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Aliases for BMP15 Gene

Aliases for BMP15 Gene

  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15 2 3 5
  • Growth/Differentiation Factor 9B 3 4
  • BMP-15 3 4
  • GDF-9B 3 4
  • GDF9B 3 4
  • ODG2 3
  • POF4 3

External Ids for BMP15 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BMP15 Gene

  • GC0XP049198
  • GC0XP048656
  • GC0XP049338
  • GC0XP049570
  • GC0XP050486
  • GC0XP050670
  • GC0XP048097

Summaries for BMP15 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BMP15 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein family which is part of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. The transforming growth factor-beta superfamily includes large families of growth and differentiation factors. It is thought that this protein may be involved in oocyte maturation and follicular development as a homodimer or by forming heterodimers with a related protein, Gdf9. Defects in this gene are the cause of ovarian dysgenesis 2.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GeneCards Summary for BMP15 Gene

BMP15 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BMP15 include Ovarian Dysgenesis 2 and 46,Xx Testicular Disorder Of Sex Development. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and TGF-Beta Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and transforming growth factor beta receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is GDF10.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BMP15 Gene

  • May be involved in follicular development. Oocyte-specific growth/differentiation factor that stimulates folliculogenesis and granulosa cell (GC) growth.

Gene Wiki entry for BMP15 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BMP15 Gene

Genomics for BMP15 Gene

Regulatory Elements for BMP15 Gene

Enhancers for BMP15 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around BMP15 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for BMP15 Gene

50,910,735 bp from pter
50,916,641 bp from pter
5,907 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for BMP15 Gene

Genes around BMP15 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BMP15 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BMP15 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BMP15 Gene

Proteins for BMP15 Gene

  • Protein details for BMP15 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Bone morphogenetic protein 15
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q17RM6
    • Q5JST1
    • Q9UMS1

    Protein attributes for BMP15 Gene

    392 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    45055 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. But, in contrast to other members of this family, cannot be disulfide-linked.
    • Ovarian physiology and fertility are controlled by endocrine and paracrine signals. These act in a species-dependent manner and determine the ovulation quota in different mammalian species. While humans, and mammals such as the cow or red deer, normally ovulate only one egg per cycle, other mammals such as mouse and pig can ovulate in excess of ten per cycle. The mechanisms that regulate the species-specific differences in the number of follicles that go onto ovulate during each reproductive cycle are poorly understood. According to PubMed:21970812, mRNA expression levels of GDF9 and BMP15 are tightly coregulated within each species and influence species-specific ovulation-rates.
    • The mature protein migrates in two distinct mature proteins, P16 (16KDa) and P17 (17KDa).

neXtProt entry for BMP15 Gene

Proteomics data for BMP15 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for BMP15 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 87, Asn 147, Asn 237, Thr 277, and Asn 373
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for BMP15 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for BMP15 (BMP-15/GDF-9B)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BMP15 Gene

Domains & Families for BMP15 Gene

Gene Families for BMP15 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for BMP15 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BMP15: view

Function for BMP15 Gene

Molecular function for BMP15 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
bone morphogenetic protein 15,expressed in oocytes,co-localized with GDF9,and likely involved in follicular development
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be involved in follicular development. Oocyte-specific growth/differentiation factor that stimulates folliculogenesis and granulosa cell (GC) growth.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BMP15: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for BMP15 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for BMP15 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BMP15:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for BMP15 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target BMP15

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BMP15 Gene

Localization for BMP15 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BMP15 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for BMP15 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BMP15 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1
vacuole 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BMP15 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for BMP15 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with BMP15: view

Pathways by source for BMP15 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for BMP15 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BMP15 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001541 ovarian follicle development IEA --
GO:0010862 positive regulation of pathway-restricted SMAD protein phosphorylation IBA --
GO:0030509 BMP signaling pathway IBA --
GO:0043408 regulation of MAPK cascade IBA --
GO:0060016 granulosa cell development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BMP15: view

Drugs & Compounds for BMP15 Gene

(1) Drugs for BMP15 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with BMP15: view

