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Aliases for BTLA Gene

Aliases for BTLA Gene

  • B And T Lymphocyte Associated 2 3 5
  • B- And T-Lymphocyte-Associated Protein 3 4
  • B- And T-Lymphocyte Attenuator 3
  • CD272 Antigen 4
  • BTLA1 3
  • CD272 3

External Ids for BTLA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BTLA Gene

  • GC03M113466
  • GC03M113505
  • GC03M113667
  • GC03M112182
  • GC03M109566

Summaries for BTLA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BTLA Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The encoded protein contains a single immunoglobulin (Ig) domain and is a receptor that relays inhibitory signals to suppress the immune response. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Polymorphisms in this gene have been associated with an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GeneCards Summary for BTLA Gene

BTLA (B And T Lymphocyte Associated) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BTLA include Xanthogranulomatous Cholecystitis. Among its related pathways are Immune System and IgA-Producing B Cells in the Intestine. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BTLA Gene

  • Lymphocyte inhibitory receptor which inhibits lymphocytes during immune response.

Gene Wiki entry for BTLA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BTLA Gene

Genomics for BTLA Gene

Regulatory Elements for BTLA Gene

Enhancers for BTLA Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH03F112494 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 14.1 +1.8 1755 6.7 HDGF TBP PKNOX1 MXI1 ZNF146 WRNIP1 JUN ASH2L RELA YY1 SLC35A5 BTLA CD200 MIR567 C3orf52 LOC105374041
GH03F112357 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.7 +138.1 138097 9.2 ZFP64 JUN BMI1 RELA GATA3 POLR2A SCRT2 FOS PRDM10 SCRT1 CD200 BTLA MIR567 C3orf52 ENSG00000239482 SLC9C1 ENSG00000261488 ATG3
GH03F112462 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.3 +35.0 34989 3.9 HDGF TBP PKNOX1 MXI1 TBL1XR1 RELA CBX5 POLR2A NFYB ETV6 BTLA CD200 MIR567 C3orf52 SLC35A5 LOC105374041
GH03F112389 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +108.6 108644 3.4 SOX13 SRF SIX4 PKNOX1 JUN BHLHE40 REST ZBTB40 OSR2 SREBF1 CD200 BTLA MIR567 C3orf52 LOC105374041 GC03M112363
GH03F112457 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.2 +39.6 39598 4.7 TBP PKNOX1 TBL1XR1 WRNIP1 BMI1 CBX5 ETV6 CREM CBFB JUNB BTLA CD200 MIR567 C3orf52 LOC105374041
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around BTLA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for BTLA Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for BTLA Gene

112,463,966 bp from pter
112,499,702 bp from pter
35,737 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for BTLA Gene

Genes around BTLA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BTLA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BTLA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BTLA Gene

Proteins for BTLA Gene

  • Protein details for BTLA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3B831
    • Q3HS85
    • Q6ZNH9

    Protein attributes for BTLA Gene

    289 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32834 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with tyrosine phosphatases PTPN6/SHP-1 and PTPN11/SHP-2. Interacts with TNFRSF14/HVEM.
    • Sequence=BAD18396.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for BTLA Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for BTLA Gene


neXtProt entry for BTLA Gene

Post-translational modifications for BTLA Gene

  • N-glycosylated.
  • Phosphorylated on Tyr residues by TNFRSF14 and by antigen receptors cross-linking, both inducing association with PTPN6 and PTPN11.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 75, Asn 94, and Asn 110
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for BTLA Gene

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for BTLA
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for BTLA

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BTLA Gene

Domains & Families for BTLA Gene

Protein Domains for BTLA Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
  • Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BTLA: view

Function for BTLA Gene

Molecular function for BTLA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lymphocyte inhibitory receptor which inhibits lymphocytes during immune response.

Phenotypes for BTLA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BTLA: view

Animal Models for BTLA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BTLA:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BTLA Gene

Localization for BTLA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BTLA Gene

Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BTLA gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 2
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BTLA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BTLA: view

Pathways & Interactions for BTLA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with BTLA: view

Pathways by source for BTLA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BTLA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002250 adaptive immune response IEA --
GO:0002376 immune system process IEA --
GO:0031295 T cell costimulation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BTLA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for BTLA Gene

Transcripts for BTLA Gene

mRNA/cDNA for BTLA Gene

Unigene Clusters for BTLA Gene

B and T lymphocyte associated:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BTLA Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for BTLA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BTLA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for BTLA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for BTLA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (42.8) and Blymphocyte (15.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for BTLA Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for BTLA Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of BTLA Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BTLA Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BTLA: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BTLA Gene

Orthologs for BTLA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BTLA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BTLA 34 35
  • 99.77 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BTLA 34 35
  • 78.13 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BTLA 34 35
  • 75.41 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Btla 34 16 35
  • 70.74 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Btla 34
  • 69.66 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia BTLA 35
  • 32 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia BTLA 35
  • 33 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101732729 34
  • 51.25 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii BTLA 35
  • 17 (a)
Species where no ortholog for BTLA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BTLA Gene

Gene Tree for BTLA (if available)
Gene Tree for BTLA (if available)

Paralogs for BTLA Gene

No data available for Paralogs for BTLA Gene

Variants for BTLA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BTLA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10511317 -- 112,501,522(-) TCCAA(C/G)TAGTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs111311350 -- 112,483,377(+) TCCCA(A/G)CCTGA intron-variant
rs111377154 -- 112,499,709(+) ACTCA(A/G)TGTTC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime
rs111491682 -- 112,458,293(+) ATGAC(A/C)ATCTT downstream-variant-500B
rs111544923 -- 112,466,566(+) ATGAA(A/G)GGCTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BTLA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv953246 CNV duplication 24416366
nsv591300 CNV gain 21841781
nsv591294 CNV gain 21841781
nsv591293 CNV loss 21841781
nsv3950 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv1005323 CNV gain 25217958
esv3597411 CNV gain 21293372
esv3333682 CNV insertion 20981092
dgv4840n100 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for BTLA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.07; 1.69% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for BTLA Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BTLA Gene

Disorders for BTLA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for BTLA Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis
  • cx
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BTLA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for BTLA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BTLA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for BTLA Gene

Publications for BTLA Gene

  1. BTLA is a lymphocyte inhibitory receptor with similarities to CTLA-4 and PD-1. (PMID: 12796776) Watanabe N. … Murphy K.M. (Nat. Immunol. 2003) 2 3 4 64
  2. Association of BTLA gene polymorphisms with the risk of malignant breast cancer in Chinese women of Heilongjiang Province. (PMID: 19585237) Fu Z. … Li D. (Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2010) 3 46 64
  3. PD1 as a common candidate susceptibility gene of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. (PMID: 20066438) Ishizaki Y. … Hara T. (Hum. Genet. 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Large-scale candidate gene analysis of spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus. (PMID: 20331378) Mosbruger T.L. … Thio C.L. (J. Infect. Dis. 2010) 3 46 64
  5. Association study between B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator gene and type 1 diabetes mellitus or systemic lupus erythematosus in the Japanese population. (PMID: 19207938) Inuo M. … Hara T. (Int. J. Immunogenet. 2009) 3 46 64

Products for BTLA Gene

Sources for BTLA Gene

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