Aliases for CCR8 Gene
External Ids for CCR8 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CCR8 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCR8 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the beta chemokine receptor family, which is predicted to be a seven transmembrane protein similar to G protein-coupled receptors. Chemokines and their receptors are important for the migration of various cell types into the inflammatory sites. This receptor protein preferentially expresses in the thymus. I-309, thymus activation-regulated cytokine (TARC) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta (MIP-1 beta) have been identified as ligands of this receptor. Studies of this receptor and its ligands suggested its role in regulation of monocyte chemotaxis and thymic cell apoptosis. More specifically, this receptor may contribute to the proper positioning of activated T cells within the antigenic challenge sites and specialized areas of lymphoid tissues. This gene is located at the chemokine receptor gene cluster region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CCR8 Gene
CCR8 (Chemokine (C-C Motif) Receptor 8) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCR8 include kaposi sarcoma and allergic rhinitis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Akt Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include coreceptor activity and C-C chemokine receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCR7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCR8 Gene
Receptor for the chemokine CCL1/SCYA1/I-309. May regulate monocyte chemotaxis and thymic cell line apoptosis. Alternative coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 infection.
Chemokines (chemotactic cytokines) belong to a family of chemoattractant molecules involved in the directed migration of immune cells. Over fifty human chemokines have been identified that can be categorised into four groups; CC, CXC, CX3C and C (XCL1 and XCL2); depending on the spacing of their first two cysteine residues. Chemokines exert their effects by binding to G-protein-coupled chemokine receptors on the surface of cells, predominantly leukocytes. Eighteen human chemokine receptors have been identified that are classified according to the class of chemokines that they bind. The major function of chemokines is to regulate leukocyte trafficking in hematopoiesis and in innate and adaptive immunity. Other functions include angiogenic activity, apoptosis, T-cell differentiation and phagocyte activation. Inadvertent activation of chemokine receptors leads to autoimmunity by inappropriately targeting self antigens for destruction by cytotoxic T-cells and macrophages.