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Aliases for AXIN2 Gene

Aliases for AXIN2 Gene

  • Axin 2 2 3 5
  • Conductin 2 3 4
  • Axis Inhibition Protein 2 3 4
  • Axin-Like Protein 3 4
  • AXIL 3 4
  • ODCRCS 3
  • Axil 2

External Ids for AXIN2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AXIN2 Gene

  • GC17P064858
  • GC17P067924
  • GC17M063942
  • GC17M064074
  • GC17M060956
  • GC17M063524
  • GC17M058916

Summaries for AXIN2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AXIN2 Gene

  • The Axin-related protein, Axin2, presumably plays an important role in the regulation of the stability of beta-catenin in the Wnt signaling pathway, like its rodent homologs, mouse conductin/rat axil. In mouse, conductin organizes a multiprotein complex of APC (adenomatous polyposis of the colon), beta-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase 3-beta, and conductin, which leads to the degradation of beta-catenin. Apparently, the deregulation of beta-catenin is an important event in the genesis of a number of malignancies. The AXIN2 gene has been mapped to 17q23-q24, a region that shows frequent loss of heterozygosity in breast cancer, neuroblastoma, and other tumors. Mutations in this gene have been associated with colorectal cancer with defective mismatch repair. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AXIN2 Gene

AXIN2 (Axin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AXIN2 include Oligodontia-Colorectal Cancer Syndrome and Colorectal Cancer. Among its related pathways are Pathways in cancer and Signaling by Wnt. GO annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and GTPase activator activity. An important paralog of this gene is AXIN1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AXIN2 Gene

  • Inhibitor of the Wnt signaling pathway. Down-regulates beta-catenin. Probably facilitate the phosphorylation of beta-catenin and APC by GSK3B (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for AXIN2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AXIN2 Gene

Genomics for AXIN2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AXIN2 Gene

Enhancers for AXIN2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around AXIN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AXIN2 Gene

65,528,563 bp from pter
65,561,647 bp from pter
33,085 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AXIN2 Gene

Genes around AXIN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AXIN2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AXIN2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AXIN2 Gene

Proteins for AXIN2 Gene

  • Protein details for AXIN2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3MJ88
    • Q9H3M6
    • Q9UH84

    Protein attributes for AXIN2 Gene

    843 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    93558 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) and beta-catenin. The interaction between axin and beta-catenin occurs via the armadillo repeats contained in beta-catenin (By similarity). Interacts with SMAD7 and RNF111. Interacts with ANKRD6.

neXtProt entry for AXIN2 Gene

Proteomics data for AXIN2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AXIN2 Gene

  • ADP-ribosylated by tankyrase TNKS and TNKS2. Poly-ADP-ribosylated protein is recognized by RNF146, followed by ubiquitination and subsequent activation of the Wnt signaling pathway.
  • Probably phosphorylated by GSK3B and dephosphorylated by PP2A.
  • Ubiquitinated by RNF146 when poly-ADP-ribosylated, leading to its degradation and subsequent activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Deubiquitinated by USP34, deubiquitinated downstream of beta-catenin stabilization step: deubiquitination is important Wnt signaling to positively regulate beta-catenin (CTNBB1)-mediated transcription.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for AXIN2 (axin 2)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AXIN2 Gene

Domains & Families for AXIN2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AXIN2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The tankyrase-binding motif (also named TBD) is required for interaction with tankyrase TNKS and TNKS2.
  • The tankyrase-binding motif (also named TBD) is required for interaction with tankyrase TNKS and TNKS2.
  • Contains 1 DIX domain.
  • Contains 1 RGS domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AXIN2: view

No data available for Gene Families for AXIN2 Gene

Function for AXIN2 Gene

Molecular function for AXIN2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
axin 2,murine conduction homolog,negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway,promoting the GSK3B dependent phosphorylation of beta catenin (CTNNB1) strong candidate in multiple tumor types
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Inhibitor of the Wnt signaling pathway. Down-regulates beta-catenin. Probably facilitate the phosphorylation of beta-catenin and APC by GSK3B (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AXIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008013 beta-catenin binding NAS,IBA 11017067
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AXIN2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AXIN2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AXIN2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AXIN2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AXIN2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AXIN2 Gene

Localization for AXIN2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AXIN2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AXIN2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AXIN2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
golgi apparatus 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 4
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AXIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 12072559
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005881 cytoplasmic microtubule IBA --
GO:0005938 cell cortex IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AXIN2: view

Pathways & Interactions for AXIN2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AXIN2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for AXIN2 Gene

Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AXIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation IMP 20300119
GO:0003139 secondary heart field specification IEA --
GO:0003413 chondrocyte differentiation involved in endochondral bone morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IBA --
GO:0010718 positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition IMP 17072303
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AXIN2: view

