Aliases for BRAF Gene
- B-Raf Proto-Oncogene, Serine/Threonine Kinase 2 3 5
- V-Raf Murine Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog B1 3 4
- V-Raf Murine Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog B 2 3
- Proto-Oncogene B-Raf 3 4
- BRAF1 3 4
- RAFB1 3 4
- B-Raf Proto-Oncogene Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase (P94) 3
- Murine Sarcoma Viral (V-Raf) Oncogene Homolog B1 3
External Ids for BRAF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BRAF Gene
This gene encodes a protein belonging to the raf/mil family of serine/threonine protein kinases. This protein plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERKs signaling pathway, which affects cell division, differentiation, and secretion. Mutations in this gene are associated with cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, a disease characterized by heart defects, mental retardation and a distinctive facial appearance. Mutations in this gene have also been associated with various cancers, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colorectal cancer, malignant melanoma, thyroid carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma of lung. A pseudogene, which is located on chromosome X, has been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for BRAF Gene
BRAF (B-Raf Proto-Oncogene, Serine/Threonine Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BRAF include Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome and Lung Cancer. Among its related pathways are Development Slit-Robo signaling and MAPK Signaling: Oxidative Stress Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups. An important paralog of this gene is RAF1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BRAF Gene
Protein kinase involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus. May play a role in the postsynaptic responses of hippocampal neuron. Phosphorylates MAP2K1, and thereby contributes to the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway.
Raf kinases, a family of three serine/threonine kinases, are part of the Ras-MAPK signaling cascade and phosphorylate MEK. Upon growth factor stimulation, Raf-1 (c-Raf) is activated by GTP-bound Ras and recruited to the cell membrane. This activation process is tightly regulated.