External Ids for CBLN1 Gene
This gene encodes a cerebellum-specific precursor protein, precerebellin, with similarity to the globular (non-collagen-like) domain of complement component C1qB. Precerebellin is processed to give rise to several derivatives, including the hexadecapeptide, cerebellin, which is highly enriched in postsynaptic structures of Purkinje cells. Cerebellin has also been found in human and rat adrenals, where it has been shown to enhance the secretory activity of this gland. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CBLN1 Gene
CBLN1 (Cerebellin 1 Precursor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CBLN1 include benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is C1QL4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CBLN1 Gene
Required for synapse integrity and synaptic plasticity. During cerebellar synapse formation, essential for the formation and maintenance of parallel fiber and Purkinje cell synapses. When parallel fibers make contact with Purkinje spines, CBLN1 interaction with GRID2 triggers the recruitment of NRXN1 and secretory vesicles to the sites of contact. NRXN1-CBLN1-GRID2 signaling induces presynaptic morphological changes, which may further accumulate pre- and postsynaptic components to promote bidirectional maturation of parallel fiber - Purkinje cell functionnally active synapses by a positive feedback mechanism. Required for CBLN3 export from the endoplasmic reticulum and secretion (By similarity).
The cerebellin peptide exerts neuromodulatory functions. Directly stimulates norepinephrine release via the adenylate cyclase/PKA-dependent signaling pathway; and indirectly enhances adrenocortical secretion in vivo, through a paracrine mechanism involving medullary catecholamine release (By similarity).