Transcripts for BMP15 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for BMP15 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BMP15 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for BMP15 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BMP15 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for BMP15 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for BMP15 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x35.6), Ovary (x8.8), Cervix - Endocervix (x4.4), and Lung (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for BMP15 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Monocytes (64.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for BMP15 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BMP15 Gene Hs.532692

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BMP15: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for BMP15 Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BMP15 Gene

Orthologs for BMP15 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BMP15 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BMP15 35
  • 82.32 (n)
  • 74.54 (a)
BMP15 36
  • 74 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BMP15 35
  • 83.46 (n)
  • 74.68 (a)
BMP15 36
  • 74 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Bmp15 35
  • 75.95 (n)
  • 64.43 (a)
Bmp15 16
Bmp15 36
  • 63 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BMP15 35
  • 99.23 (n)
  • 98.47 (a)
BMP15 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Bmp15 35
  • 75.62 (n)
  • 64.34 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia BMP15 36
  • 52 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia BMP15 36
  • 43 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves BMP15 35
  • 54.26 (n)
  • 48.17 (a)
BMP15 36
  • 42 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia BMP15 36
  • 38 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100485893 35
  • 53.53 (n)
  • 47.12 (a)
Str.19786 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.18594 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii bmp15 35
  • 46.92 (n)
  • 34.17 (a)
wufi35a05 35
bmp15 36
  • 27 (a)
Species with no ortholog for BMP15:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BMP15 Gene

Gene Tree for BMP15 (if available)
Gene Tree for BMP15 (if available)

Paralogs for BMP15 Gene

Paralogs for BMP15 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with BMP15: view

Variants for BMP15 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BMP15 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_021195 Ovarian dysgenesis 2 (ODG2)
rs113099187 - 50,910,796(+) TCCTC(A/C)GTATT reference, missense
VAR_058975 Premature ovarian failure 4 (POF4)
VAR_058976 Premature ovarian failure 4 (POF4)
rs104894763 Premature ovarian failure 4 (POF4) 50,910,985(+) CACTG(C/T)GGTAC reference, missense

Variation tolerance for BMP15 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.30; 81.38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for BMP15 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BMP15 Gene

Disorders for BMP15 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(14) MalaCards diseases for BMP15 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
ovarian dysgenesis 2
  • premature ovarian failure 4
46,xx testicular disorder of sex development
  • 46,xx testicular dsd
premature ovarian failure
  • premature menopause
uterine hypoplasia
premature ovarian failure 1
  • turner syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BMP15 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Ovarian dysgenesis 2 (ODG2) [MIM:300510]: A disorder characterized by lack of spontaneous pubertal development, primary amenorrhea, uterine hypoplasia, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism as a result of streak gonads. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15136966}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Premature ovarian failure 4 (POF4) [MIM:300510]: An ovarian disorder defined as the cessation of ovarian function under the age of 40 years. It is characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, in the presence of elevated levels of serum gonadotropins and low estradiol. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16464940, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16508750, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16645022, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19263482, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19438907}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for BMP15

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BMP15: view

No data available for Genatlas for BMP15 Gene

Publications for BMP15 Gene

  1. BMP15 mutations associated with primary ovarian insufficiency cause a defective production of bioactive protein. (PMID: 19263482) Rossetti R. … Persani L. (Hum. Mutat. 2009) 3 4 23 48 67
  2. The bone morphogenetic protein 15 gene is X-linked and expressed in oocytes. (PMID: 9849956) Dube J.L. … Matzuk M.M. (Mol. Endocrinol. 1998) 2 3 23
  3. Expression of growth differentiation factor-9 and bone morphogenetic protein-15 in oocytes and cumulus granulosa cells of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. (PMID: 19376510) Zhao S.Y. … Yan J. (Fertil. Steril. 2010) 3 23
  4. Analyses of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) mutation in Chinese women with premature ovarian failure. (PMID: 19438907) Wang B. … Ma X. (Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf.) 2010) 3 23
  5. Golgi apparatus casein kinase phosphorylates bioactive Ser-6 of bone morphogenetic protein 15 and growth and differentiation factor 9. (PMID: 20067794) Tibaldi E. … Pinna L.A. (FEBS Lett. 2010) 3 23

Products for BMP15 Gene

Sources for BMP15 Gene