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Aliases for C1orf56 Gene

Aliases for C1orf56 Gene

  • Chromosome 1 Open Reading Frame 56 2 3 5
  • Methylated In Normal Thymocytes Protein 3 4
  • MENT 3 4
  • Methylated In Normal Thymocytes 2
  • Protein MENT 3

External Ids for C1orf56 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C1orf56 Gene

  • GC01P147836
  • GC01P147837
  • GC01P149287
  • GC01P149288
  • GC01P122397

Summaries for C1orf56 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for C1orf56 Gene

  • This gene is a proto-oncogene whose promoter is methylated by DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B), which represses the proto-oncogene. However, a catalytically inactive isoform of DNMT3B is overexpressed in lymphomas, leading to hypomethylation of the proto-oncogene's promoter and derepression of the proto-oncogene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]

GeneCards Summary for C1orf56 Gene

C1orf56 (Chromosome 1 Open Reading Frame 56) is a Protein Coding gene.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C1orf56 Gene

  • Involved in control of cellular proliferation. Onconcogenic modifier contributing to the tumor suppressor function of DNMT3B.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for C1orf56 Gene

Genomics for C1orf56 Gene

Regulatory Elements for C1orf56 Gene

Enhancers for C1orf56 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F151508 0.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.6 +465.4 465379 8.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 CBX5 FOS SP3 SP5 CGN C1orf56 SCNM1 SETDB1 FLG TUFT1 C2CD4D RORC SELENBP1 ENSG00000252840
GH01F150557 0.4 ENCODE 12.3 -478.4 -478436 23.1 MLX CREB3L1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC HORMAD1 SETDB1 GOLPH3L SF3B4 CTSK PRPF3 UBE2D3P3 CYCSP51 VPS45 GABPB2
GH01F151271 0.4 ENCODE 12.2 +224.1 224050 0.5 ZFP64 ZNF223 ZNF266 ZNF140 ZNF101 RBAK ZNF354C PRDM10 ZNF433 SCRT1 GABPB2 MRPL9 PRPF3 SETDB1 UBE2D3P3 GOLPH3L C1orf56 LYSMD1 HRNR ZNF687
GH01F150998 1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 -48.3 -48255 1.4 PKNOX1 MLX CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF207 SP5 MXD4 SEMA6C RNU6-884P CERS2 ENSG00000231073 BNIPL C1orf56 SCNM1 LYSMD1 TMOD4 FAM63A
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around C1orf56 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for C1orf56 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000544839 460 2001 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 SP3 YY2

Genomic Location for C1orf56 Gene

151,047,740 bp from pter
151,051,986 bp from pter
4,247 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for C1orf56 Gene

Genes around C1orf56 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
C1orf56 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for C1orf56 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for C1orf56 Gene

Proteins for C1orf56 Gene

  • Protein details for C1orf56 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein MENT
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RDU8
    • Q9NWZ4

    Protein attributes for C1orf56 Gene

    341 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    36769 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for C1orf56 Gene


neXtProt entry for C1orf56 Gene

Post-translational modifications for C1orf56 Gene

  • Phosphorylation sites are present in the extracellular medium.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for C1orf56 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for C1orf56 Gene

Domains & Families for C1orf56 Gene

Protein Domains for C1orf56 Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with C1orf56: view

No data available for Gene Families , Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C1orf56 Gene

Function for C1orf56 Gene

Molecular function for C1orf56 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in control of cellular proliferation. Onconcogenic modifier contributing to the tumor suppressor function of DNMT3B.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with C1orf56: view

Animal Models for C1orf56 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for C1orf56:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for C1orf56

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for C1orf56 Gene

Localization for C1orf56 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C1orf56 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for C1orf56 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for C1orf56 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for C1orf56 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C1orf56: view

Pathways & Interactions for C1orf56 Gene

SuperPathways for C1orf56 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for C1orf56 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for C1orf56 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for C1orf56 Gene

Transcripts for C1orf56 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for C1orf56 Gene

Unigene Clusters for C1orf56 Gene

Chromosome 1 open reading frame 56:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for C1orf56 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b

Relevant External Links for C1orf56 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for C1orf56 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for C1orf56 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for C1orf56 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x15.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for C1orf56 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (63.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for C1orf56 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for C1orf56 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of C1orf56 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for C1orf56 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for C1orf56 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Plasma. Overexpressed in lymphomas.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with C1orf56: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for C1orf56 Gene

Orthologs for C1orf56 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for C1orf56 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia C1H1orf56 34
  • 99.8 (n)
C1orf56 35
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1359334 34
  • 76.02 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia C17H1orf56 34
  • 74.87 (n)
C1orf56 35
  • 63 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C3H1orf56 34
  • 73.04 (n)
C1orf56 35
  • 61 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gm128 34 16 35
  • 71.12 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia C1orf56 35
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for C1orf56 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for C1orf56 Gene

Gene Tree for C1orf56 (if available)
Gene Tree for C1orf56 (if available)

Paralogs for C1orf56 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for C1orf56 Gene

Variants for C1orf56 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for C1orf56 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1048366 -- 151,047,572(+) AACTG(A/C)GATGA upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1063533 -- 151,051,380(+) GAAAA(A/T)ACATG utr-variant-3-prime
rs111688544 -- 151,049,582(+) CAGGG(-/TCTC)TCTCT intron-variant
rs112373993 -- 151,049,760(+) CTCCT(C/G)AGCTC intron-variant
rs112415141 -- 151,050,508(+) CTTGC(A/C/G)CTTTC downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for C1orf56 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522840 CNV gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for C1orf56 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 46.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.06; 50.54% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for C1orf56 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C1orf56 Gene

Disorders for C1orf56 Gene

Relevant External Links for C1orf56

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for C1orf56 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for C1orf56 Gene

Publications for C1orf56 Gene

  1. Loss of Dnmt3b function upregulates the tumor modifier Ment and accelerates mouse lymphomagenesis. (PMID: 22133874) Hlady R.A. … Opavsky R. (J. Clin. Invest. 2012) 2 3 4 64
  2. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark H.F. … Gray A.M. (Genome Res. 2003) 2 3 4 64
  3. DNMT3B7 expression related to MENT expression and its promoter methylation in human lymphomas. (PMID: 24094886) Alkebsi L. … Murakami H. (Leuk. Res. 2013) 3 64
  4. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 4 64
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 4 64

Products for C1orf56 Gene

Sources for C1orf56 Gene

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