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Aliases for BAD Gene

Aliases for BAD Gene

  • BCL2 Associated Agonist Of Cell Death 2 3 5
  • Bcl-XL/Bcl-2-Associated Death Promoter 3 4
  • Bcl2 Antagonist Of Cell Death 3 4
  • Bcl-2-Binding Component 6 3 4
  • Bcl-2-Like Protein 8 3 4
  • Bcl2-L-8 3 4
  • BCL2L8 3 4
  • BCL2-Antagonist Of Cell Death Protein 3
  • BCL2-Associated Agonist Of Cell Death 3
  • BCL-X/BCL-2 Binding Protein 3
  • BCL2-Binding Component 6 3
  • BCL2-Binding Protein 3
  • BBC2 3
  • BBC6 4

External Ids for BAD Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BAD Gene

  • GC11M066553
  • GC11M065718
  • GC11M063812
  • GC11M063793
  • GC11M064037
  • GC11M060365

Summaries for BAD Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BAD Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the BCL-2 family. BCL-2 family members are known to be regulators of programmed cell death. This protein positively regulates cell apoptosis by forming heterodimers with BCL-xL and BCL-2, and reversing their death repressor activity. Proapoptotic activity of this protein is regulated through its phosphorylation. Protein kinases AKT and MAP kinase, as well as protein phosphatase calcineurin were found to be involved in the regulation of this protein. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants which encode the same isoform. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for BAD Gene

BAD (BCL2 Associated Agonist Of Cell Death) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BAD include Endometrial Cancer and Adrenal Cortical Adenocarcinoma. Among its related pathways are Glioma and Constitutive Signaling by AKT1 E17K in Cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and lipid binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAD Gene

  • Promotes cell death. Successfully competes for the binding to Bcl-X(L), Bcl-2 and Bcl-W, thereby affecting the level of heterodimerization of these proteins with BAX. Can reverse the death repressor activity of Bcl-X(L), but not that of Bcl-2 (By similarity). Appears to act as a link between growth factor receptor signaling and the apoptotic pathways.

Gene Wiki entry for BAD Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BAD Gene

Genomics for BAD Gene

Regulatory Elements for BAD Gene

Enhancers for BAD Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around BAD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for BAD Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around BAD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for BAD Gene

Chromosome:
11
Start:
64,269,828 bp from pter
End:
64,284,704 bp from pter
Size:
14,877 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for BAD Gene

Genes around BAD on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BAD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BAD Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BAD Gene

Proteins for BAD Gene

  • Protein details for BAD Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92934-BAD_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Bcl2-associated agonist of cell death
    Protein Accession:
    Q92934
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O14803
    • Q6FH21

    Protein attributes for BAD Gene

    Size:
    168 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18392 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms heterodimers with the anti-apoptotic proteins, Bcl-X(L), Bcl-2 and Bcl-W. Also binds protein S100A10 (By similarity). The Ser-75/Ser-99 phosphorylated form binds 14-3-3 proteins (By similarity). Interacts with AKT1 and PIM3. Interacts (via BH3 domain) with NOL3 (via CARD domain); preventing the association of BAD with BCL2 (By similarity). Interacts with HIF3A (via C-terminus domain); the interaction reduces the binding between BAD and BAX (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAB36516.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=64, 91; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for BAD Gene

neXtProt entry for BAD Gene

Proteomics data for BAD Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for BAD Gene

  • Methylation at Arg-94 and Arg-96 by PRMT1 inhibits Akt-mediated phosphorylation at Ser-99.
  • Phosphorylated on one or more of Ser-75, Ser-99, Ser-118 and Ser-134 in response to survival stimuli, which blocks its pro-apoptotic activity. Phosphorylation on Ser-99 or Ser-75 promotes heterodimerization with 14-3-3 proteins. This interaction then facilitates the phosphorylation at Ser-118, a site within the BH3 motif, leading to the release of Bcl-X(L) and the promotion of cell survival. Ser-99 is the major site of AKT/PKB phosphorylation, Ser-118 the major site of protein kinase A (CAPK) phosphorylation. Phosphorylation at Ser-99 by PKB/AKT1 is almost completely blocked by the apoptotic C-terminus cleavage product of PKN2 generated by caspases-3 activity during apoptosis.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for BAD Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BAD Gene

Domains & Families for BAD Gene

Gene Families for BAD Gene

Protein Domains for BAD Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92934

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

BAD_HUMAN :
  • Intact BH3 motif is required by BIK, BID, BAK, BAD and BAX for their pro-apoptotic activity and for their interaction with anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family.
  • Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.
Domain:
  • Intact BH3 motif is required by BIK, BID, BAK, BAD and BAX for their pro-apoptotic activity and for their interaction with anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BAD: view

Function for BAD Gene

Molecular function for BAD Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Promotes cell death. Successfully competes for the binding to Bcl-X(L), Bcl-2 and Bcl-W, thereby affecting the level of heterodimerization of these proteins with BAX. Can reverse the death repressor activity of Bcl-X(L), but not that of Bcl-2 (By similarity). Appears to act as a link between growth factor receptor signaling and the apoptotic pathways.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BAD: view

