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Aliases for BPI Gene

Aliases for BPI Gene

  • Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein 2 3
  • CAP 57 3 4
  • Bactericidal Permeability-Increasing Protein 3
  • BPI Fold Containing Family D, Member 1 3
  • Recombinant BPI Holoprotein, RBPI 3
  • BPI Fold Containing Family D 2
  • Member 1 2
  • BPIFD1 3
  • RBPI 3

External Ids for BPI Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BPI Gene

  • GC20P036661
  • GC20P037571
  • GC20P037618
  • GC20P036365
  • GC20P036888

Summaries for BPI Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BPI Gene

  • This gene encodes a lipopolysaccharide binding protein. It is associated with human neutrophil granules and has antimicrobial activity against gram-negative organisms. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for BPI Gene

BPI (Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BPI include meningococcemia and stenotrophomonas maltophilia. GO annotations related to this gene include lipopolysaccharide binding. An important paralog of this gene is LBP.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BPI Gene

  • The cytotoxic action of BPI is limited to many species of Gram-negative bacteria; this specificity may be explained by a strong affinity of the very basic N-terminal half for the negatively charged lipopolysaccharides that are unique to the Gram-negative bacterial outer envelope. Has antibacterial activity against the Gram-nagative bacterium P.aeruginosa, this activity is inhibited by LPS from P.aeruginosa.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BPI Gene

Genomics for BPI Gene

Regulatory Elements for BPI Gene

Genomic Location for BPI Gene

Start:
38,260,149 bp from pter
End:
38,337,505 bp from pter
Size:
77,357 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for BPI Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for BPI Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BPI Gene

Proteins for BPI Gene

  • Protein details for BPI Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P17213-BPI_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Bactericidal permeability-increasing protein
    Protein Accession:
    P17213
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RCY2
    • Q1ZZU8
    • Q5JRW0
    • Q8IW58
    • Q9BYZ9
    • Q9H1L2
    • Q9H1M8
    • Q9H203
    • Q9UCT4
    • Q9UD65

    Protein attributes for BPI Gene

    Size:
    487 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53900 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer. Homodimer; disulfide-linked.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for BPI Gene

neXtProt entry for BPI Gene

Proteomics data for BPI Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for BPI Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn380
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for BPI Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BPI Gene

Domains for BPI Gene

Gene Families for BPI Gene

HGNC:
  • BPIF :BPI fold containing

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for BPI Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P17213

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

BPI_HUMAN :
  • P17213
Domain:
  • The N-terminal region may be exposed to the interior of the granule, whereas the C-terminal portion may be embedded in the membrane. During phagocytosis and degranulation, proteases may be released and activated and cleave BPI at the junction of the N- and C-terminal portions of the molecule, providing controlled release of the N-terminal antibacterial fragment when bacteria are ingested.
  • The N- and C-terminal barrels adopt an identical fold despite having only 13% of conserved residues.
Family:
  • Belongs to the BPI/LBP/Plunc superfamily. BPI/LBP family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BPI: view

Function for BPI Gene

Molecular function for BPI Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: bactericidal permeability increasing protein,55kDa,released from azurophilic granules of neutrophiles,oxygen independent phagocytosis of Gram- bacteria
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: The cytotoxic action of BPI is limited to many species of Gram-negative bacteria; this specificity may be explained by a strong affinity of the very basic N-terminal half for the negatively charged lipopolysaccharides that are unique to the Gram-negative bacterial outer envelope. Has antibacterial activity against the Gram-nagative bacterium P.aeruginosa, this activity is inhibited by LPS from P.aeruginosa.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for BPI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001530 lipopolysaccharide binding IDA 8409400
GO:0008289 lipid binding --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BPI: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for BPI Gene

Localization for BPI Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BPI Gene

Secreted. Cytoplasmic granule membrane. Note=Membrane-associated in polymorphonuclear Leukocytes (PMN) granules.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for BPI Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BPI gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 4
lysosome 2
vacuole 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BPI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 2722846
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BPI: view

