Aliases for CD55 Gene
External Ids for CD55 Gene
Previous Symbols for CD55 Gene
This gene encodes a glycoprotein involved in the regulation of the complement cascade. Binding of the encoded protein to complement proteins accelerates their decay, thereby disrupting the cascade and preventing damage to host cells. Antigens present on this protein constitute the Cromer blood group system (CROM). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. The predominant transcript variant encodes a membrane-bound protein, but alternatively spliced transcripts may produce soluble proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]
GeneCards Summary for CD55 Gene
CD55 (CD55 Molecule, Decay Accelerating Factor For Complement (Cromer Blood Group)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD55 include acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis and malaria. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency. GO annotations related to this gene include virus receptor activity and enzyme inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CSMD3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CD55 Gene
This protein recognizes C4b and C3b fragments that condense with cell-surface hydroxyl or amino groups when nascent C4b and C3b are locally generated during C4 and c3 activation. Interaction of daf with cell-associated C4b and C3b polypeptides interferes with their ability to catalyze the conversion of C2 and factor B to enzymatically active C2a and Bb and thereby prevents the formation of C4b2a and C3bBb, the amplification convertases of the complement cascade.