Aliases for CCR1 Gene
External Ids for CCR1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for CCR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCR1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the beta chemokine receptor family, which is predicted to be a seven transmembrane protein similar to G protein-coupled receptors. The ligands of this receptor include macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha), regulated on activation normal T expressed and secreted protein (RANTES), monocyte chemoattractant protein 3 (MCP-3), and myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor-1 (MPIF-1). Chemokines and their receptors mediated signal transduction are critical for the recruitment of effector immune cells to the site of inflammation. Knockout studies of the mouse homolog suggested the roles of this gene in host protection from inflammatory response, and susceptibility to virus and parasite. This gene and other chemokine receptor genes, including CCR2, CCRL2, CCR3, CCR5 and CCXCR1, are found to form a gene cluster on chromosome 3p. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CCR1 Gene
CCR1 (Chemokine (C-C Motif) Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCR1 include chromoblastomycosis and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Akt Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity and C-C chemokine receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CCR7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCR1 Gene
Receptor for a C-C type chemokine. Binds to MIP-1-alpha, MIP-1-delta, RANTES, and MCP-3 and, less efficiently, to MIP-1-beta or MCP-1 and subsequently transduces a signal by increasing the intracellular calcium ions level. Responsible for affecting stem cell proliferation
Chemokines (chemotactic cytokines) belong to a family of chemoattractant molecules involved in the directed migration of immune cells. Over fifty human chemokines have been identified that can be categorised into four groups; CC, CXC, CX3C and C (XCL1 and XCL2); depending on the spacing of their first two cysteine residues. Chemokines exert their effects by binding to G-protein-coupled chemokine receptors on the surface of cells, predominantly leukocytes. Eighteen human chemokine receptors have been identified that are classified according to the class of chemokines that they bind. The major function of chemokines is to regulate leukocyte trafficking in hematopoiesis and in innate and adaptive immunity. Other functions include angiogenic activity, apoptosis, T-cell differentiation and phagocyte activation. Inadvertent activation of chemokine receptors leads to autoimmunity by inappropriately targeting self antigens for destruction by cytotoxic T-cells and macrophages.