Drugs & Compounds for AXIN2 Gene

(3) Drugs for AXIN2 Gene - From: PharmGKB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Platinum compounds Pharma 0

(3) Additional Compounds for AXIN2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AXIN2: view

Transcripts for AXIN2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AXIN2 Gene

Axin 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AXIN2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for AXIN2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AXIN2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AXIN2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AXIN2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreatic juice (64.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for AXIN2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AXIN2 Gene Hs.156527

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AXIN2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in brain and lymphoblast.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AXIN2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AXIN2 Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for AXIN2 Gene

Orthologs for AXIN2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for AXIN2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AXIN2 35
  • 80.55 (n)
  • 81.38 (a)
AXIN2 36
  • 81 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AXIN2 35
  • 90.75 (n)
  • 93.12 (a)
AXIN2 36
  • 93 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Axin2 35
  • 86.2 (n)
  • 90.57 (a)
Axin2 16
Axin2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AXIN2 35
  • 99.45 (n)
  • 99.64 (a)
AXIN2 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Axin2 35
  • 86.28 (n)
  • 90.69 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AXIN2 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AXIN2 36
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AXIN2 35
  • 77.01 (n)
  • 81.33 (a)
AXIN2 36
  • 79 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AXIN2 36
  • 78 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.5833 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
axin2 35
  • 65.87 (n)
  • 68.14 (a)
axin2 36
  • 66 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Axn 36
  • 23 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 21 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AXIN2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for AXIN2 Gene

Gene Tree for AXIN2 (if available)
Gene Tree for AXIN2 (if available)

Paralogs for AXIN2 Gene

Paralogs for AXIN2 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for AXIN2 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins: Pseudogenes for AXIN2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AXIN2: view

Variants for AXIN2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AXIN2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2240308 Polymorphism associated with increased risk of lung cancer 65,558,473(+) GACAG(A/G)CATGG reference, missense
rs7591 -- 65,528,964(+) CGAAC(A/T)TCAAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs1133683 -- 65,537,650(-) AGCCC(C/T)CGCTC reference, synonymous-codon
rs2240307 -- 65,558,189(+) GAGAC(A/G)ATGCT reference, synonymous-codon
rs4072245 -- 65,536,247(-) TAATG(A/G)GGAGG intron-variant

Variation tolerance for AXIN2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 59.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.00; 84.14% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AXIN2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AXIN2 Gene

Disorders for AXIN2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for AXIN2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
oligodontia-colorectal cancer syndrome
  • tooth agenesis-colorectal cancer syndrome
colorectal cancer
  • colorectal cancer, somatic
oligodontia-cancer predisposition syndrome syndrome
  • autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia-cancer predisposition syndrome syndrome
axin2-related attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis
  • axin2-related afap
tooth agenesis
  • familial tooth agenesis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AXIN2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500]: A complex disease characterized by malignant lesions arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the colon) and the rectum. Genetic alterations are often associated with progression from premalignant lesion (adenoma) to invasive adenocarcinoma. Risk factors for cancer of the colon and rectum include colon polyps, long-standing ulcerative colitis, and genetic family history. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11017067}. Note=The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis.
  • Oligodontia-colorectal cancer syndrome (ODCRCS) [MIM:608615]: Affected individuals manifest severe tooth agenesis and colorectal cancer or precancerous lesions of variable types. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15042511}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for AXIN2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AXIN2: view

No data available for Genatlas for AXIN2 Gene

Publications for AXIN2 Gene

  1. Cloning of the human homolog of conductin (AXIN2), a gene mapping to chromosome 17q23-q24. (PMID: 10049590) Mai M. … Liu W. (Genomics 1999) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Conductin/axin2 and Wnt signalling regulates centrosome cohesion. (PMID: 20300119) Hadjihannas M.V. … Behrens J. (EMBO Rep. 2010) 3 23
  3. Axis inhibition protein 2 (AXIN2) polymorphisms and tooth agenesis. (PMID: 18790474) Callahan N. … Vieira A.R. (Arch. Oral Biol. 2009) 3 23
  4. Epigenetic silencing of AXIN2/betaTrCP and deregulation of p53-mediated control lead to wild-type beta-catenin nuclear accumulation in lung tumorigenesis. (PMID: 18372914) Tseng R.C. … Wang Y.C. (Oncogene 2008) 3 23
  5. Association of genetic variation in genes implicated in the beta-catenin destruction complex with risk of breast cancer. (PMID: 18708403) Wang X. … Couch F.J. (Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2008) 3 23

Products for AXIN2 Gene

Sources for AXIN2 Gene