T. (J. Cell Biol. 1992) 3 4 23 67
  2. CENP-A, -B, and -C chromatin complex that contains the I-type alpha-satellite array constitutes the prekinetochore in HeLa cells. (PMID: 11884609) Ando S. … Yoda K. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2002) 2 3 23
  3. Mapping of the human CENP-B gene to chromosome 20 and the CENP-C gene to chromosome 12 by a rapid cycle DNA amplification procedure. (PMID: 8406460) Sugimoto K. … Himeno M. (Genomics 1993) 2 3 23
  4. Nuclear autoantigen CENP-B transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor via chemokine receptor 3 in vascular smooth muscle cells. (PMID: 19714638) Robitaille G. … Raymond Y. (Arthritis Rheum. 2009) 3 23
  5. Assembly of the inner kinetochore proteins CENP-A and CENP-B in living human cells. (PMID: 18072184) Orthaus S. … Diekmann S. (ChemBioChem 2008) 3 23

Products for CENPB Gene

Sources for CENPB Gene