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Aliases for C12orf65 Gene

Aliases for C12orf65 Gene

  • Chromosome 12 Open Reading Frame 65 2 3 5
  • Probable Peptide Chain Release Factor C12orf65, Mitochondrial 3
  • COXPD7 3
  • SPG55 3

External Ids for C12orf65 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C12orf65 Gene

  • GC12P122283
  • GC12P123717
  • GC12P120678

Summaries for C12orf65 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for C12orf65 Gene

  • This nuclear gene encodes a mitochondrial matrix protein that appears to contribute to peptide chain termination in the mitochondrial translation machinery. Two different 1 bp deletions (resulting in the same premature stop codon)result in decreased mitochondrial translation, decreased levels of oxidative phosphorylation complexes and encepthalomyopathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]

GeneCards Summary for C12orf65 Gene

C12orf65 (Chromosome 12 Open Reading Frame 65) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with C12orf65 include Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 7 and Spastic Paraplegia 55, Autosomal Recessive. GO annotations related to this gene include translation release factor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C12orf65 Gene

  • May act as a codon-independent translation release factor that has lost all stop codon specificity and directs the termination of translation in mitochondrion. May help rescuing stalled mitoribosomes during translation (By similarity).

Additional gene information for C12orf65 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for C12orf65 Gene

Genomics for C12orf65 Gene

Regulatory Elements for C12orf65 Gene

Enhancers for C12orf65 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12H122919 1.2 ENCODE dbSUPER 63.2 -312.9 -312910 1 ZNF493 ZFP64 ZEB1 ZNF155 ZNF121 ZNF138 ZNF354C FOS KLF7 ZNF202 EIF2B1 RSRC2 DDX55 ZCCHC8 ENSG00000235423 ATP6V0A2 LOC101927415 C12orf65 TCTN2 OGFOD2
GH12H123600 1.2 ENCODE 46.9 +369.2 369231 2 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC ZC3H11A ZFP41 SSRP1 LOC101927415 C12orf65 DDX55 EIF2B1 TCTN2 SBNO1 ENSG00000239215 DNAH10OS KMT5A ENSG00000270130
GH12H122427 0.8 dbSUPER 45.3 -805.3 -805251 0 ZBTB21 ZNF493 ZNF140 ZNF266 CEBPG ZNF697 ZNF664 ZNF791 ZNF354C ZNF19 RSRC2 ZCCHC8 ENSG00000235423 ENSG00000272849 SETD1B C12orf65 KNTC1 OGFOD2 LINC01089 PSMD9
GH12H123265 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 27.4 +36.4 36427 7 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF143 SP3 ZHX2 DDX55 CDK2AP1 C12orf65 EIF2B1 SBNO1 MPHOSPH9 TCTN2 RSRC2 ZCCHC8 ENSG00000239215
GH12H123074 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 25.4 -156.8 -156816 3 PKNOX1 ZSCAN4 ARID4B FEZF1 RAD21 RFX5 GLIS2 EGR1 SCRT2 ZNF207 CDK2AP1 RSRC2 C12orf65 EIF2B1 OGFOD2 PITPNM2 TCTN2 GTF2H3 ENSG00000235423 DDX55
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around C12orf65 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for C12orf65 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000058721 384 2201 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2

Genomic Location for C12orf65 Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
123,232,916 bp from pter
End:
123,257,959 bp from pter
Size:
25,044 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for C12orf65 Gene

Genes around C12orf65 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
C12orf65 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for C12orf65 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for C12orf65 Gene

Proteins for C12orf65 Gene

  • Protein details for C12orf65 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9H3J6-CL065_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Probable peptide chain release factor C12orf65, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q9H3J6
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8WUC6

    Protein attributes for C12orf65 Gene

    Size:
    166 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18828 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    Miscellaneous:
    • Knockdown of C12orf65 in Hela cells results in increased ROS production and apoptosis, leading to inhibition of cell proliferation.

    Alternative splice isoforms for C12orf65 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for C12orf65 Gene

Post-translational modifications for C12orf65 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for C12orf65 Gene

Domains & Families for C12orf65 Gene

Gene Families for C12orf65 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for C12orf65 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for C12orf65 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9H3J6

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CL065_HUMAN :
  • The GGQ domain may interact with the peptidyltransferase center (PTC) of the large ribosomal subunit to trigger peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis.
  • Belongs to the prokaryotic/mitochondrial release factor family.
Domain:
  • The GGQ domain may interact with the peptidyltransferase center (PTC) of the large ribosomal subunit to trigger peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis.
Family:
  • Belongs to the prokaryotic/mitochondrial release factor family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with C12orf65: view

Function for C12orf65 Gene

Molecular function for C12orf65 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May act as a codon-independent translation release factor that has lost all stop codon specificity and directs the termination of translation in mitochondrion. May help rescuing stalled mitoribosomes during translation (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for C12orf65 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for C12orf65 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004045 aminoacyl-tRNA hydrolase activity IBA --
GO:0016150 translation release factor activity, codon nonspecific IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C12orf65: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with C12orf65: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for C12orf65 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for C12orf65
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for C12orf65 Gene

Localization for C12orf65 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C12orf65 Gene

Mitochondrion.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for C12orf65 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Mitochondria (2)
  • Nucleus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for C12orf65 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion NAS 20186120
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C12orf65: view

