Aliases for CD14 Gene
External Ids for CD14 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CD14 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a surface antigen that is preferentially expressed on monocytes/macrophages. It cooperates with other proteins to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
GeneCards Summary for CD14 Gene
CD14 (CD14 Molecule) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CD14 include Croup and Mycobacterium Chelonae. Among its related pathways are Toll-Like receptor Signaling Pathways and MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane. GO annotations related to this gene include lipopolysaccharide binding and lipoteichoic acid binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CD14 Gene
Coreceptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (PubMed:1698311, PubMed:23264655). In concert with LBP, binds to monomeric lipopolysaccharide and delivers it to the LY96/TLR4 complex, thereby mediating the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (PubMed:20133493, PubMed:23264655). Acts via MyD88, TIRAP and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response (PubMed:8612135). Acts as a coreceptor for TLR2:TLR6 heterodimer in response to diacylated lipopeptides and for TLR2:TLR1 heterodimer in response to triacylated lipopeptides, these clusters trigger signaling from the cell surface and subsequently are targeted to the Golgi in a lipid-raft dependent pathway (PubMed:16880211). Binds electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) and mediates the cytokine release induced by LDL(-) (PubMed:23880187).