Animal Models for BAD Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BAD:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for BAD Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target BAD

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BAD Gene

Localization for BAD Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAD Gene

Mitochondrion outer membrane. Cytoplasm. Note=Colocalizes with HIF3A in the cytoplasm (By similarity). Upon phosphorylation, locates to the cytoplasm. {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:Q61337}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for BAD Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BAD gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 3
endosome 1
extracellular 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BAD Gene

Pathways & Interactions for BAD Gene

SuperPathways for BAD Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling
2 PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling
3 IL-7 Signaling Pathways
4 Development HGF signaling pathway
5 Endometrial cancer
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with BAD: view

Pathways by source for BAD Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for BAD Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BAD Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001836 release of cytochrome c from mitochondria IEA --
GO:0001844 protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0006007 glucose catabolic process IEA --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process TAS 7834748
GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BAD: view

Drugs & Compounds for BAD Gene

(31) Drugs for BAD Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
ABT-263 Investigational Pharma Target 0
AT-101 Pharma inhibitor BH3-mimetic,gossypol enantiomer, BCL-2 inhibitors 0
Bax inhibitor peptide P5 Pharma Bax inhibitor, Inhibitor of Bax-mediated apoptosis 0
Bax inhibitor peptide V5 Pharma Bax inhibitor, Inhibitor of Bax-mediated apoptosis 0
Gossypol Pharma PAF inhibitor;anti-fertility and anti-cancer 24

(19) Additional Compounds for BAD Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(4) ApexBio Compounds for BAD Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AT-101 BH3-mimetic,gossypol enantiomer 90141-22-3
Bax inhibitor peptide P5 Bax inhibitor 579492-83-4
Bax inhibitor peptide V5 Bax inhibitor 579492-81-2
Gossypol PAF inhibitor;anti-fertility and anti-cancer 303-45-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with BAD: view

Transcripts for BAD Gene

Unigene Clusters for BAD Gene

BCL2-associated agonist of cell death:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BAD Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d · 5e
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - -
SP5:
SP6: - - - -

Relevant External Links for BAD Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
BAD
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
BAD

Expression for BAD Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for BAD Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for BAD Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (14.8) and Skin (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for BAD Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BAD Gene Hs.370254

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BAD Gene

Q92934-BAD_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in a wide variety of tissues.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BAD: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Protein tissue co-expression partners for BAD Gene

Orthologs for BAD Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BAD Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BAD 35
  • 85.03 (n)
  • 76.65 (a)
BAD 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BAD 35
  • 86.35 (n)
  • 81.33 (a)
BAD 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Bad 35
  • 82.92 (n)
  • 77.78 (a)
Bad 16
Bad 36
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BAD 35
  • 99.8 (n)
  • 100 (a)
BAD 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Bad 35
  • 82.3 (n)
  • 78.4 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii bada 36
  • 34 (a)
OneToMany
badb 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for BAD:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BAD Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for BAD (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for BAD (if available)

Paralogs for BAD Gene

No data available for Paralogs for BAD Gene

Variants for BAD Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BAD Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_015380 -

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BAD Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1156n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv469961 CNV Loss 18288195
dgv1163n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv1165n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv1166n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv832186 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2744615 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2744616 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv897684 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv897685 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv1168n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv357 CNV Insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for BAD Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 63.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.38; 8.29% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for BAD Gene

Disorders for BAD Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for BAD Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
endometrial cancer
  • endometrial cancer, familial
adrenal cortical adenocarcinoma
  • adrenocortical carcinoma
prostate cancer
  • prostate cancer, hereditary, 5
pharyngoconjunctival fever
  • adenoviral pharyngoconjunctivitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BAD in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for BAD

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
BAD
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
BAD
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
BAD
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BAD: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for BAD Gene

Publications for BAD Gene

  1. Bcl-2 targets the protein kinase Raf-1 to mitochondria. (PMID: 8929532) Wang H.-G. … Reed J.C. (Cell 1996) 2 3 4 67
  2. Protein kinase G type-Ialpha phosphorylates the apoptosis-regulating protein Bad at serine 155 and protects against apoptosis in N1E-115 cells. (PMID: 20043968) Johlfs M.G. … Fiscus R.R. (Neurochem. Int. 2010) 3 23
  3. Protection from rapamycin-induced apoptosis by insulin-like growth factor-I is partially dependent on protein kinase C signaling. (PMID: 20179209) Thimmaiah K.N. … Houghton P.J. (Cancer Res. 2010) 3 23
  4. Expression of the Bcl-2 protein BAD promotes prostate cancer growth. (PMID: 19593445) Smith A.J. … Kulik G. (PLoS ONE 2009) 3 23
  5. Identification of novel in vivo phosphorylation sites of the human proapoptotic protein BAD: pore-forming activity of BAD is regulated by phosphorylation. (PMID: 19667065) Polzien L. … Rapp U.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23

Products for BAD Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for BAD

Sources for BAD Gene

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