Aliases for CATSPER1 Gene
External Ids for CATSPER1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CATSPER1 Gene
Calcium ions play a primary role in the regulation of sperm motility. This gene belongs to a family of putative cation channels that are specific to spermatozoa and localize to the flagellum. The protein family features a single repeat with six membrane-spanning segments and a predicted calcium-selective pore region. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CATSPER1 Gene
CATSPER1 (Cation Channel, Sperm Associated 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CATSPER1 include spermatogenic failure 7 and catsper-related male infertility. Among its related pathways are Sweet Taste Signaling and Reproduction. GO annotations related to this gene include voltage-gated calcium channel activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CATSPER1 Gene
Voltage-gated calcium channel that plays a central role in calcium-dependent physiological responses essential for successful fertilization, such as sperm hyperactivation, acrosome reaction and chemotaxis towards the oocyte. Activated by extracellular progesterone and prostaglandins following the sequence: progesterone > PGF1-alpha = PGE1 > PGA1 > PGE2 >> PGD2. The primary effect of progesterone activation is to shift voltage dependence towards more physiological, negative membrane potentials; it is not mediated by metabotropic receptors and second messengers. Sperm capacitation enhances the effect of progesterone by providing additional negative shift. Also activated by the elevation of intracellular pH.