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Aliases for BCAM Gene

Aliases for BCAM Gene

  • Basal Cell Adhesion Molecule (Lutheran Blood Group) 2 3 5
  • Basal Cell Adhesion Molecule (Lu And Au Blood Groups) 2 3
  • B-CAM Cell Surface Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Auberger B Antigen 3 4
  • F8/G253 Antigen 3 4
  • MSK19 3 4
  • LU 3 4
  • Lutheran Blood Group (Auberger B Antigen Included) 2
  • Antigen Identified By Monoclonal Antibody F8 3
  • Lutheran Blood Group Variant LUGA 3
  • Lutheran Blood Group Glycoprotein 4
  • B-Cell Adhesion Molecule 3
  • Lutheran Blood Group 3
  • Glycoprotein 95kDa 3
  • Lutheran Antigen 4
  • CD239 Antigen 4
  • CD239 3
  • AU 3

External Ids for BCAM Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for BCAM Gene

  • LU

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BCAM Gene

  • GC19P050005
  • GC19P045312
  • GC19P041744

Summaries for BCAM Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BCAM Gene

  • This gene encodes Lutheran blood group glycoprotein, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and a receptor for the extracellular matrix protein, laminin. The protein contains five extracellular immunoglobulin domains, a single transmembrane domain, and a short C-terminal cytoplasmic tail. This protein may play a role in epithelial cell cancer and in vaso-occlusion of red blood cells in sickle cell disease. Polymorphisms in this gene define some of the antigens in the Lutheran system and also the Auberger system. Inactivating variants of this gene result in the recessive Lutheran null phenotype, Lu(a-b-), of the Lutheran blood group. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

GeneCards Summary for BCAM Gene

BCAM (Basal Cell Adhesion Molecule (Lutheran Blood Group)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BCAM include Testicular Gonadoblastoma and Sickle Cell Disease. GO annotations related to this gene include transmembrane signaling receptor activity and laminin binding. An important paralog of this gene is AGER.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BCAM Gene

  • Laminin alpha-5 receptor. May mediate intracellular signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for BCAM Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BCAM Gene

Genomics for BCAM Gene

Regulatory Elements for BCAM Gene

Enhancers for BCAM Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around BCAM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for BCAM Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around BCAM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for BCAM Gene

44,809,059 bp from pter
44,821,421 bp from pter
12,363 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for BCAM Gene

Genes around BCAM on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BCAM Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BCAM Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BCAM Gene

Proteins for BCAM Gene

  • Protein details for BCAM Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Basal cell adhesion molecule
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8MYF9
    • A9YWT5
    • A9YWT6
    • Q86VC7

    Protein attributes for BCAM Gene

    628 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    67405 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=EAW57297.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for BCAM Gene

neXtProt entry for BCAM Gene

Proteomics data for BCAM Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for BCAM Gene

  • Epinephrine-stimulated phosphorylation of Ser-621 by PKA enhances adhesion to laminin.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 321, Asn 377, Asn 383, Asn 419, and Asn 439
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for BCAM Gene

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for CD239

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BCAM Gene

Domains & Families for BCAM Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 3 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains.
  • Contains 3 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains.
  • Contains 2 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BCAM: view

Function for BCAM Gene

Molecular function for BCAM Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Laminin alpha-5 receptor. May mediate intracellular signaling.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for BCAM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005055 laminin receptor activity IEA,IMP 16236823
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA,IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BCAM: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BCAM: view

Animal Models for BCAM Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BCAM:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for BCAM

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BCAM Gene

Localization for BCAM Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BCAM Gene

Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for BCAM Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BCAM gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BCAM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0009897 external side of plasma membrane IC 16236823
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BCAM: view

Pathways & Interactions for BCAM Gene

SuperPathways for BCAM Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BCAM Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007160 cell-matrix adhesion IMP 16236823
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BCAM: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for BCAM Gene

Drugs & Compounds for BCAM Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for BCAM Gene

Unigene Clusters for BCAM Gene

Basal cell adhesion molecule (Lutheran blood group):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BCAM Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for BCAM Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BCAM Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for BCAM Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for BCAM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Kidney - Cortex (x5.3) and Artery - Tibial (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for BCAM Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (12.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for BCAM Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BCAM Gene Hs.625725

