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Aliases for BBS12 Gene

Aliases for BBS12 Gene

  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 12 2 3 5
  • C4orf24 3 4
  • Chromosome 4 Open Reading Frame 24 2

External Ids for BBS12 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for BBS12 Gene

  • C4orf24

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BBS12 Gene

  • GC04P123874
  • GC04P123653
  • GC04P119380

Summaries for BBS12 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BBS12 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is part of a complex that is involved in membrane trafficking. The encoded protein is a molecular chaperone that aids in protein folding upon ATP hydrolysis. This protein also plays a role in adipocyte differentiation. Defects in this gene are a cause of Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 12. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for BBS12 Gene

BBS12 (Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BBS12 include Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 12 and Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Cargo trafficking to the periciliary membrane.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BBS12 Gene

  • Probable molecular chaperone. Assists the folding of proteins upon ATP hydrolysis. As part of the BBS/CCT complex may play a role in the assembly of BBSome, a complex involved in ciliogenesis regulating transports vesicles to the cilia. Involved in adipogenic differentiation.

Gene Wiki entry for BBS12 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BBS12 Gene

Genomics for BBS12 Gene

Regulatory Elements for BBS12 Gene

Enhancers for BBS12 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around BBS12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for BBS12 Gene

122,700,444 bp from pter
122,744,943 bp from pter
44,500 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for BBS12 Gene

Genes around BBS12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BBS12 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BBS12 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BBS12 Gene

Proteins for BBS12 Gene

  • Protein details for BBS12 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Bardet-Biedl syndrome 12 protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DNX5
    • Q7Z342
    • Q7Z482
    • Q8NAB8

    Protein attributes for BBS12 Gene

    710 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    79085 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the BBS/CCT complex composed at least of MKKS, BBS10, BBS12, TCP1, CCT2, CCT3, CCT4, CCT5 AND CCT8.
    • Adipocytes derived from BBS-patients dermal fibroblasts in culture exhibit higher propensity for fat accumulation when compared to controls. This strongly suggests that a peripheral primary dysfunction of adipogenesis participates to the pathogenesis of obesity in BBS.
    • Sequence=BAC04006.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for BBS12 Gene

Proteomics data for BBS12 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for BBS12 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for BBS12 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BBS12 Gene

Domains & Families for BBS12 Gene

Gene Families for BBS12 Gene

Protein Domains for BBS12 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for BBS12 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TCP-1 chaperonin family. BBS12 subfamily.
  • Belongs to the TCP-1 chaperonin family. BBS12 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BBS12: view

Function for BBS12 Gene

Molecular function for BBS12 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable molecular chaperone. Assists the folding of proteins upon ATP hydrolysis. As part of the BBS/CCT complex may play a role in the assembly of BBSome, a complex involved in ciliogenesis regulating transports vesicles to the cilia. Involved in adipogenic differentiation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BBS12: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for BBS12 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for BBS12 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BBS12:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for BBS12 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target BBS12

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BBS12 Gene

Localization for BBS12 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BBS12 Gene

Cell projection, cilium. Note=Located within the basal body of the primary cilium of differentiating preadipocytes.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for BBS12 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BBS12 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BBS12 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for BBS12 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with BBS12: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BBS12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0042755 eating behavior IEA --
GO:0045599 negative regulation of fat cell differentiation IEA,IMP 22958920
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BBS12: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for BBS12 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for BBS12 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for BBS12 Gene

Unigene Clusters for BBS12 Gene

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 12:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BBS12 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for BBS12 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BBS12 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for BBS12 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BBS12 Gene Hs.400698

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BBS12: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for BBS12 Gene

Orthologs for BBS12 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BBS12 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BBS12 35
  • 82.86 (n)
  • 75 (a)
BBS12 36
  • 74 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BBS12 35
  • 86.46 (n)
  • 79.27 (a)
BBS12 36
  • 79 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Bbs12 35
  • 80.32 (n)
  • 69.07 (a)
Bbs12 16
Bbs12 36
  • 69 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BBS12 35
  • 98.78 (n)
  • 98.31 (a)
BBS12 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Bbs12 35
  • 80.17 (n)
  • 70.82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia BBS12 36
  • 57 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia BBS12 36
  • 52 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves BBS12 35
  • 56.81 (n)
  • 47.43 (a)
BBS12 36
  • 47 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia BBS12 36
  • 43 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia bbs12 35
  • 53.02 (n)
  • 42.43 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.15612 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii bbs12 35
  • 49.37 (n)
  • 39.39 (a)
bbs12 36
  • 29 (a)
Species with no ortholog for BBS12:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BBS12 Gene

Gene Tree for BBS12 (if available)
Gene Tree for BBS12 (if available)

Paralogs for BBS12 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for BBS12 Gene

Variants for BBS12 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BBS12 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs138036823 - 122,742,008(+) ATTTA(C/T)TATAG reference, missense
rs309369 - 122,742,270(+) GAAGA(G/T)GTAGT reference, missense
VAR_034922 Bardet-Biedl syndrome 12 (BBS12)
VAR_034923 -
rs17854892 - 122,742,476(+) TCTTA(A/G)ATCAT reference, missense

Variation tolerance for BBS12 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 81.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.03; 68.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for BBS12 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BBS12 Gene

Disorders for BBS12 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for BBS12 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
bardet-biedl syndrome 12
  • bbs12
bardet-biedl syndrome
  • laurence-moon syndrome
bardet-biedl syndrome 1
  • bardet-biedl syndrome 1, modifier of
bbs12-related bardet-biedl syndrome
  • bardet-biedl syndrome 12
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BBS12 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Bardet-Biedl syndrome 12 (BBS12) [MIM:615989]: A syndrome characterized by usually severe pigmentary retinopathy, early-onset obesity, polydactyly, hypogenitalism, renal malformation and mental retardation. Secondary features include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and congenital heart disease. Bardet-Biedl syndrome inheritance is autosomal recessive, but three mutated alleles (two at one locus, and a third at a second locus) may be required for clinical manifestation of some forms of the disease. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17160889, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20120035, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21344540}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for BBS12

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BBS12: view

No data available for Genatlas for BBS12 Gene

Publications for BBS12 Gene

  1. Identification of a novel BBS gene (BBS12) highlights the major role of a vertebrate-specific branch of chaperonin-related proteins in Bardet-Biedl syndrome. (PMID: 17160889) Stoetzel C. … Dollfus H. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2007) 2 3 4 67
  2. Overview of Bardet-Biedl syndrome in Spain: identification of novel mutations in BBS1, BBS10 and BBS12 genes. (PMID: 24611592) Alvarez-Satta M. … Valverde D. (Clin. Genet. 2014) 3
  3. Intrinsic protein-protein interaction-mediated and chaperonin-assisted sequential assembly of stable bardet-biedl syndrome protein complex, the BBSome. (PMID: 22500027) Zhang Q. … Sheffield V.C. (J. Biol. Chem. 2012) 3
  4. BBS-induced ciliary defect enhances adipogenesis, causing paradoxical higher-insulin sensitivity, glucose usage, and decreased inflammatory response. (PMID: 22958920) Marion V. … Dollfus H. (Cell Metab. 2012) 3
  5. BBS6, BBS10, and BBS12 form a complex with CCT/TRiC family chaperonins and mediate BBSome assembly. (PMID: 20080638) Seo S. … Sheffield V.C. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010) 3

Products for BBS12 Gene

Sources for BBS12 Gene