Aliases for BAG6 Gene
External Ids for BAG6 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for BAG6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BAG6 Gene
This gene was first characterized as part of a cluster of genes located within the human major histocompatibility complex class III region. This gene encodes a nuclear protein that is cleaved by caspase 3 and is implicated in the control of apoptosis. In addition, the protein forms a complex with E1A binding protein p300 and is required for the acetylation of p53 in response to DNA damage. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for BAG6 Gene
BAG6 (BCL2 Associated Athanogene 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BAG6 include Acute Diarrhea and Discrete Subaortic Stenosis. Among its related pathways are Natural Killer Cell Receptors: Human Target Cell -- NK Cell Ligand-Receptor Interactions and Wnt / Hedgehog / Notch. GO annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin protein ligase binding and Hsp70 protein binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAG6 Gene
Chaperone that plays a key role in various processes such as apoptosis, insertion of tail-anchored (TA) membrane proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and regulation of chromatin. Key component of the BAG6/BAT3 complex, a cytosolic multiprotein complex involved in the post-translational delivery of tail-anchored (TA) membrane proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. TA membrane proteins, also named type II transmembrane proteins, contain a single C-terminal transmembrane region. BAG6/BAT3 acts by facilitating TA membrane proteins capture by ASNA1/TRC40: it is recruited to ribosomes synthesizing membrane proteins, interacts with the transmembrane region of newly released TA proteins and transfers them to ASNA1/TRC40 for targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Moreover, it regulates the stability and the degradation of proteins by the proteasome. For instance, it is required for selective ubiquitin-mediated degradation of defective nascent chain polypeptides by the proteasome. In this context, may play a role in immuno-proteasomes to generate antigenic peptides via targeted degradation, thereby playing a role in antigen presentation in immune response. It is also involved in ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of proteins of the secretory pathway that are mislocalized to the cytosol. Binds the mislocalized proteins, preventing their aggregation in the cytosol, and promotes their ubiquitination. Participates in endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis via its interaction with AIFM1/AIF by regulating AIFM1/AIF stability and preventing its degradation. Also required during spermatogenesis for synaptonemal complex assembly via its interaction with HSPA2, by inhibiting polyubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of HSPA2.
Involved in DNA damage-induced apoptosis: following DNA damage, accumulates in the nucleus and forms a complex with p300/EP300, enhancing p300/EP300-mediated p53/TP53 acetylation leading to increase p53/TP53 transcriptional activity. When nuclear, may also act as a component of some chromatin regulator complex that regulates histone 3 Lys-4 dimethylation (H3K4me2).
Can be released from tumor and dendritic cells in membrane vesicles or exosomes, and engage NCR3 thereby promoting natural killer cells (NK) activation and cytotoxicity.