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Aliases for BAALC Gene

Aliases for BAALC Gene

  • Brain And Acute Leukemia, Cytoplasmic 2 3 5

External Ids for BAALC Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BAALC Gene

  • GC08P103158
  • GC08P104221
  • GC08P103821
  • GC08P104109
  • GC08P104222
  • GC08P104152
  • GC08P099353

Summaries for BAALC Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for BAALC Gene

  • This gene was identified by gene expression studies in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The gene is conserved among mammals and is not found in lower organisms. Tissues that express this gene develop from the neuroectoderm. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different proteins have been described for this gene; however, some of the transcript variants are found only in AML cell lines. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for BAALC Gene

BAALC (Brain And Acute Leukemia, Cytoplasmic) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BAALC include Acute Leukemia and Leukemia.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAALC Gene

  • May play a synaptic role at the postsynaptic lipid rafts by interacting with CAMK2A.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for BAALC Gene

Genomics for BAALC Gene

Regulatory Elements for BAALC Gene

Enhancers for BAALC Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH08F103176 0.4 FANTOM5 16.8 +36.1 36113 0.1 BAALC BAALC-AS2 LINC01181 BAALC-AS1 FZD6 AZIN1 ATP6V1C1 MIR3151 PIR39342
GH08F103119 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 11.3 -20.7 -20722 1.9 SIX4 GATA3 PKNOX1 MAFK NFE2L2 LINC01181 BAALC-AS2 BAALC FZD6 MTCO2P4
GH08F103207 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 11.2 +68.3 68271 3.2 PKNOX1 DNMT3B RAD21 SCRT2 FOS CEBPB ZEB2 ZNF623 ZNF518A ATF4 ENSG00000253851 BAALC BAALC-AS2 LINC01181 FZD6 PIR39342 MIR3151
GH08F103210 0.2 ENCODE 11.2 +69.9 69935 0.2 RFX1 PKNOX1 RNF2 CHD1 DPF2 KLF4 E2F1 GATA3 ZBTB48 CUX1 BAALC BAALC-AS2 LINC01181 PIR39342 MIR3151
GH08F103138 0.2 ENCODE 7 -1.8 -1829 1.3 CREM BAALC LINC01181
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around BAALC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for BAALC Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001398255 208 1000 CTCF MAZ SP3 SUZ12 CBX2 ZFHX2 SMARCA4 ZNF366 POLR2A SCRT2

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the BAALC gene promoter:

Genomic Location for BAALC Gene

103,140,693 bp from pter
103,230,305 bp from pter
89,613 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for BAALC Gene

Genes around BAALC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BAALC Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BAALC Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BAALC Gene

Proteins for BAALC Gene

  • Protein details for BAALC Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Brain and acute leukemia cytoplasmic protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8WTP6
    • Q8WXS0
    • Q8WXS1
    • Q8WXS2
    • Q9HA93

    Protein attributes for BAALC Gene

    180 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19224 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CAMK2A.

    Alternative splice isoforms for BAALC Gene

neXtProt entry for BAALC Gene

Post-translational modifications for BAALC Gene

  • Palmitoylation and myristoylation target the protein to the lipid rafts.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for BAALC Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BAALC Gene

Domains & Families for BAALC Gene

Protein Domains for BAALC Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for BAALC Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BAALC: view

No data available for Gene Families and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAALC Gene

Function for BAALC Gene

Molecular function for BAALC Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a synaptic role at the postsynaptic lipid rafts by interacting with CAMK2A.

Phenotypes for BAALC Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for BAALC:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BAALC: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for BAALC

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BAALC Gene

Localization for BAALC Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAALC Gene

Cytoplasm. Membrane. Note=Postsynaptic lipid rafts. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for BAALC Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BAALC gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BAALC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 11707601
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BAALC: view

Pathways & Interactions for BAALC Gene

SuperPathways for BAALC Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for BAALC Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000312457 Q8WXS3-BAALC_HUMAN for BAALC Gene via STRING IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BAALC Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for BAALC Gene

Transcripts for BAALC Gene

Unigene Clusters for BAALC Gene

Brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BAALC Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c
SP1: - - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for BAALC Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BAALC Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for BAALC Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for BAALC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cortex (x5.1), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x5.1), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.0), Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x4.8), Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.7), Brain - Amygdala (x4.4), Brain - Hippocampus (x4.2), and Brain - Substantia nigra (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for BAALC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Frontal cortex (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for BAALC Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for BAALC Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of BAALC Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BAALC Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for BAALC Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed by neural and hematopoietic cells. Expression is found both in normal early progenitor cells and in the most immature type of blasts in acute leukemia but not in mature hematopoietic cells. Isoform 2 and isoform 6 are expressed in the brain. Isoform 2 shows a low expression in neuroectoderm-derived tissues such as adrenal gland and no expression in bone marrow, peripheral blood lymphocytes or lymph nodes, or in tumors or cancer cell lines of nonneural tissue origin.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BAALC: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for BAALC Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for BAALC Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BAALC 34 35
  • 96.4 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BAALC 34 35
  • 90.57 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BAALC 34 35
  • 90.57 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Baalc 34
  • 87.13 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Baalc 34 16 35
  • 86.44 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia BAALC 35
  • 63 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves BAALC 34 35
  • 66.18 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia baalc 34
  • 57.58 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii BAALC 35
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for BAALC was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for BAALC Gene

Gene Tree for BAALC (if available)
Gene Tree for BAALC (if available)

Paralogs for BAALC Gene

No data available for Paralogs for BAALC Gene

Variants for BAALC Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BAALC Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000460 -- 103,173,517(+) AATAG(A/T)TTTTT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000461 -- 103,173,983(+) AAGAG(A/G)CTATG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs10088427 -- 103,198,464(+) ATCCC(A/G)TGATC intron-variant
rs10088491 -- 103,157,612(+) agacc(A/G)tcctg intron-variant
rs10089245 -- 103,216,002(+) tttga(C/G)actta intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BAALC Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv21700 CNV gain 19812545
esv2678140 CNV deletion 23128226
nsv1017326 CNV gain 25217958
nsv831413 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for BAALC Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 83.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.93; 49.10% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for BAALC Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BAALC Gene

Disorders for BAALC Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for BAALC Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
acute leukemia
  • stem cell leukaemia
leukemia, acute myeloid
  • leukemia, acute myeloid, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search BAALC in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for BAALC

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with BAALC: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for BAALC Gene

Publications for BAALC Gene

  1. BAALC, the human member of a novel mammalian neuroectoderm gene lineage, is implicated in hematopoiesis and acute leukemia. (PMID: 11707601) Tanner S.M. … de La Chapelle A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2001) 2 3 4 64
  2. BAALC potentiates oncogenic ERK pathway through interactions with MEKK1 and KLF4. (PMID: 26050649) Morita K. … Kurokawa M. (Leukemia 2015) 2 3 64
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. Overexpression of BAALC: clinical significance in Chinese de novo acute myeloid leukemia. (PMID: 25428390) Zhou J.D. … Qian J. (Med. Oncol. 2015) 3 64

Products for BAALC Gene

Sources for BAALC Gene

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