Aliases for B4GALT4 Gene
External Ids for B4GALT4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for B4GALT4 Gene
This gene is one of seven beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase (beta4GalT) genes. They encode type II membrane-bound glycoproteins that appear to have exclusive specificity for the donor substrate UDP-galactose; all transfer galactose in a beta1,4 linkage to similar acceptor sugars: GlcNAc, Glc, and Xyl. Each beta4GalT has a distinct function in the biosynthesis of different glycoconjugates and saccharide structures. As type II membrane proteins, they have an N-terminal hydrophobic signal sequence that directs the protein to the Golgi apparatus and which then remains uncleaved to function as a transmembrane anchor. By sequence similarity, the beta4GalTs form four groups: beta4GalT1 and beta4GalT2, beta4GalT3 and beta4GalT4, beta4GalT5 and beta4GalT6, and beta4GalT7. The enzyme encoded by this gene appears to mainly play a role in glycolipid biosynthesis. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for B4GALT4 Gene
B4GALT4 (Beta-1,4-Galactosyltransferase 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Keratan sulfate/keratin metabolism and Glycosaminoglycan metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups and N-acetyllactosamine synthase activity. An important paralog of this gene is B4GALT3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for B4GALT4 Gene
Responsible for the synthesis of complex-type N-linked oligosaccharides in many glycoproteins as well as the carbohydrate moieties of glycolipids.