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Aliases for ATOX1 Gene

Aliases for ATOX1 Gene

  • Antioxidant 1 Copper Chaperone 2 3
  • HAH1 3 4 6
  • Metal Transport Protein ATX1 3 4
  • ATX1 (Antioxidant Protein 1, Yeast) Homolog 1 2
  • ATX1 Antioxidant Protein 1 Homolog (Yeast) 2
  • ATX1 Antioxidant Protein 1 Homolog 3
  • Copper Transport Protein ATOX1 3
  • ATX1 3

External Ids for ATOX1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATOX1 Gene

  • GC05M151191
  • GC05M151719
  • GC05M151105
  • GC05M151150
  • GC05M151102
  • GC05M146267
  • GC05M151122

Summaries for ATOX1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ATOX1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a copper chaperone that plays a role in copper homeostasis by binding and transporting cytosolic copper to ATPase proteins in the trans-Golgi network for later incorporation to the ceruloplasmin. This protein also functions as an antioxidant against superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, and therefore, may play a significant role in cancer carcinogenesis. Because of its cytogenetic location, this gene represents a candidate gene for 5q-syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ATOX1 Gene

ATOX1 (Antioxidant 1 Copper Chaperone) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cellular Senescence and Mineral absorption. GO annotations related to this gene include copper ion binding and copper chaperone activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATOX1 Gene

  • Binds and deliver cytosolic copper to the copper ATPase proteins. May be important in cellular antioxidant defense

Gene Wiki entry for ATOX1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ATOX1 Gene

Genomics for ATOX1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ATOX1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ATOX1 Gene

151,742,316 bp from pter
151,772,532 bp from pter
30,217 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ATOX1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ATOX1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ATOX1 Gene

Proteins for ATOX1 Gene

  • Protein details for ATOX1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Copper transport protein ATOX1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8KAJ8
    • D3DQI2
    • Q2M1R6
    • Q56AP3

    Protein attributes for ATOX1 Gene

    68 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    7402 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ATP7B.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ATOX1 Gene

neXtProt entry for ATOX1 Gene

Proteomics data for ATOX1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ATOX1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ATOX1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ATOX1 Gene

Domains for ATOX1 Gene

Protein Domains for ATOX1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ATOX1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O00244
  • Contains 1 HMA domain.
  • Belongs to the ATX1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ATOX1: view

No data available for Gene Families for ATOX1 Gene

Function for ATOX1 Gene

Molecular function for ATOX1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: antioxidant protein 1,human homolog of S cerevisiae,copper binding protein Atx1p,ubiquitously expressed,involved in copper homeostasis
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Binds and deliver cytosolic copper to the copper ATPase proteins. May be important in cellular antioxidant defense

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ATOX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005375 copper ion transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005507 copper ion binding IDA 12029094
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0016530 metallochaperone activity TAS 15670166
GO:0016531 copper chaperone activity IDA 12029094
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATOX1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ATOX1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ATOX1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ATOX1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ATOX1 Gene

Localization for ATOX1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ATOX1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ATOX1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 2
golgi apparatus 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ATOX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS 12029094
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATOX1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATOX1 Gene

Pathways for ATOX1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ATOX1: view

Pathways by source for ATOX1 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for ATOX1 Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Nitric Oxide Signaling Pathway in human,mouse,rat
    • Oxidative Stress in human,mouse,rat

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ATOX1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000302 response to reactive oxygen species TAS --
GO:0006825 copper ion transport TAS 15670166
GO:0006878 cellular copper ion homeostasis IEA --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress TAS 9430722
GO:0015680 intracellular copper ion transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATOX1: view

Compounds for ATOX1 Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for ATOX1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Cu

(2) Drugbank Compounds for ATOX1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
618-39-3 target
57-50-1 target

(20) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ATOX1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
copper 88.7 154
plastocyanin 72.9 3
copper(i) 71.8 3
bicinchoninic acid 60.7 2
iron 49.4 9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ATOX1: view

Transcripts for ATOX1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ATOX1 Gene

ATX1 antioxidant protein 1 homolog (yeast):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ATOX1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ATOX1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - -

Relevant External Links for ATOX1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ATOX1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ATOX1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ATOX1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ATOX1 Gene Hs.125213

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ATOX1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ATOX1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ATOX1 Gene

Orthologs for ATOX1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ATOX1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ATOX1 35
  • 100 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ATOX1 36
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ATOX1 35
  • 85.35 (n)
  • 83.33 (a)
ATOX1 36
  • 81 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ATOX1 35
  • 86.36 (n)
  • 83.33 (a)
ATOX1 36
  • 81 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Atox1 35
  • 87.88 (n)
  • 87.88 (a)
Atox1 16
Atox1 36
  • 85 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ATOX1 36
  • 75 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Atox1 35
  • 86.87 (n)
  • 89.39 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ATOX1 35
  • 75.25 (n)
  • 77.27 (a)
ATOX1 36
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ATOX1 36
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia atox1 35
  • 66.16 (n)
  • 68.18 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10767 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii atox1 35
  • 72.82 (n)
  • 72.31 (a)
atox1 36
  • 69 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Atox1 36
  • 48 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 51 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ATOX1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ATOX1 Gene

Gene Tree for ATOX1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ATOX1 (if available)

Paralogs for ATOX1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for ATOX1 Gene

Variants for ATOX1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ATOX1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs10723 -- 151,742,895(-) ATCGT(G/T)TTCCT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1060099 -- 151,743,147(+) CCAGT(G/T)TCCAG intron-variant
rs1549921 -- 151,758,650(-) TCTAG(C/T)GCGCA upstream-variant-2KB
rs2016409 -- 151,746,763(-) GAGTG(A/C)GTCTC intron-variant
rs2915822 -- 151,751,340(-) TAGTT(A/C)ATATG intron-variant

Relevant External Links for ATOX1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ATOX1 Gene

Disorders for ATOX1 Gene

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for ATOX1 Gene

(4) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ATOX1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
menkes disease 85.7 4
wilson disease 83.4 13
inflammation 0 1
neurodegenerative diseases 0 1

Relevant External Links for ATOX1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ATOX1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATOX1 Gene

Publications for ATOX1 Gene

  1. Identification and functional expression of HAH1, a novel human gene involved in copper homeostasis. (PMID: 9083055) Klomp L.W.J. … Gitlin J.D. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. Analysis of the human Atox 1 homologue in Wilson patients. (PMID: 18416466) Simon I. … Stremmel W. (World J. Gastroenterol. 2008) 3 23 48
  3. Functional properties of the human copper-transporting ATPase ATP7B (the Wilson's disease protein) and regulation by metallochaperone Atox1. (PMID: 12763797) Lutsenko S. … Walker J.M. (Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2003) 3 23
  4. An NMR study of the interaction between the human copper(I) chaperone and the second and fifth metal-binding domains of the Menkes protein. (PMID: 15670166) Banci L. … Rosato A. (FEBS J. 2005) 3 23
  5. Structural basis for copper transfer by the metallochaperone for the Menkes/Wilson disease proteins. (PMID: 10966647) Wernimont A.K. … Rosenzweig A.C. (Nat. Struct. Biol. 2000) 3 4

Products for ATOX1 Gene

Sources for ATOX1 Gene

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