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Aliases for CASP2 Gene

Aliases for CASP2 Gene

  • Caspase 2 2 3 5
  • Neural Precursor Cell Expressed Developmentally Down-Regulated Protein 2 3 4
  • Protease ICH-1 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • CASP-2 3 4
  • NEDD-2 3 4
  • NEDD2 3 4
  • ICH1 3 4
  • Neural Precursor Cell Expressed, Developmentally Down-Regulated 2 2
  • Caspase 2, Apoptosis-Related Cysteine Peptidase 2
  • Caspase 2 Apoptosis-Related Cysteine Peptidase 3
  • Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory Subunit 57 3
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 2
  • Regulatory Subunit 57 2
  • PPP1R57 3

External Ids for CASP2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CASP2 Gene

  • NEDD2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CASP2 Gene

  • GC07P141311
  • GC07P142379
  • GC07P142456
  • GC07P142502
  • GC07P142695
  • GC07P142985
  • GC07P137322
  • GC07P143307
  • GC07P143317

Summaries for CASP2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CASP2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Caspases mediate cellular apoptosis through the proteolytic cleavage of specific protein substrates. The encoded protein may function in stress-induced cell death pathways, cell cycle maintenance, and the suppression of tumorigenesis. Increased expression of this gene may play a role in neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and temporal lobe epilepsy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]

GeneCards Summary for CASP2 Gene

CASP2 (Caspase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CASP2 include Bladder Transitional Cell Papilloma and Retinal Ischemia. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and p53 Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and cysteine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CASP1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CASP2 Gene

  • Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Might function by either activating some proteins required for cell death or inactivating proteins necessary for cell survival.

Tocris Summary for CASP2 Gene

  • Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate proteases) are involved in the signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation. These enzymes can be divided into initiators and effectors. The initiator isoforms are activated by, and interact with, upstream adaptor molecules.

Gene Wiki entry for CASP2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CASP2 Gene

Genomics for CASP2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CASP2 Gene

Enhancers for CASP2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around CASP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for CASP2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around CASP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for CASP2 Gene

143,288,215 bp from pter
143,307,696 bp from pter
19,482 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for CASP2 Gene

Genes around CASP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CASP2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CASP2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CASP2 Gene

Proteins for CASP2 Gene

  • Protein details for CASP2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K5F9
    • D3DXD6
    • E9PDN0
    • P42576
    • Q59F21
    • Q7KZL6
    • Q86UJ3
    • Q9BUP7
    • Q9BZK9
    • Q9BZL0

    Protein attributes for CASP2 Gene

    452 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50685 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer that consists of two anti-parallel arranged heterodimers, each one formed by a p18 subunit and a p12 subunit. Interacts with LRDD. Interacts with NOL3 (via CARD domain); inhibits CASP2 activity in a phosphorylation-dependent manner.
    • Sequence=AAA58959.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO25653.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAP22346.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAP22349.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAD92877.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CASP2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for CASP2 Gene


neXtProt entry for CASP2 Gene

Proteomics data for CASP2 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for CASP2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CASP2 Gene

  • The mature protease can process its own propeptide, but not that of other caspases.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 214
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for CASP2 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for CASP2 (CASP2)

Domains & Families for CASP2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CASP2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 CARD domain.
  • Belongs to the peptidase C14A family.
  • Contains 1 CARD domain.
  • Belongs to the peptidase C14A family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CASP2: view

Function for CASP2 Gene

Molecular function for CASP2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
caspase 2,cysteine containing aspartate-specific protease,stored in the mitochondrial intermembrane space and released into cytosol after appropriate apoptotic stimuli,expressed in neural precursor cell,developmentally down-regulated,promoting apoptosis,Nedd 2 murine homolog,mammalian interleukin 1 beta convertase
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Strict requirement for an Asp residue at P1, with 316-asp being essential for proteolytic activity and has a preferred cleavage sequence of Val-Asp-Val-Ala-Asp- -.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. Might function by either activating some proteins required for cell death or inactivating proteins necessary for cell survival.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CASP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CASP2: view

Animal Models for CASP2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CASP2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for CASP2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CASP2 Gene

Localization for CASP2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for CASP2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CASP2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 3

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CASP2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CASP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CASP2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for CASP2 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CASP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA,NAS 11156409
GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process TAS --
GO:0006977 DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in cell cycle arrest IMP 21726810
GO:0007568 aging IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CASP2: view

Drugs & Compounds for CASP2 Gene

(37) Drugs for CASP2 Gene - From: ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cisplatin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug, Platinum 2569
Z-VDVAD-FMK Pharma Inhibition, Inhibitor 0
Tasisulam Pharma 0
MDL 28170 Pharma Calpain and cathepsin B inhibitor, selective, Potent, selective calpain and cathepsin B inhibitor 0