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BCAM Gene

Tissue specificity: Wide tissue distribution (highest in the pancreas and very low in brain). Closely associated with the basal layer of cells in epithelia and the endothelium of blood vessel walls.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BCAM: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for BCAM Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

Orthologs for BCAM Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BCAM Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BCAM 35
  • 82.27 (n)
  • 77.39 (a)
  • 77 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BCAM 35
  • 84.18 (n)
  • 80.41 (a)
  • 80 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Bcam 35
  • 75.68 (n)
  • 73.43 (a)
Bcam 16
Bcam 36
  • 71 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BCAM 35
  • 99.38 (n)
  • 98.96 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Bcam 35
  • 76.26 (n)
  • 73.63 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia BCAM 36
  • 48 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia BCAM 36
  • 34 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia bcam 35
  • 47.16 (n)
  • 37.43 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100536698 35
  • 49.38 (n)
  • 38.62 (a)
bcam 36
  • 30 (a)
BCAM (1 of 2) 36
  • 33 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 22 (a)
Species with no ortholog for BCAM:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BCAM Gene

Gene Tree for BCAM (if available)
Gene Tree for BCAM (if available)

Paralogs for BCAM Gene

Paralogs for BCAM Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for BCAM Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with BCAM: view

Variants for BCAM Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BCAM Gene

BCAM is responsible for the Lutheran blood group system (LU) [MIM:111200]. Lutheran is a complex blood group system consisting of 19 antigens. Antigens Lu(a) and Lu(b) are defined by a polymorphism at position 77: Lu(a) has His-77 and Lu(b) has Arg-77.
Inactivating variants in BCAM are responsible for the recessive Lutheran null phenotype Lu(a-b-) of the Lutheran blood group [MIM:247420]. Autosomal recessive inheritance of the Lutheran null blood group phenotype is extremely rare. There is no obvious associated clinical or hematologic pathology, and all patients have been identified through identification of anti-Lu3 antibodies in their serum.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BCAM Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs28399653 - 44,812,188(+) CCCCC(A/C/G)CCTAG reference, missense
rs28399654 - 44,813,331(+) TGCCC(A/G/T)TAGAG reference, missense
rs28399656 - 44,813,447(+) CTACA(A/T)GACCA reference, missense
rs9967601 - 44,814,212(+) GGTAC(A/G)CGAGG reference, missense
rs28399626 - 44,818,584(+) GTGCA(A/G)TCGTG reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BCAM Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3945n71 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv3946n71 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv912121 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912123 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912124 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3947n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv912126 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
nsv912127 CNV Gain 21882294

Variation tolerance for BCAM Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.97; 59.87% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for BCAM Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database (BGMUT)
Blood Group System

Disorders for BCAM Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for BCAM Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
testicular gonadoblastoma
sickle cell disease
  • hemoglobin s disease
male reproductive organ benign neoplasm
  • monkeypox virus infection
splenic sequestration
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BCAM in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for BCAM

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BCAM: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for BCAM Gene

Publications for BCAM Gene

  1. Organization of the human LU gene and molecular basis of the Lu(a)/Lu(b) blood group polymorphism. (PMID: 9192786) El Nemer W. … Le Van Kim C. (Blood 1997) 3 4 23 67
  2. Identification and characterization of Lutheran blood group glycoprotein as a new substrate of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MT1-MMP): a systemic whole cell analysis of MT1-MMP-associating proteins in A431 cells. (PMID: 19667067) Niiya D. … Seiki M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23
  3. Laminin-10 and Lutheran blood group glycoproteins in adhesion of human endothelial cells. (PMID: 16236823) VainionpAoAo N. … Virtanen I. (Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 2006) 3 23
  4. The Lutheran glycoprotein: a multifunctional adhesion receptor. (PMID: 16584446) Eyler C.E. … Telen M.J. (Transfusion 2006) 3 23
  5. B-CAM/LU expression and the role of B-CAM/LU activation in binding of low- and high-density red cells to laminin in sickle cell disease. (PMID: 14755370) Zen Q. … Telen M.J. (Am. J. Hematol. 2004) 3 23

Products for BCAM Gene

Sources for BCAM Gene