Pathways & Interactions for C12orf65 Gene

SuperPathways for C12orf65 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for C12orf65 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0006415 translational termination IEA --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination IBA --
GO:0072344 rescue of stalled ribosome IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C12orf65: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for C12orf65 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for C12orf65 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for C12orf65 Gene

Unigene Clusters for C12orf65 Gene

Chromosome 12 open reading frame 65:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for C12orf65
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for C12orf65 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5:

Relevant External Links for C12orf65 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
C12orf65
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
C12orf65

Expression for C12orf65 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for C12orf65 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for C12orf65 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Blymphocyte (39.7) and CD8 Tcells (29.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for C12orf65 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for C12orf65 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of C12orf65 Gene:

C12orf65

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for C12orf65 Gene:

Hs.319128

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for C12orf65 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
  • Blood(4.2)
  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Lung(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for C12orf65 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • meninges
  • neck
Abdomen:
  • intestine
  • large intestine
  • small intestine
Limb:
  • foot
  • lower limb
  • thigh
General:
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with C12orf65: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for C12orf65 Gene

Orthologs for C12orf65 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for C12orf65 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia C12H12orf65 33
  • 99.4 (n)
C12orf65 34
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia C26H12orf65 33
  • 82.73 (n)
C12orf65 34
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C17H12orf65 33
  • 82.22 (n)
C12orf65 34
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1563482 33
  • 78.85 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia 2810006K23Rik 33 16 34
  • 78.47 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia C12orf65 34
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia C12orf65 34
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves C15H12ORF65 33
  • 61.74 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia C12orf65 34
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101734452 33
  • 66.92 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100004452 33
  • 65.69 (n)
C12orf65 (1 of 2) 34
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
C5H12orf65 (2 of 2) 34
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG30100 34
  • 40 (a)
OneToOne
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes -- 34
  • 26 (a)
OneToOne
-- 36
Species where no ortholog for C12orf65 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for C12orf65 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for C12orf65 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for C12orf65 (if available)

Paralogs for C12orf65 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for C12orf65 Gene

Variants for C12orf65 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for C12orf65 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs397514539 Pathogenic 123,256,924(+) AAAAA(C/T)GAGAA reference, stop-gained
rs398122365 Pathogenic 123,256,945(+) AAAAA(C/T)AAGAA reference, stop-gained
rs398122972 Pathogenic 123,256,876(+) AGAAA(-/G)TAGAT reference, frameshift-variant
rs576462794 Pathogenic 123,253,884(+) GGTCC(-/A)GGGGG reference, frameshift-variant
rs587776508 Pathogenic 123,253,922(+) CGTGG(-/T)GCTGA reference, frameshift-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for C12orf65 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2761773 CNV gain 21179565
esv28503 CNV loss 19812545
esv3581949 CNV gain 25503493
esv3630986 CNV loss 21293372
esv996114 CNV gain 20482838

Variation tolerance for C12orf65 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 49.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.26; 25.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for C12orf65 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
C12orf65
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
C12orf65

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C12orf65 Gene

Disorders for C12orf65 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(16) MalaCards diseases for C12orf65 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 7
  • coxpd7
spastic paraplegia 55, autosomal recessive
  • hereditary spastic paraplegia 55
spastic paraplegia 55
  • spastic paraplegia 55, autosomal recessive
behr syndrome
  • optic atrophy in early childhood, associated with ataxia, spasticity, mental retardation, and posterior column sensory loss
leigh-like syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

CL065_HUMAN
  • Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 7 (COXPD7) [MIM:613559]: A mitochondrial disease resulting in encephalomyopathy. Clinical manifestations include psychomotor delay and regression, ataxia, optic atrophy, nystagmus and muscle atrophy and weakness. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20598281}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spastic paraplegia 55, autosomal recessive (SPG55) [MIM:615035]: A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. Complicated forms are recognized by additional variable features including spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23188110}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for C12orf65

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
C12orf65
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with C12orf65: view

No data available for Genatlas for C12orf65 Gene

Publications for C12orf65 Gene

  1. A homozygous mutation of C12orf65 causes spastic paraplegia with optic atrophy and neuropathy (SPG55). (PMID: 23188110) Shimazaki H … Japan Spastic Paraplegia Research Consortium (JASPAC) (Journal of medical genetics 2012) 2 3 4 60
  2. Mutations in C12orf65 in patients with encephalomyopathy and a mitochondrial translation defect. (PMID: 20598281) Antonicka H … Shoubridge EA (American journal of human genetics 2010) 2 3 4 60
  3. Evolution and diversification of the organellar release factor family. (PMID: 22688947) Duarte I … Huynen M (Molecular biology and evolution 2012) 2 3 60
  4. Solution structure and siRNA-mediated knockdown analysis of the mitochondrial disease-related protein C12orf65. (PMID: 22821833) Kogure H … Nameki N (Proteins 2012) 3 4 60
  5. A functional peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase, ICT1, has been recruited into the human mitochondrial ribosome. (PMID: 20186120) Richter R … Chrzanowska-Lightowlers ZM (The EMBO journal 2010) 3 4 60

Products for C12orf65 Gene

Sources for C12orf65 Gene

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