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Aliases for ATXN2L Gene

Aliases for ATXN2L Gene

  • Ataxin 2 Like 2 3
  • Ataxin 2-Like 2 3 5
  • Ataxin-2 Domain Protein 3 4
  • A2LG 3 4
  • A2LP 3 4
  • A2RP 3 4
  • A2D 3 4
  • Ataxin 2 Related Protein 3
  • Ataxin-2-Related Protein 4

External Ids for ATXN2L Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATXN2L Gene

  • GC16P028741
  • GC16P026701

Summaries for ATXN2L Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ATXN2L Gene

  • This gene encodes an ataxin type 2 related protein of unknown function. This protein is a member of the spinocerebellar ataxia (SCAs) family, which is associated with a complex group of neurodegenerative disorders. Several alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ATXN2L Gene

ATXN2L (Ataxin 2 Like) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is ATXN2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATXN2L Gene

  • Involved in the regulation of stress granule and P-body formation.

Gene Wiki entry for ATXN2L Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ATXN2L Gene

Genomics for ATXN2L Gene

Regulatory Elements for ATXN2L Gene

Enhancers for ATXN2L Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around ATXN2L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ATXN2L Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around ATXN2L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for ATXN2L Gene

28,823,035 bp from pter
28,837,237 bp from pter
14,203 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ATXN2L Gene

Genes around ATXN2L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ATXN2L Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ATXN2L Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ATXN2L Gene

Proteins for ATXN2L Gene

  • Protein details for ATXN2L Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ataxin-2-like protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K1R6
    • B9EGM2
    • E9PAR9
    • O95135
    • Q63ZY4
    • Q6NVJ8
    • Q6PJW6
    • Q8IU61
    • Q8IU95
    • Q8WWM3
    • Q8WWM4
    • Q8WWM5
    • Q8WWM6
    • Q99703

    Protein attributes for ATXN2L Gene

    1075 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    113374 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MPL/TPOR and EPOR and dissociates after ligand stimulation (PubMed:11784712). Interacts with DDX6, G3BP1, and ATXN2 (PubMed:23209657). Interacts with PRMT1 (PubMed:25748791). Interacts with CIC and ATXN1 (By similarity).
    • Sequence=AAC69607.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=31, 429, 432, 446; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12056.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12057.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12058.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12058.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Exon duplication.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12059.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12059.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Exon duplication.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12060.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAO12060.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Exon duplication.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for ATXN2L Gene

neXtProt entry for ATXN2L Gene

Proteomics data for ATXN2L Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ATXN2L Gene

  • Asymmetrically dimethylated. Probably methylated by PRMT1.
  • Thrombopoietin triggers the phosphorylation on tyrosine residues in a way that is dependent on MPL C-terminal domain.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 106, Lys 207, and Lys 507
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ATXN2L Gene

Domains & Families for ATXN2L Gene

Protein Domains for ATXN2L Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ataxin-2 family.
  • Belongs to the ataxin-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ATXN2L: view

No data available for Gene Families for ATXN2L Gene

Function for ATXN2L Gene

Molecular function for ATXN2L Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the regulation of stress granule and P-body formation.

Phenotypes for ATXN2L Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ATXN2L: view

Animal Model Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ATXN2L Gene

Localization for ATXN2L Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATXN2L Gene

Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cytoplasm. Nucleus speckle. Cytoplasmic granule. Note=Predominantly cytoplasmic but is also detected in nuclear speckles (PubMed:23209657). Component of cytoplasmic stress granules (PubMed:23209657). Inhibition of methylation alters nuclear localization (PubMed:25748791). Methylation does not seem to be required for localization to stress granules under stress conditions (PubMed:25748791). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23209657, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25748791}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ATXN2L Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ATXN2L gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ATXN2L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATXN2L: view

Pathways & Interactions for ATXN2L Gene

SuperPathways for ATXN2L Gene

No Data Available

SIGNOR curated interactions for ATXN2L Gene

Other effect:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ATXN2L Gene


No data available for Pathways by source for ATXN2L Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ATXN2L Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ATXN2L Gene

Unigene Clusters for ATXN2L Gene

Ataxin 2-like:
Representative Sequences:

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ATXN2L Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP8: - - - -
SP9: -
SP10: - - - - - -

ExUns: 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b ^ 22a · 22b ^ 23 ^ 24 ^ 25a · 25b · 25c ^ 26a · 26b ^ 27a · 27b
SP5: - -
SP6: - -
SP7: - - -
SP12: -
SP14: -
SP15: - -

Relevant External Links for ATXN2L Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ATXN2L Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ATXN2L Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ATXN2L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (13.2) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (9.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ATXN2L Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ATXN2L Gene Hs.460499

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ATXN2L Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed at high levels in thymus, lymph node, spleen, fetal kidney and adult testis. Constitutively associated with MPL and EPOR in hematopoietic cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ATXN2L: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ATXN2L Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ATXN2L Gene

Orthologs for ATXN2L Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ATXN2L Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ATXN2L 35
  • 91.95 (n)
  • 96.65 (a)
  • 94 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ATXN2L 35
  • 92.88 (n)
  • 97.37 (a)
  • 97 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Atxn2l 35
  • 88.88 (n)
  • 94.62 (a)
Atxn2l 16
Atxn2l 36
  • 93 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ATXN2L 35
  • 97.2 (n)
  • 97 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Atxn2l 35
  • 88.18 (n)
  • 93.16 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ATXN2L 36
  • 84 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ATXN2L 36
  • 75 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ATXN2L 36
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia atxn2l 35
  • 68.8 (n)
  • 71.19 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14045 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii atxn2l 35
  • 56.6 (n)
  • 53.79 (a)
wufi19h05 35
atxn2l 36
  • 40 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Atx2 36
  • 15 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea atx-2 36
  • 17 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PBP1 36
  • 17 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ATXN2L:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ATXN2L Gene

Gene Tree for ATXN2L (if available)
Gene Tree for ATXN2L (if available)

Paralogs for ATXN2L Gene

Paralogs for ATXN2L Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ATXN2L Gene using alignment to 10 proteins: Pseudogenes for ATXN2L Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ATXN2L: view

Variants for ATXN2L Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ATXN2L Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv842e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv843e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv905698 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv844e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv905700 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv905701 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv905702 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
nsv905703 CNV Loss 21882294
esv26988 CNV Loss 19812545
nsv518648 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv519100 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for ATXN2L Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.15% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.18; 39.51% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar and Relevant External Links for ATXN2L Gene

Disorders for ATXN2L Gene

Relevant External Links for ATXN2L

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for ATXN2L Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ATXN2L Gene

Publications for ATXN2L Gene

  1. Identification and expression of the gene for human ataxin-2-related protein on chromosome 16. (PMID: 14769358) Figueroa K.P. … Pulst S.M. (Exp. Neurol. 2003) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Cloning and characterization of a family of proteins associated with Mpl. (PMID: 11784712) Meunier C.F. … Courtois G. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 2 3 23
  3. Interaction of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/frontotemporal lobar degeneration-associated fused-in-sarcoma with proteins involved in metabolic and protein degradation pathways. (PMID: 25192599) Wang T. … Xu J. (Neurobiol. Aging 2015) 3
  4. Analysis of HIV-1 Gag protein interactions via biotin ligase tagging. (PMID: 25631074) Ritchie C. … Barklis E. (J. Virol. 2015) 3
  5. ABCE1 is a highly conserved RNA silencing suppressor. (PMID: 25659154) KAorblane K. … Sarmiento C. (PLoS ONE 2015) 3

Products for ATXN2L Gene

Sources for ATXN2L Gene