Pathways for BPI Gene

SuperPathways for BPI Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for BPI Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: P17213-BPI_HUMAN for BPI Gene via I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BPI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006955 immune response IEA --
GO:0032715 negative regulation of interleukin-6 production IDA 8409400
GO:0032717 negative regulation of interleukin-8 production IDA 8409400
GO:0032720 negative regulation of tumor necrosis factor production IDA 8409400
GO:0042742 defense response to bacterium --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BPI: view

No data available for Pathways by source for BPI Gene

Compounds for BPI Gene

(1) Drugbank Compounds for BPI Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Di-Stearoyl-3-Sn-Phosphatidylcholine
target

(28) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for BPI Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
endotoxin 78.8 104
centoxin 75.9 1
polymyxin b 64.7 9
phospholipid 42.4 8
lipoteichoic acid 25.7 3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with BPI: view

Transcripts for BPI Gene

Unigene Clusters for BPI Gene

Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BPI Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b
SP1: - - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for BPI Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
BPI
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
BPI

Expression for BPI Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for BPI Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for BPI Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (39.4) and Testis (4.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for BPI Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BPI Gene Hs.529019

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BPI Gene

P17213-BPI_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Restricted to cells of the myeloid series
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with BPI: view

Orthologs for BPI Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BPI Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BPI 35
  • 96.91 (n)
  • 95.93 (a)
BPI 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BPI 35
  • 75.47 (n)
  • 63.62 (a)
BPI 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BPI 35
  • 77.46 (n)
  • 67.01 (a)
BPI 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Bpi 35
  • 68.48 (n)
  • 54.07 (a)
Bpi 16
Bpi 36
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia BPI 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Bpi 35
  • 68.68 (n)
  • 55.74 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
BPI 35
  • 61.86 (n)
  • 50.97 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii bpifcl 35
  • 43.61 (n)
  • 25.5 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 24 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for BPI:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BPI Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for BPI (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for BPI (if available)

Paralogs for BPI Gene

Paralogs for BPI Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for BPI Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with BPI: view

Variants for BPI Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BPI Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1131847 -- 38,337,215(+) CAGCC(A/G)CACCT utr-variant-3-prime, nc-transcript-variant
rs1341021 -- 38,309,833(-) TTCCC(C/T)AGAAA intron-variant
rs1341022 -- 38,304,149(+) CCCCA(C/G)CCGAC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1341023 - 38,304,258(+) ATGGG(C/T)GTCCC reference, missense, nc-transcript-variant
rs1341024 -- 38,304,274(+) GTGCT(C/G)GTCGC synonymous-codon, reference, nc-transcript-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BPI Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv35121 CNV Gain 17911159
dgv1327e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv817893 CNV Gain 17921354
esv2722392 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2722393 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2722394 CNV Deletion 23290073
essv13086 CNV CNV 17122850

Relevant External Links for BPI Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
BPI
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
BPI

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BPI Gene

Disorders for BPI Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (11) Diseases for BPI Gene including...

Search for BPI Gene in MalaCards »

(5) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for BPI Gene

(44) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for BPI Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
gram-negative bacterial infections 78.2 8
nasal epithelium 62 2
vasculitis 62 6
shock endotoxic 59.2 5
shock septic 55.4 5

Relevant External Links for BPI

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
BPI
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
BPI
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BPI: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BPI Gene

Publications for BPI Gene

  1. Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein. LPS binding properties and effects on LPS- mediated cell activation. (PMID: 7517398) Wilde C.G. … Scott R.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 1994) 3 4 23
  2. Crystal structure of human BPI and two bound phospholipids at 2.4-A resolution. (PMID: 9188532) Beamer L.J. … Eisenberg D. (Science 1997) 3 4 23
  3. Gene variants of the bactericidal/permeability increasing protein and lipopolysaccharide binding protein in sepsis patients: gender-specific genetic predisposition to sepsis. (PMID: 11373419) Hubacek J.A. … Schmitz G. (Crit. Care Med. 2001) 3 23 48
  4. Polymorphisms in the lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein in patients with myocardial infarction. (PMID: 12521224) Hubacek J.A. … Poledne R. (Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2002) 3 23 48
  5. Lipid mediator-induced expression of bactericidal/ permeability-increasing protein (BPI) in human mucosal epithelia. (PMID: 11891303) Canny G. … Colgan S.P. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3 23

Products for BPI Gene

Sources for BPI Gene

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