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Aliases for C21orf91 Gene

Aliases for C21orf91 Gene

  • Chromosome 21 Open Reading Frame 91 2 3 5
  • Early Undifferentiated Retina And Lens 2 3
  • Cold Sore Susceptibility Gene 1 2 3
  • C21orf14 3 4
  • C21orf38 3 4
  • EURL 3 4
  • YG81 3 4
  • Chromosome 21 Open Reading Frame 38 2
  • C21orf7 4
  • CSSG1 3

External Ids for C21orf91 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for C21orf91 Gene

  • C21orf38
  • C21orf14

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C21orf91 Gene

  • GC21M015826
  • GC21M018083
  • GC21M018086
  • GC21M019161
  • GC21M004550

Summaries for C21orf91 Gene

GeneCards Summary for C21orf91 Gene

C21orf91 (Chromosome 21 Open Reading Frame 91) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with C21orf91 include staphyloenterotoxemia and listeriosis.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for C21orf91 Gene

Genomics for C21orf91 Gene

Regulatory Elements for C21orf91 Gene

Promoters for C21orf91 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around C21orf91 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for C21orf91 Gene

17,788,967 bp from pter
17,819,386 bp from pter
30,420 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for C21orf91 Gene

Genes around C21orf91 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
C21orf91 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for C21orf91 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for C21orf91 Gene

Proteins for C21orf91 Gene

  • Protein details for C21orf91 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein EURL homolog
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RB30
    • Q96BK9
    • Q9H8C6

    Protein attributes for C21orf91 Gene

    297 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33948 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BAB14691.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=164; Note=Translated as Gln.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for C21orf91 Gene


neXtProt entry for C21orf91 Gene

Proteomics data for C21orf91 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for C21orf91 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for C21orf91 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for C21orf91 Gene

Domains & Families for C21orf91 Gene

Protein Domains for C21orf91 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for C21orf91 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the EURL family.
  • Belongs to the EURL family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with C21orf91: view

No data available for Gene Families for C21orf91 Gene

Function for C21orf91 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with C21orf91: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for C21orf91 Gene

Localization for C21orf91 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for C21orf91 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for C21orf91 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for C21orf91 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for C21orf91 Gene

SuperPathways for C21orf91 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for C21orf91 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: Q9NYK6-EURL_HUMAN ENSP00000284881 for C21orf91 Gene via I2D MINT STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for C21orf91 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for C21orf91 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for C21orf91 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for C21orf91 Gene

Unigene Clusters for C21orf91 Gene

Chromosome 21 open reading frame 91:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for C21orf91 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - - -

Relevant External Links for C21orf91 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for C21orf91 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for C21orf91 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for C21orf91 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x5.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for C21orf91 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for C21orf91 Gene Hs.293811

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with C21orf91: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for C21orf91 Gene

Orthologs for C21orf91 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for C21orf91 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C1H21orf91 35
  • 91.69 (n)
  • 89.56 (a)
C1H21ORF91 36
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia C31H21orf91 35
  • 92.48 (n)
  • 91.25 (a)
C21orf91 36
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia D16Ertd472e 35
  • 83.97 (n)
  • 82.7 (a)
D16Ertd472e 16
D16Ertd472e 36
  • 82 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia C21H21orf91 35
  • 99.78 (n)
  • 99.66 (a)
C21orf91 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1563888 35
  • 83.68 (n)
  • 84.83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia C21orf91 36
  • 72 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia C21orf91 36
  • 64 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves C1H21ORF91 35
  • 74 (n)
  • 74.91 (a)
C1H21ORF91 36
  • 75 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia C21orf91 36
  • 67 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia c21orf91 35
  • 66.89 (n)
  • 66.21 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.5392 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:110006 35
  • 56.58 (n)
  • 54.98 (a)
C10H21orf91 36
  • 53 (a)
Species with no ortholog for C21orf91:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for C21orf91 Gene

Gene Tree for C21orf91 (if available)
Gene Tree for C21orf91 (if available)

Paralogs for C21orf91 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for C21orf91 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with C21orf91: view

No data available for Paralogs for C21orf91 Gene

Variants for C21orf91 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for C21orf91 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 21 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs173390 -- 17,798,249(-) TTTGG(A/C)GTTCA intron-variant
rs243553 -- 17,799,138(-) AAAAT(A/T)TAACA intron-variant
rs243555 -- 17,813,921(-) GACCT(C/T)GAGCA intron-variant
rs458218 -- 17,797,468(-) CTTCA(A/G)AAGGT intron-variant
rs1047976 -- 17,796,896(-) CCCCC(A/G)GCATC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for C21orf91 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834055 CNV Gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for C21orf91 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 75.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.93; 87.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for C21orf91 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C21orf91 Gene

Disorders for C21orf91 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for C21orf91 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • staphylococcal food poisoning
  • infection by listeria monocytogenes
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for C21orf91

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with C21orf91: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for C21orf91 Gene

Publications for C21orf91 Gene

  1. C21orf91 genotypes correlate with herpes simplex labialis (cold sore) frequency: description of a cold sore susceptibility gene. (PMID: 22039568) Kriesel J.D. … Hobbs M.R. (J. Infect. Dis. 2011) 2 3 67
  2. Systematic analysis of human protein complexes identifies chromosome segregation proteins. (PMID: 20360068) Hutchins J.R. … Peters J.M. (Science 2010) 3
  3. Protein interaction data set highlighted with human Ras-MAPK/PI3K signaling pathways. (PMID: 18624398) Wang J. … He F. (J. Proteome Res. 2008) 3
  4. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K. … Sugano S. (Genome Res. 2006) 3
  5. Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network. (PMID: 16189514) Rual J.F. … Vidal M. (Nature 2005) 3

Products for C21orf91 Gene

Sources for C21orf91 Gene

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