(30) Additional Compounds for CASP2 Gene - From: Novoseek and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
MG 132
PD 150606

(5) Tocris Compounds for CASP2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Calpeptin Calpain and cathepsin L inhibitor 117591-20-5
MDL 28170 Potent, selective calpain and cathepsin B inhibitor 88191-84-8
MG 132 Proteasome and calpain inhibitor. Inhibits NF-kappaB activation 133407-82-6
N-Acetyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-methional Cathepsin inhibitor 136632-32-1
PD 150606 Cell permeable calpain inhibitor 179528-45-1

(2) ApexBio Compounds for CASP2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cisplatin Inhibits DNA synthesis,chemotherapy drug 15663-27-1
Tasisulam 519055-62-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CASP2: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for CASP2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CASP2 Gene

Caspase 2, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CASP2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ·
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: -
SP7: - -
SP8: -
SP9: - - - - - - -

ExUns: 17c · 17d · 17e

Relevant External Links for CASP2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for CASP2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CASP2 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CASP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Blymphocyte (20.8), CD8 Tcells (11.1), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (9.2), and Fetal ovary (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CASP2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CASP2 Gene Hs.368982

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CASP2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed at higher levels in the embryonic lung, liver and kidney than in the heart and brain. In adults, higher level expression is seen in the placenta, lung, kidney, and pancreas than in the heart, brain, liver and skeletal muscle.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CASP2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for CASP2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for CASP2 Gene

Orthologs for CASP2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for CASP2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CASP2 35
  • 84.88 (n)
  • 88.05 (a)
CASP2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CASP2 35
  • 88.89 (n)
  • 90.7 (a)
CASP2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Casp2 35
  • 86.28 (n)
  • 89.6 (a)
Casp2 16
Casp2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CASP2 35
  • 99.78 (n)
  • 100 (a)
CASP2 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Casp2 35
  • 86.36 (n)
  • 89.6 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CASP2 36
  • 82 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CASP2 36
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CASP2 35
  • 67.06 (n)
  • 71.56 (a)
CASP2 36
  • 71 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CASP2 36
  • 67 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100486813 35
  • 56.45 (n)
  • 51.19 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia xCaspase-2 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii casp2 35
  • 55.18 (n)
  • 52.15 (a)
casp2 36
  • 49 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dredd 36
  • 16 (a)
Nc 36
  • 19 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 39 (a)
CSA.5278 36
  • 31 (a)
Species with no ortholog for CASP2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for CASP2 Gene

Gene Tree for CASP2 (if available)
Gene Tree for CASP2 (if available)

Paralogs for CASP2 Gene

Paralogs for CASP2 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for CASP2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CASP2: view

Variants for CASP2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CASP2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs4647297 - 143,294,268(+) GTCCT(C/G)TCTGC intron-variant, reference, missense
rs4647298 -, - 143,294,286(+) TGAAG(C/G)CTTGC reference, missense
rs4647338 - 143,305,033(+) TGTGC(C/G/T)GCCAC reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs869420 -- 143,296,507(+) GCTGG(C/T)CTTGA intron-variant
rs1141773 -- 143,306,309(+) tggag(G/T)gcagt utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CASP2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv831169 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv5984 CNV Loss 18451855

Variation tolerance for CASP2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 35.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.70; 57.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CASP2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CASP2 Gene

Disorders for CASP2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for CASP2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
bladder transitional cell papilloma
  • bladder papilloma
retinal ischemia
temporal lobe epilepsy
  • epilepsy, temporal lobe
saethre-chotzen syndrome
  • saethre-chotzen syndrome with eyelid anomalies
huntington disease
  • congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract 2
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CASP2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CASP2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CASP2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CASP2 Gene

Publications for CASP2 Gene

  1. Functional connection between p53 and caspase-2 is essential for apoptosis induced by DNA damage. (PMID: 16652156) Vakifahmetoglu H. … Zhivotovsky B. (Oncogene 2006) 3 4 23 67
  2. Increased caspase-2 activity is associated with induction of apoptosis in IFN-beta sensitive melanoma cell lines. (PMID: 20187765) Kamiya T. … Jimbow K. (J. Interferon Cytokine Res. 2010) 3 23
  3. PIDDosome expression and the role of caspase-2 activation for chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in RCCs. (PMID: 20208132) Heikaus S. … Mahotka C. (Cell. Oncol. 2010) 3 23
  4. DISC-mediated activation of caspase-2 in DNA damage-induced apoptosis. (PMID: 19347032) Olsson M. … Zhivotovsky B. (Oncogene 2009) 3 23
  5. Restraint of apoptosis during mitosis through interdomain phosphorylation of caspase-2. (PMID: 19730412) Andersen J.L. … Kornbluth S. (EMBO J. 2009) 3 23

Products for CASP2 Gene

Sources for CASP2 Gene