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Aliases for CCL3 Gene

Aliases for CCL3 Gene

  • Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 3 2 3
  • SCYA3 3 4 6
  • MIP1A 3 4 6
  • Small Inducible Cytokine A3 (Homologous To Mouse Mip-1a) 2 3
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Protein 1-Alpha 3 4
  • Tonsillar Lymphocyte LD78 Alpha Protein 3 4
  • G0/G1 Switch Regulatory Protein 19-1 3 4
  • MIP-1-Alpha 3 4
  • PAT 464.1 3 4
  • SIS-Beta 3 4
  • G0S19-1 3 4
  • Small-Inducible Cytokine A3 4
  • C-C Motif Chemokine 3 3
  • LD78ALPHA 3

External Ids for CCL3 Gene

Previous Symbols for CCL3 Gene

  • SCYA3

Summaries for CCL3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CCL3 Gene

  • This locus represents a small inducible cytokine. The encoded protein, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha, plays a role in inflammatory responses through binding to the receptors CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. Polymorphisms at this locus may be associated with both resistance and susceptibility to infection by human immunodeficiency virus type 1.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

GeneCards Summary for CCL3 Gene

CCL3 (Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCL3 include hiv-1 and malaria. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and TGF-Beta Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and chemokine activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL3 Gene

  • Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-alpha induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV).

Gene Wiki entry for CCL3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CCL3 Gene

Genomics for CCL3 Gene

Genomic Location for CCL3 Gene

36,088,256 bp from pter
36,090,169 bp from pter
1,914 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for CCL3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CCL3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CCL3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CCL3 Gene

Proteins for CCL3 Gene

  • Protein details for CCL3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    C-C motif chemokine 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for CCL3 Gene

    92 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    10085 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Self-associates. Also heterodimer of MIP-1-alpha(4-69) and MIP-1-beta(3-69).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CCL3 Gene

neXtProt entry for CCL3 Gene

Proteomics data for CCL3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CCL3 Gene

  • N-terminal processed form LD78-alpha(4-69) is produced by proteolytic cleavage after secretion from HTLV1-transformed T-cells

Other Protein References for CCL3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CCL3 Gene

Domains for CCL3 Gene

Gene Families for CCL3 Gene

  • ENDOLIG :Endogenous ligands
  • CCL :Chemokine ligands

Protein Domains for CCL3 Gene


  • Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family.:
    • P10147
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CCL3: view

Function for CCL3 Gene

Molecular function for CCL3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-alpha induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: By TPA or PHA (TPA = 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13 acetate (tumor promoter); PHA = phytohemagglutinin (T-cell mitogen))

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CCL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IDA 10734056
GO:0004698 calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity IDA 15764707
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 20959807
GO:0008009 chemokine activity IDA 10072545
GO:0016004 phospholipase activator activity IDA 10734056
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CCL3: view

Animal Models for CCL3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CCL3:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CCL3 Gene

Localization for CCL3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL3 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CCL3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CCL3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
endosome 1
lysosome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CCL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 20167378
GO:0005622 intracellular IDA 10072545
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 21784977
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA 19523456
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL3: view

Pathways for CCL3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CCL3: view

Interacting Proteins for CCL3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CCL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade IMP 21147091
GO:0001649 osteoblast differentiation IEP 21403648
GO:0001775 cell activation IDA 10706735
GO:0002548 monocyte chemotaxis IDA 10706735
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IDA 10734056
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL3: view

Compounds for CCL3 Gene

(106) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for CCL3 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
rantes 97.5 296
ccl3 95.3 193
mip 1alpha 87.3 27
ccl4 78.3 108
groalpha 76.6 15
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CCL3: view

Transcripts for CCL3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CCL3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CCL3 Gene

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CCL3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for CCL3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CCL3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CCL3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CCL3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (14.1).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CCL3 Gene Hs.514107

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CCL3: view

Orthologs for CCL3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for CCL3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CCL3 36
  • 98.19 (n)
  • 96.74 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC616364 36
  • 80.95 (n)
  • 75.71 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC480600 36
  • 78.99 (n)
  • 69.57 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ccl3 16
Species with no ortholog for CCL3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for CCL3 Gene

Gene Tree for CCL3 (if available)
Gene Tree for CCL3 (if available)

Paralogs for CCL3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CCL3: view

No data available for Paralogs for CCL3 Gene

Variants for CCL3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CCL3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs880885 -- 36,153,146(+) CCACC(A/G)TGGTG intron-variant
rs916839 -- 36,109,988(+) ATGTT(G/T)GTTAT intron-variant
rs916840 -- 36,110,179(+) TAGTC(C/T)CAGCT intron-variant
rs957979 -- 36,109,315(+) CAAGA(A/C)CCTGA intron-variant
rs957980 -- 36,109,593(+) gtatt(A/C)taagt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CCL3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833424 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv833427 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv945e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv428340 CNV Gain 18775914
dgv946e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv120e55 CNV Gain 17911159
dgv947e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv948e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv457733 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv9540 CNV Gain+Loss 18304495
essv19054 CNV CNV 17122850
esv29264 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
nsv908082 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv3143n71 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv3144n71 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2670934 CNV Deletion 23128226
dgv522n67 CNV Gain 20364138
esv2664544 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv523265 CNV Gain 19592680
dgv178n21 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv3145n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv471395 CNV Duplication 19718026
nsv514836 CNV Gain 21397061
esv33166 CNV Gain 17666407

Relevant External Links for CCL3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

Disorders for CCL3 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for CCL3 Gene (182283)

(95) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for CCL3 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
necrosis 71.1 104
inflammation 70.6 49
bone destruction 61.1 14
immunodeficiency 59.3 40
hiv infections 56 18

Relevant External Links for CCL3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CCL3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL3 Gene

Publications for CCL3 Gene

  1. Three human homologs of a murine gene encoding an inhibitor of stem cell proliferation. (PMID: 2271120) Blum S. … Forsdyke D.R. (DNA Cell Biol. 1990) 3 4 23
  2. Structures of human genes coding for cytokine LD78 and their expression. (PMID: 1694014) Nakao M. … Shimada K. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1990) 3 4 23
  3. Identification of amino acid residues critical for aggregation of human CC chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP- 1beta, and RANTES. Characterization of active disaggregated chemokine variants. (PMID: 10347159) Czaplewski L.G. … Hunter M.G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 3 4 23
  4. MCP-1 and MIP-1A gene polymorphisms in Japanese patients with sarcoidosis. (PMID: 12413001) Takada T. … Gejyo F. (Intern. Med. 2002) 3 23 49
  5. CCL3L1 and CCL4L1: variable gene copy number in adolescents with and without human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. (PMID: 17330138) Shao W. … Kaslow R.A. (Genes Immun. 2007) 3 23 49

Products for CCL3 Gene

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Antibacterial Response in human,mouse,rat
    • Antigen Presenting Cells in human,mouse,rat
    • Antiviral Response in human,mouse,rat
    • Chemokines & Receptors in human,mouse,rat
    • Cytokines & Chemokines in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CCL3
  • Block miRNA regulation of CCL3 using miScript Target Protectors

Sources for CCL3 Gene

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